Civil Rights Movement

  • Harry Truman

    During World War ll, President Roosevelt responded to the complaints of African American not being treated right in his own nation by issuing Executive Order 8802 in June 1944.
  • Harry Truman

    1946, Truman appointed a distinguished panel to serve as the President's Commission on Civil Rights, which recommended "more adequate means and procedures for the protection of the civil rights of the people of the United States." the article stated. "To Secure These Rights" .
  • Harry Truman

    in October 1947, among its days were anti-lynching and anti-poll tax laws, a permanent FEPC, and strengthening the civil rights division of the Department of Justice. Truman used his executive powers
  • Brown vs Board of Education

    The jim Crow laws allowed seperate white and black schools in the nation. A plaintiff named Oliver Brown filed a class-action suit against the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, in 1951, after his daughter, Linda Brown, was denied entrance to Topeka’s all-white elementary schools.
    He made a lawsuit about the event and they had made a "separate but equal" doctrine
  • Emmett Till

    A 14-year-old boy traveled to Mississippi for his uncle's fishing trip. One day him and his cousins went to a convenient store to buy some snacks and candy. The woman working in the store Carolyn Bryant claimed that Emmett whistled at her and touched her hand to caress her. Her brother and husband then showed up to his house while they were sleeping and took him and disassembled his body and threw him in the lake. Along with barbed wire attatched to his body.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa parks helped initiate the civil rights movement in the United States when she refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama bus in 1955. Her actions inspired the leaders of the local Black community to organize the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This was because African Americans weren't allowed to sit on the front of the bus and she refused to get up from her seat when she was asked and authorities were called.
  • Little Rock Nine

    On the first day of school at central high, the black students entry was denied into the school. Later that month president Eisenhower sent troops to escort them into school. Of course this had started some ruckus. They were the first African American students to attend that school. In the weeks prior to the start of the new school year, the students participated in intensive counseling sessions guiding them on what to classes began and how to respond to anticipated hostile situations.
  • Ruby Bridges

    Six-year-old Ruby Bridges is escorted by four armed federal marshals as she becomes the first student to integrate William Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans. Her actions inspired Norman Rockwell’s painting The Problem We All Live With (1964).
    Her Parents wanted her to go to the closest school not the one further from it. They would not let her in
  • Bomb in Birmingham

    The Birmingham church bombing occurred on September 15, 1963, when a bomb exploded before Sunday morning services at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. An all black church and a meeting area for civil right movement leaders. Four young girls were killed and many other people injured.
  • Martin Luther King Jr Death

    Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. is shot and killed at the age of 38 while standing on the balcony of his Lorraine Motel room in Memphis, Tennessee. Later, James Earl Ray was convicted of the crime and sentenced to 99 years
  • Fair Housing Act

    President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, also known as the Fair Housing Act, providing equal housing opportunity regardless of race, religion or national origin.
  • Arthur Ashe

    age 25, becomes the first African American man to win the U.S. Later he goes to top 10 players for 10 years
  • Shirley Chisholm

    sworn in as the first Black woman elected to Congress. Serving seven terms, she was a founder of the Congressional Black Caucus and Women's Caucus, and ran for president in 1972, the first Black woman to campaign for a major party nomination
  • Henery Hank

    Henery Hank hit his 715th homerun, beating babe ruths record. a record he held until 2007
  • Vanessa Williams

    New York’s Vanessa Williams is crowned the first Black Miss America at age 20. On July 23, 1984, she gives up her crown following Penthouse magazine’s announcement it would publish nude photos of her.