Civil war timeline picture

Civil War Reconstruction by Ian Wilson

By iwilson
  • Lincoln's plan of Reconstruction

    Lincoln issued a proclamation of amnesty to any southerner who took an oath of loyalty to United States
  • Wade-Davis Bill

    Moderate and Radical republicans came together to make a reconstruction plan both could agree on. Called for white men from confederate states to make oath to Union. It abolished slavery, rejected depts that states had aquired, and deprived confederate officials and officers the right to vote. Congress passed the bill but was stopped by pocket veto (Benjamin Franklin Wade pictured)
  • Thirteenth Amendment Approved

    Amendment approved and waiting to be ratified which would abloish slavery officially in the United States.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Created

    Created to assist emancipated slaves. Helped them with education, work, and just in general getting on their feet.
  • Lee Surrenders

    Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox, Virginia.
  • Lincoln Assassination

    John w. Booth assassinates Abe Lincoln at Fordis Theatre. Vice President Andrew Johnson left as President.
  • Civil War effectively ended

    Johnston surrender to Sherman in North Carolina, effectively ending the Civil War.
  • Proclamation of Amnesty issued

    Goes along with Lincoln's plan. The proclamatuon excluded confederates who were blamed for war their pardon.
  • A.Johnson starts his reconstruction program

    program similar to Lincoln's. Congress in recess
  • Freedmen's Bureau issued rations

    issued nearly 30,000 rations a day for the next year feeding refused in the south the Bureau wanted to educate former slaves. they helped many freed slaves get on their feet
  • Thirteenth Amendment Ratified

    This was the official abolishment of slavery across the Country. Slaves in former confederate and North are completely free and slavery becomes illegal.
  • New Orleans Race Riot/Massacre

    100 persons were injured in the fighting and thirty-four blacks and three white Radicals were killed. African Americans were angered by the enactment of the Black Codes in Louisiana, and by the legislature's refusal to give black men the vote, the Radical Republicans in Louisiana reconvened the constitutional convention of 1864.
  • First Reconstruction Act

    Passed over President Johnson’s veto March. This was followed by three more all passed over Johnson's veto.
  • Fourteenth Amendment Ratified

    1866 14th Amendment passed by Congress then ratified in 1868. It grants full citizenship to blacks, gives the Federal government the responsibility to protect equal rights under the law to all American citizens.
  • Ulysses S. Grant Becomes resigns as general same year becomes President.

    Grant resigns as general, soon after is elected President. He was the popular vote because people saw him as a great leader to take the country through such chaotic times. He became the 18th President and was re elected in 1872.
  • Fifteenth Amendment Ratified

    Prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Third of the Reconstruction Amendments.
  • First African American Senator

    Heram Revels elected first U.S. senate of Mississippi. This was a major event for our country because it was so soon after slavery had been abolished.
  • First black U.S Huose of Reps. member

    Joseph H. Rainey, first black member sworn in as member of U. S. House of Representatives.
  • Ku Klux Klan Act

    Enacted to protect southern African Americans from the violence of Ku Klux Klan which originated in Tennessee in 1865. Grant acted strongly on Klan-like terrorization that was a big problem in the south several times inacting habeas corpus. As a result the first era KKK was dismantled.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Abolished

    (exact date unsure)n after being started in 1865 and only planned to go for one year to help freed slaves, it went until 1871 until disbanded by U.S. Grant.
  • First African American to serve as a state governor... kind of

    P. B. S. Pinchback, acting governor of Louisiana from December 9, 1872 to January 13, 1873. Pinchback, a black politician, was the first black to serve as a state governor, although due to white resistance, his tenure is extremely short.
  • Forty-third Congress.

    Six black members in House the House of Representatives. went until 1875.
  • Blanche K. Bruce elected to U. S. Senate

    U.S. politician who represented Mississippi as a Republican in the U.S. Senate from 1875 to 1881 and was the first elected African-American senator to serve a full term.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    The act was passed by Congress in February, 1875 and signed by President Grant on March 1, 1875.The Act guaranteed that everyone, regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, was entitled to the same treatment in public. It was barely inforced and later declared unconstitutional because the desrimination of private individuals can't be controlled. Still showing some major improvement for African Americans at this time.
  • U. S. Senate votes not to seat P. B. S. Pinchback

    Pinckney B. S. Pinchback presented his credentials to the Senate. The former acting governor of Louisiana spent the following three years in a dispute for the seat, facing claims from three others: William McMillen, Robert H. Marr, and James B. Eustis. Finally, on March 8, 1876, the Senate voted 32 to 29 not to seat Pinchback, preventing him from becoming the third African American United States senator.
  • Wade Hampton inaugurated as governor of South Carolina.

    The election of Hampton, a leader in the Confederacy, confirms fears that the South is not committed to Reconstruction.In the Civil War, he was made general and headed Hampton's Legion, a cavalry unit.
  • Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated

    was the 19th President of the United States (1877–1881). As president, he oversaw the end of Reconstruction and the United States' entry into the Second Industrial Revolution