The Seven Years' War ended with signing the treaties of Hubertusburg and Paris. France lost all claims to Canada, Spain gained Louisiana, and Britain recieved Florida, Upper Canada.
Native American tribes from Ohio Country, Great Lakes, and Illinois Country who were dissatisfied with the results of the French and Indian War.
Proclamation of 1763
After the French and Indian War, the colonists issued a proclamation to concilate the Native Americans and prohibite settlers from encroaching on their land (moving west and above the Appalachian Mts.) to reduce colonial-native tensions.
Paxton Boys attack Pennsylvania Indians
57 drunken settlers attacked and slaughtered a group of 20 defenseless Susquehannock Indians that they suspected of pillaging and scalping.
To renew the Molasses Act of 1733 (which expired in 1763), the Britsh renewed the tax, to create a monopoly on sugar grown in the West Indies. It was the first tax created by the crown to raise revenue for the colonists.
The British Parliament ruled all printed materials must have a tax revenue stamp, which would be paid for from American revenue.
Passed in 1767 and 1768, the Townshend Act (named after Charles Townshend), were laws and taxes placed on tea, glass, paper, lead, paint, and oil.
Early in 1770, colonists fought and rebelled against British taxation laws. One morning, British soldiers shot and killed five people after the eruption of a mob on King Street.
When James Somerset was forcibly taken from England to the colonies, a decison ruled that slavery was contrary to natural law and principles of the English constituion.
Boston Tea Party
A political protest in Boston, MA in which angry colonists angered by taxes imposed by Britain dumped 342 chests of British tea into the harbor.
The Tea Act granted the dying British East India Company a monopoly on tea sales in the American Colonies.
First Continental Congress
12/13 colonies sent delegates in reaction to British laws created because of colonial resistance to new taxes (Coercive Acts). All but Georgia were present (who still relied on British military supplies due to a NA uprising).
Laws placed after the Boston Tea Party that were meant to punish the Massachusetts colonists for their acts of defiance.
Battle of Bunker Hill
At The Battle of Bunker Hill, the British defeated the Americans, however, there were many British casualties causing a morale boost for the Americans.
Battles of Lexington and Concord
The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military battles of the Revolutionary War.
Second Continental Congress
In Philadelphia, Penn., in May 1775, delegates from the 13 colonies met to manage and finance the colonial war efforts.
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine advocating for independence from Britain.
Decleration of Independence
A document adopted by the Continental Congress that severed the 13 colonies' political connections to Great Britain.
Battle of Trenton
On Christmas Day 1776, the Hessian army was crushed by Washington's men as they came across the Delaware River, giving the Americans a victory.
Battle of Saratoga
On Sept. 17, British General John Burgoyne achieved a small victory over Americans. On Oct. 7, Burgoyne was defeated and forced to retreat. This battle encouraged France to join the colonists as allies.
Treaty of Alliance
The Treaty of Alliance was signed by the American colonies and France to pledge alliance against Britain amidst the American Revolution.
Articles of Confederation
An agreement between the 13 colonies which described the role of government that was later replaced by the U.S. constitution.
Lord Cornwallis Surrenders to George Washington
British General Charles Cornwallis surrender 8,000 troops to French and American troops in Yorktown, ending the revolution in the American colonies.
Treaty of Paris (American Revolution)
The offical peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War. It was signed by America and Britian and recognized America as an independent nation, requiring all British troops to leave the territory.
The Newburgh Conspiracy was a plan created by the Continental Army officers to challenge the authority of the Confederation Congress, due to congress not financing their war efforts.
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
The Treaty of Fort Stanwix was signed between Native Americans of Iroquis tribes and Great Britain.
An uprising in Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays, the goal was to prevent the trial and imprisonment of debt ridden citizen.
12 delegates from 5 states (NY, NJ, PA, DE, and VA), met to discuss the inadequacies of the Articles of Confederation.
The point was to decide how America was to be governed and to revise the existing Articles of Confederation.
Adopted by Continental Congress, it was written to charter a gov't for the Northwest Territory, to admit new states to the Union from the territory, and listed a bill of rights guaranteed in the territory.
The Federalist Papers published
A collection of 85 essays to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution written by John Jay (5), James Madison (29), and Alexander Hamilton (51).
Election (inauguration) of George Washington
The nation's first inauguration came on April 30, 1789 for Gen. George Washington. Held in New York, this inaugurated Washington for his first of his two presidential terms. He was elected unanimously under the US constitution by 69 electoral votes.
Beginning of the French Revolution
The revolution ended feuds in Western and Eastern Europe and inspired the Enlightenment period.
Washington DC chosen as the capital
Washington DC was est. by the Constitution. Many different reasons why it was chosen.
Hamilton's First Report on Public Credit
Showed a fight for the entire government to have credit.
Bill of Rights ratified
After being ratified by Virginia, the first 10 amendments of the US Constitution became the law of the land.
The first bank of the US chartered
There was lots of debt following the Revolutionary War and every state had different types of money. To combat this, the first bank was chartered.
Hamilton's Report on Manufactures
Hamilton wanted the British to stop clutching manufacturing conflicts on the US.
A tax protest following a tax on whiskey and all distilled spirits, placed by President George Washington to pay for the war's debt. It was the first tax post-war.
Citizen Genet Affair
This deepened the divide in American administration and led to the creation of parties.
Battle of Fallen Timbers
US gained most of OH, IN, and MI from Native American tribes
The treaty solved unresolved issues between the US and Great Britain following the Rev. War.
The treaty pushed back Americans from expanding westward.
Election of John Adams
Influenced the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Rev. War, and acted as the first VP of the United States and second president.
Treaty of Greenville
It seperated land between Natives and other settlements making more room for settlers.
People turned against the French because of a bribe, this crosses with the Quasi War.
Quasi War with France
US and France have an alliance, but France attacks an American ship causing a dispute. Crosses with XYZ Affair
Alien and Sedition Acts
The laws made it possible to remove foreigners, and made it harder for immigrants to vote.
Judiciary Act of 1800
One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices. This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress
Election of Thomas Jefferson
Served as the second VP and third president of the US. He believed men should own land was the Founding Father who penned the Declaration of Independence.