Coldwar nike1

Canada's Role in the Cold War

  • Quebec passes Padlock Law

    Quebec passes Padlock Law
    The law was intended to prevent the dissemination of communist propaganda. It allowed police to "padlock" all media companies that supported communism in any way whatsoever. If a person was found guilty in involvment, the could be put in jail for up to 13 months.
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    Gouzenko Affair

    On September 5, Igor Gouzenko left the soviet embassy with 109 secret documents. When taken by the police it proved that there was a spy network in Canada, America, and Britain. Was made public to the Cabnet on 5 Febuary
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    Berlin Blockade

    One of the first major international crisis. The Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal acess to part of Berlin. In response Western Allies create Berlin Airlift to carry supplies to the people in West Berlin. The soviets realized their embarrasment and took down the baracades.
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    Intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. It included Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Portugal, Italy, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland
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    Korean War

    War between the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Total War was from 1950 - 1953, but low scale was from 1953 to the present day. The north was ruled by Soviets, south by Americans.
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    Avro Aero

    Delta-winged interceptor aircraft, designed and built by Avro Aircraft Limited. Was halted after its first test flight. Had Mach 2 speeds. Intended to serve in the Royal Canadian Air Force.
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    Vietnam War

    The U.S. government viewed involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam. US invaded vietnam but were held and at the end there were huge losses. There were a lot of fatalities from the war as well.
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    The Suez Crisis

    Diplomatic and military confrontation between Egypt and Britain, France, and Israel. After Israel invaded Eygypt, Britain and France issued a joint ultimatum to Egypt and Israel.
  • Canadian Space Agency

    Canadian Space Agency
    In 1957, scientists and engineers at the Canadian Defence Research Telecommunications Establishment began work on S-27 aka the Topside Sounder Project. With the launch of Alouette 1 in September 1962 Canada became the third country to put a man-made satellite into space. The Canadian Space Agency was created in March 1989.
  • DEW

    The Distant Early Warning Line, also known as the DEW Line or Early Warning Line, was a system of radar stations in the far Located in the northern Arctic region of Canada, with additional stations along the North Coast and Aleutian Islands of Alaska, in addition to the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Iceland. It was set up to detect incoming Soviet bombers during the Cold War, and provide early warning of any sea-and-land invasion

    North American Aerospace Defense Command is a joint organization of Canada and the United States that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and defense for the two countries.
  • Sputnik 1 launched

    Sputnik 1 launched
    the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit. This led way to the space race. Burned up as it reentered the atmosphere 3 months later.
  • Pearson wins nobel prize

    Pearson wins nobel prize
    Won the prize for his role in defusing the Suez Crisis. United Nations Emergency Force was Pearson's creation. He is considered the father of the modern concept of peacekeeping.
  • Bomarc Missile Crisis

    Bomarc Missile Crisis
    Prime Minister Diefenbaker's Conservative government announced an agreement with the US to deploy in Canada 2 squadrons of the American ramjet-powered "Bomarc" antiaircraft missile. This controversial defence decision was one of many flowing from the 1957 NORAD agreement with the US. It was argued by some that the surface-to-air guided missile, with a range of 640 km, would be an effective replacement for the manned AVRO ARROW, which was also scrapped.
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    Cuban Missile Crisis

    Probably the closest time that the Cold war came to nuclear war. 13 days where. After provocative political moves and the failed US attempt to overthrow the Cuban regime. In May 1962 Nikita Khrushchev proposed the idea of placing Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba to deter any future invasion attempt.
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    Canada - Soviet hockey series

    Eight-game series of ice hockey between the Soviet Union and Canada. It was the first competition between the Soviet national team and a Canadian team represented by professional players of the National Hockey League (NHL), known as Team Canada. It was the first international ice hockey competition for Canada after Canada had withdrawn from international ice hockey competitions in a dispute with the International Ice Hockey Federation. The team arrived back in Canada October 1.
  • The fall of the Berlin Wall

    The fall of the Berlin Wall
    The wall was torn down but not fully demolished on this day. On 25 December 1989, Leonard Bernstein gave a concert in Berlin celebrating the end of the Wall.
  • Fall of the Soviet Union

    Fall of the Soviet Union
    This declaration acknowledged the independence of all fifteen republics of the Soviet Union following the creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States. On the previous day, 25 December 1991, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev had resigned, declaring his office extinct.