Civil war 3

Civil War

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    The Civil War

    15 important evnts of the civil war
  • Lincoln elected

    Lincoln elected
    Lincoln's election is a spark that will start the civil war. He was a northerner(from illinois) and had made anti-slavery remarks in the Lincoln-Douglas debates. Right after he was elected before he was officially in office southern states will start seceding. Then he was innaugurated into office on March 9, 1861.
  • Confederate States of America is formed

    Confederate States of America is formed
    On December 20, 1860, South Carolina votes to secede from the union. Throughout the month of January 1861, ten other students also vote to secede. These 11 states in the south formally form and call themselves a separate country and call themselves the confederate states of america. March 11, 1861, they elect their own president, Jeferson Davis. This is important because the U.S. is now splitting into two separrate countries.
  • Battle of fort sumter

    Battle of fort sumter
    This is the first official battle of the U.S. civil war. Confederate troops fired shots on the U.S. army fort. The U.S. army surrendered and were allowed to leave the fort. This was a major victory for the C.S.A.. This is important because it is the official start of the war, it lets the north know that the south is serious.
  • Blockade

    As a result of the surrender of fort sumter Lincoln orders a blockade of all C.S.A. ports. A blockade means the U.S. navy will have ships blocking all southern harbors. This is huge because it prevents any supplies coming into southern port cities and does not allow the South to export(cotton and Tobacco) They now can't sell their cash crops to other countries by water. The South did not have a navy at the beginning of the war,
  • First battle of Bull Run

    First battle of Bull Run
    This battle is known as the battle of manassas by the confederates. There would be eventually two battles fought here, but this was the first major land battle. It was important because it was fought close to Washington D.C.. The northerners thought this would be a quick end to the war and even picniced while watching the war.
  • Monitor vs. Merrimack

    Monitor vs. Merrimack
    This was a navy battle called the battle of hampton roads in virginia. The battle was between two iron clad battleships. The U.S.S. monitor went up against the C.S.S. virginia(the virginia was made from the previous sunk ship called the merrimack. The virginia ram and put holes in wood ships so now everyone needed to make metal ships instead of wood ships.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    This battle is also known as the battle of pittsburg landing. This battle was fought in Teneseee. The south did a surprise attack and even though with smaller numbers won the first day but failed to win the second day from being outnumbered. This is known as one of the bloodiest battles of the civil war with 23,746 men dying in this two day battle.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    This battle was also known as the battle of Sharpsburg. This was near the town of Sharpsburg, Maryland and Antietam creek. This battle was fought in northern territory as General Lee(#1 southern general), wanted to continue his win from the second battle of bullrun. Despite the north having double the amount of troops this battle is considered a draw. The battle of Antietam is considered the bloodiest, most deadly one-day battle of the civil war.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln signed and issued an executive order to fre slave. 50,000 slaves were freed right away. Eventually, as the union advanced into the south over 3,000,000 more slaves would be freed.
  • Enrollment Act

    Enrollment Act
    The North did not think the war would last more than a few months. As battles were lost and lots of men were killed or severely wounded, fewer men volunteered to fight. This Act required men between the ages of 20 and 45 to be drafted into the union army. This allowed the union to replenish their troops and be able to win the war.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    This three-day battle, around Gettysburg Pennsylvania, was the pivotal battle of the civil war. Many believe that if the south won this battle they would have won the civil war. Battles were fought at Devil's Den, Little Round Top, Peach Orchard, Culp's Hill, The Wheat Field, Cemetery Ridge, and Pickett's Charge across an open field. This battle ended July 3, 1863 with over 51,000 dead, wounded, or missing.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    President Lincoln gave a speech at Gettysburg Cemetery. Though his speech lasted only two minutes it is considered one of the most famous of all time. The speech began "Four score and seven years ago..." (87 years ago). Lincoln was trying to remind everyone about why our country was started democracy and equality.
  • Savannah Campaign

    Savannah Campaign
    This is also known as Sherman's March to the sea through the state of Georgia. U.S. general Sherman left the destroyed city of Atlanta. and march his troops over the next month through Georgia until he captured the port of Savannah. While not a specific battle this march caused major damge to cities, factories, wherehouses, railroads, bridges and land(burned all crops). This march hurt the civilians more than the soldiers. This helped the north win by making to south losing hope. http://totallyh
  • 13th Ammendmant

    13th Ammendmant
    U.S. congress passed this ammendmant abolishing slavery. it would not go into full effect until December of 1865. Eventually they would also pass the 14th and 15th ammendmants which all three are known as the reconstruction elements.
  • Appomattox Court House

    Appomattox Court House
    After a two week campaign, General Lee, in charge of the confederates, surrendered to Ulysses Grant of the union at Appomattox Court House. This is considered the end of the civil war. The official end is not until May 9, 1865 when President Andrew Johnson official ended the civil war. less than a week after the surrendur President Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilks Booth at Ford's Theater.