Civil Rights Movement Timeline By Saraya Jul 9, 1868 4th Amendment passed Constitutional amendment bans any state from taking citizens of their rights and defines citizenship. May 18, 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision Supreme Court said that separate but equal facilities for different races is legal. Feb 2, 1901 Booker T. Washington writes Up From Slavery Arguing that gradual progress is the best path for blacks, Thinking job training, respect and help would bring opportunities Jul 27, 1905 Niagara Movements W.E.B. DuBois demands racial equality and goes against all laws that treats blacks as different from others. Jun 21, 1915 Grandfather clause outlawed by Supreme Court NAACP challenges state laws that restricted black voting. May 27, 1919 Race riots and lynchings claim hundreds of lives Over 25 race riots occur in the summer of 1919 with 38 killed in Chicago. Jun 27, 1941 Executive Order 8802 bans race discrimination in hiring FDR sets up Fair Employment Practices Commission sets non-discrimination policies in federal hiring Jan 19, 1942 Japanese-Americans sent to concentration camps FDR allows 110,000 to be rounded up in western states Nov 10, 1944 Korematsu v. U.S Supreme Court rules that concentration camps were a wartime necessity Apr 14, 1947 Jackie Robinson joins Brooklyn Dodgers Pasadena resident and UCLA alum Robinson breaks the color barrier by being the first black to play major league baseball. May 11, 1948 Armed forces integrated Pres. Truman issues executive order requiring integrated units in the armed forces May 17, 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision Supreme Court stated that separate schools are by nature unequal. Schools are ordered to desegregate. Period: Dec 1, 1955 to Dec 20, 1957 Montgomery bus boycott Rosa Parks ignites 381-day bus boycott organized by Martin Luther King, Jr. May 27, 1956 Southern Manifesto urges resistance to desegregation efforts Over 100 southern members of Congress sign document attacking the Supreme Court decision. Sep 7, 1957 Little Rock Central High School desegregated After Little Rock school board votes to integrate schools, National Guard troops prevent black children from attending school.