Chapter 12 Key Terms

Timeline created by JuanArriaga78
  • Adolf Hitler

    Adolf Hitler
    Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party. He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933, and as Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland on 1 September 1939.
  • Neutrality Acts

     Neutrality Acts
    laws passed in 1935, 1936, 1937, and 1939 to limit U.S. involvement in future wars
  • George Marshall

    George Marshall
    Army Chief of Staff General and "Organizer of Victory," who kept the flow of supplies to 8 million troops
  • Appeasement

    Appeasement in an international context is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid conflict
  • Victory Gardens

    Victory Gardens
    vegetable, fruit, and herb gardens planted at private residences and public parks in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and Germany to prevent shortage.
  • Flying Tigers

    Flying Tigers
    The First American Volunteer Group of the Chinese Air Force in 1941–1942 , was composed of pilots from the United States Army Air Corps, Navy, and Marine Corps, recruited under President Franklin Roosevelt's authority before Pearl Harbor and commanded by Claire Lee Chennault
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu. It has been long visited by the Naval fleet of the United States, before it was acquired from the Hawaiian Kingdom by the U.S. with the signing of the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875.
  • Tuskgee Airmen

    Tuskgee Airmen
    African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school, all black unit of fighter pilots.
  • Holocaust

    World War II genocide of the European Jews. Between 1941 and 1945, across German-occupied Europe, Nazi Germany and its collaborators systematically murdered some six million Jews, around two-thirds of Europe's Jewish population.
  • Douglas MacArthur

    Douglas MacArthur
    Commanded Allied troops in the Pacific during World War II
  • Rationing

    Rationing involved setting limits on purchasing certain high-demand items. people had a specific amount of food they could buy each week, and once an item was used up, they had to wait until they got a new ration book to buy more.
  • office of war information

    office of war information
    a federal agency established by President Roosevelt's Executive Order 9182 of June 13, 1942, to conduct the government's wartime information and propaganda programs.
  • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066
  • Bataan Death March

    Bataan Death March
  • Navajo Code Talkers

    Navajo Code Talkers
    Native Americans from the Navajo tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not desipher
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    U.S. naval victory over the Japanese that marked a turning point in World War II.
  • Vernon Baker

    Vernon Baker
    He was the only living black World War II veteran belatedly awarded the Medal of Honor in 1997.
  • Korematsu v. US

    Korematsu v. US
    1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans
  • George Patton

    George Patton
  • Dwight Eisenhower

    Dwight Eisenhower
  • Omar Bradley

    Omar Bradley
    Bradley commanded the US ground forces in on D-Day.
  • nuremberg trials

    nuremberg trials
    judges from the Allied powers—Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States—presided over the hearings of twenty-two major Nazi criminals. Twelve prominent Nazis were sentenced to death
  • Harry Truman

    Harry Truman
  • Hiroshima/ Nagasaki

    Hiroshima/ Nagasaki
    Two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end WWII