Chinese Immigration & African-American Emigration

  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    The Chinese Exclusion Act was signed by President Chester A. Arthur, providng an absolute 10-year moratorium on Chinese labor immigration. This act affected people who were born in China because it denied them citizenship and prohibited the immigration of Chineses Laborers to the United States.
  • Mob in Rock Springs, Wyoming Territory

    28 Chinese people were murdered in Rock Springs by a mob, who also drove out hundreds of other Chinese immigrants, in hopes to stop Chinese immigrants from coming to the United States. However, this did not completely stop Chinese immigration.
  • Immigration Restriction League

    The Immigration Restriction League was a anti-immigration organization founded by wealthy Bostonians who sought to impose a literacy test on all immigrants. However, this literacy test, and similar tests, were not enforced. These imposed restrictions did not stop immigrantion.
  • Extension of Chinese Exclusion Act

    After the Exclusion Act expired in 1892, it was extended "in the form of the Geary Act", and more restrictions were added. Chinese residents in the United States were required to register and obtain a certificate of residence.
  • Period: to

    The Great Migration

    During the time period between 1915 and 1960, about five million southern blacks moved to the north and west into cities, such as Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Portland, and Seattle, with a purpose of "escaping discrimination and difficult living and working conditions." The first movement took place during WWI, and over 450,000 blacks left the southern states. In the time period between 1940 and 1960 alone, over 3,300,000 blacks moved to the northern and western cities.
  • Brutal Racial Incident

    During the time period of the Great Migration, a brutal racial incident had occured in one of the northern states. In East St. Louis, Illinois, "white rioters rampaged through African American neighborhoods, leaving at least 39 dead."
  • Immigration Act of 1965

    This act afffected immigrants from outside the Western Hemisphere because it allowed a limit of 20,000 immigrants from any one country to enter the U.S., with a maximum of 170,000 immigrants total.