Civil rights history

  • Philadelphia

    Philadelphia committee led by Benjamin Franklin attempts to regulate waste disposal and water pollution.
  • 1854

    Henry David Thoreau publishes Walden
  • 1866

    The term ecology is coined in German as Oekologie by Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel
  • 1872

    the term acid rain is coined by Robert Angus Smith in the book Air and Rain
  • 1905

    The term smog is coined by Henry Antoine Des Voeux in a London meeting to express concern over air pollution
  • 1916

    US Congress created the National Park Service
  • The federal court order to integrate Boston schools

    The federal court order to integrate Boston schools
    The Boston school committee to reject that the schools were essentially segregated. The court wanted to desegregated the most converstial aspect of this plan.
  • Brown vs Borad

    Brown vs Borad
    The Supreme Court ruled that separating children in public schools on the basis of race was unconstitutional. It also helped established the "separate but equal"
  • Rosa parks

    Rosa parks
    She refuses to give up her seat on the bus to a white man in Montgomery Alabama. Her defiant stance her prompts a year long on Montgomery bus boycott.
  • The Supreme Court court rule in bus segregation

    The Supreme Court court rule in bus segregation
    There was a protest against the bus system in Montgomery, Alabama that led to the Supreme Court that it was unconstitutional for segregating the buses.
  • The Little Rock nine

    The Little Rock nine
    It was 9 African American students walking into a school to desegregate the Little Rock central high school.
  • 1960 presidential election

    1960 presidential election
    Richard M nixon, and John F Kennedy avoided civil rights issues, afraid to alienate southern voters. Finally Kennedy was voted out.
  • Freedom riders

    Freedom riders
    A group of white and African Americans who participated through bus trips in the south to protest segregated bus terminals.
  • The Desegregation of Interstate Travel

    The Desegregation of Interstate Travel
    The Interstate Commerce Commission finally outlawed discriminatory seating practices on interstate bus transit and ordered the removal of "whites only" signs from interstate bus terminals by November 1.
  • 1962

    Rachel Carson publishes Silent Spring
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    There was a massive protest march in front of the Lincoln memorial to draw attention to continuonious challenges of inequality faced by African Americans.
  • 1968

    The Apollo 8 picture of Earthrise
  • 1970

    First Earth Day – April 22. Millions of people gather in the United States for the first Earth Day. US Environmental Protection Agency established
  • The baked case

    The baked case
    A 35 years white man had applied for admission twice to the university of California for medecine. It was a unfair effort minirotiy profession. Then went to Supreme Court that he was excluded from admission solely on the basis of race.
  • 1989

    Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer entered into force
  • 1997

    The Kyoto Protocol was negotiated in Kyoto, Japan in December. Countries commit to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide
  • 2001

    U.S. rejects the Kyoto Protocol
  • 2017

    U.S. announces it will cease participation in the Paris Agreement on climate change mitigation
  • 2021

    U.S. announces it will rejoin the Paris Agreement on climate change mitigation