AP World Timeline

  • Period: 224 to Jan 1, 650

    Sassanid Empire (Iran)

    The last pre-Islamic Persian Empire, ruled alongside the Roman Empire. Was succeeded by the Byzantine Empire.
    Zoroastrianism: religion based on good vs evil (dualality), created the existence of Heaven & hell, later used in Christianity. Spread on silk roads. Sassanid Empire Wikipedia
  • Period: 320 to 550

    Gupta Empire (India)

    Arayans came & spread Hinduism & limited Buddhism
    Women- rights were more resticted, create sati (widows burn themselves on the husbands funeral pyre)
    Did not have high taxes- weak military, decentralized, easily invaded by the Huns
    Called Golden Age for India due to political expansion
    More accomplishments in math & science than the Mauryans
    Caste system was basis for society
    Creation of Bronze Gupta Empire Wikipedia
  • 400

    Buddhism spreads along silk roads from India.

    Buddhism spreads along silk roads from India.
    When his journey to find the meaning of life had concluded, the Buddha realized that life is ruled by Four Noble Truths & following the Eight-Fold Path. Buddhism Wikipedia
  • Period: 570 to Jun 6, 632

    Life of the Prophet Muhammad

    Recieved revelations from Allah, formed basis of Islamic religion. Acted as a prophet, not a god himself. Related back to Judaism & Christianity, last prophet in line of prophets from these religions. Muhammad Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 600 to Jan 1, 900


    600: Teotihuacan or height of power.
    750: Teotihuacan destroyed.
    900: Mayan classical period ended.
    800-900: Many of the major urban centers of the Maya were abandonded or destroyed, although a small number of classic period centers survived for centuries. Mayans Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 618 to Jan 1, 907

    Tang Empire (China)

    Allowed buddhism to spread for a short time, then revoked this right
    Tributary system & used the Grand Canal Tang Empire Wikipedia
  • Jan 1, 632

    Schism in Islam

    Schism in Islam
    Split of Sunni vs Shia
    Sunni follow any leader that rises to power in Islam.
    Shia follow only direct decendants of Muhammad. Succession of Muhammad Wikipedia
  • Jan 1, 711

    Muslim invasion of Spain

    Muslim invasion of Spain
    Umayyad conquest begining in Gibraltar. Toppled the Visigothic Kingdom and then moved into France, winning the Battle of Tours in 732.
  • Period: Jan 1, 750 to Jan 1, 1258

    Abbasid Caliphate

    Followed the Umayyad and translated Greek writting to Arabic
    Golden Age of Islam
    Arabian Nights- progress in literature
    Creation of Umma & Ulama- Islamic community & people in it, Ulama is group of relgious scholars
    Abbasid Caliphate Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 960 to Jan 1, 1279

    Song Empire (China)

    Lots of technological advancements- water powered clocks, junks, gun powder, cannon, moveable type, astronomy developed, foot binding Song Empire Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Jan 1, 1291


    Series of religious wars sanctioned by the church and waged by the Holy Roman Empire for control of the Holy Land. Four main crusades:
    First Crusade 1095–1099
    Second Crusade 1147–1149
    Third Crusade 1187–1192
    Fourth Crusade 1202–1291 Results: opening of trade with Middle East, many Europeans remained in Middle East, cultural fusion Crusades Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to Jan 1, 1300

    Polynesian Expansion

    most likely began from the islands of Fiji, Tonga and Samoa, spreading east, south, and north, covering millions of square miles of ocean sparsely dotted with islands.Polynesians migrated throughout the Pacific in sailing canoes, ultimately forming a triangle, whose points are Aotearoa (New Zealand) to the southwest, Rapa Nui (Easter Island) to the east, and the Hawaiian Archipelago to the north
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Mound builders in Mississippian culture

    Mound builders in Mississippian culture
    Height of Mississippian culture. Mound Builders Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1206 to Jan 1, 1526

    Delhi Sultanate of India

    Example of violent Islamic takeover
    Introduced new water control systems
    Raziya- brief woman ruler
    Increased control over empire's outlying provinces & increased taxes
    Dehli Sultanate Wikipedia
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta (England)

    Magna Carta (England)
    Limited the rights of the king (King John) Magna Carta Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1230 to

    Mali Empire (Africa)

    Center of trade in Africa- lucrative gold & salt trade
    Example of peaceful spread of Islam Mali Empire Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1250 to Jan 1, 1521

    Aztec Empire

    1325: Aztecs began the construction of twin capitals, Tenochitlan and Tlatelolco.
    1500: Great inequalities in wealth and privilege characterized Aztec society.
    1502-1520: Montezuma II ruled Aztecs.
    1500: Island capital was designed so that canals and streets intersected at right angles.
    Tribute System: Human & Animal scrifices to the Gods Aztec Empire Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1271 to Jan 1, 1368

    Yuan Empire (China)

    Mongol Khanates- moved capital to Bejing
    Buddhism became prevelant
    Ruled by Khublai Khan
    Begining of the first corporations in China Yuan Empire Wikipedia
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Moscow emerges as capital of Russia

    Moscow emerges as capital of Russia
  • Jan 1, 1324

    Mansa Musa makes pilgrimage to Mecca

    Mansa Musa makes pilgrimage to Mecca
  • Period: Jan 1, 1337 to Jan 1, 1453

    100 Years War

    Between French King and Vassals, fighting over the throne.
    Result: French monarchy wins
    Joan of Arc- fought on the side of the french, Battle for city of Orleans, burned at the stake
    100 Years War Wikipedia
  • Jan 1, 1348

    Height of Bubonic Plague (Black Death)

    Height of Bubonic Plague (Black Death)
    Results: lower population, living conditions improve due to less overcrowding in cities Black Death Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1368 to

    Ming Empire (China)

    Return to traditional Chinese culture, moved capital to Nanjing. Closed off trade temporarily, but then Yongl reopened to trade and moved capital back to Bejing.
    Mingware- famous pottery from the time
    Zheng He- naval explorer for China Ming Empire Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1387 to Jan 1, 1417

    Great Western Schism

    Split creating Roman Catholic vs Eastern Orthodox
    -Priests head up Eastern Orthodox, Pope heads Roman Catholic Western Schism Wikipedia
  • May 2, 1398

    Timur sacks Delhi.

    Timur sacks Delhi.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1400 to


    Important People: DaVinci, Michaelangelo, Machiavelli wrote "the prince", Shakespeare, Dante- Dante's Inferno, Galileo & Heliocentric Theory, Copernicus- uses math to determine Helocenticity, Gutenberg- printing press Renaissance Wikipedia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1438 to Jan 1, 1533

    Incan Empire

    1430s: Strong political leaders undertook campaign of military expansion.
    1530: Height of Incan power, Cuzco had a population of less than 30,000.
    1525: Crisis, death of Incan ruler, Huavna Capac, bloody struggle for power. Civil War lead to demise. Incan Empire Wikipedia
  • May 29, 1453

    Fall of Constantinople

    Fall of Constantinople
  • Jan 1, 1462

    Ivan III becomes ruler of Russia

    Ivan III becomes ruler of Russia
    First to use the title Tsar
  • Jan 1, 1485

    Cortez explores mainland of South AM

    Cortez explores mainland of South AM
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Spanish Inquisition

    Spanish Inquisition
  • Period: Jan 1, 1502 to

    Safavid Rule in Iran

  • Jan 1, 1517

    Ottoman Empire conquers Egypt

    Ottoman Empire conquers Egypt
  • Period: Jan 1, 1519 to

    Protestant Reformation

    Martin Luther rejects the authority of the Pope and Christian belief based on the Bible (Calvanists emerge).
  • Jan 1, 1533

    Pizzarro conquers Incans

    Pizzarro conquers Incans
  • Period: Jan 1, 1540 to

    Scientific Revolution

    Major People: Copernicus, Galileo
    Sparked new ideas on Law & Nature Scientific Revolution Wikipedia
  • Jan 1, 1547

    Tsar Ivan IV

    Ivan the Terrible or Awesome transformed principality from second rate power to primary competitor with Central Asia.
  • Little Ice Age

    Little Ice Age
    Effects mainly Europe- decrease in agricultural production causes famine Little Ice Age Wikipedia
  • Dutch East India Company Established

    Dutch East India Company Established
  • Tokugawa Shogunate

    Military centralized government.
    Economic integration provided more trade routes.
    Increased isolationism.
  • Jamestown, VA Founded

    Jamestown, VA Founded
  • Period: to

    30 Years War

  • Plymouth Founded by Pilgrims

    Plymouth Founded by Pilgrims
  • Period: to

    English Civil War

  • Navigation Acts

    Navigation acts stated that English colonies could only trade with England.
  • British take New York from Dutch

    Taken by Duke of York.
  • Peter the Great

  • Period: to

    Age of Enlightenment

  • Atlantic System flourishes

    The Atlantic System was a triangle of trade between Europe, Africa, and the New World.
  • Period: to

    Laissez Faire

    The idea that government should refrain from interfering from economic affairs. Laissez-faire Wikipedia
  • Period: to

    American Revolution

    War for American independence from Britain due to unfair taxes and lack of representation.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Series of articles uniting North America as a confederation of independent states.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    1787: Assembly of notables
    1789: Storm of Bastille
    1791 - 1792: French War with Austria/Prussia, and Declaration of the Rights of Man
    1792 - 1794: Reign of Terror
    1793: Beheading of Louis XVI
  • Napoleon Bonaparte

    Brilliant young general in French army seized power.
  • Napolean invades Portugal and Spain

    Creating the start of Latin America's struggle for independence.
  • Period: to

    Rise of Juntas

    Popular movement to overthrow Spanish colonial powers in Venezuela, Mexico, and Peru. Revolutionary Juntas seize power and declare independence.
  • Congress of Vienna

    To re-establish political order in Europe, to recreate the balance of powers within the countries, central objective is to roll back the clock in France.
  • First steam powered locomotive.

    "Rocket" used less coal than any other steam powered machine. They became important for big cities because they were a cheap and fast way to travel.
  • Treaty of Nanking

    Treaty of Nanking
  • Period: to

    Taiping Rebellion

  • Period: to

    Crimean War

  • Italy Unified

  • Jim Crow laws and segregation

  • Spanish-American War

  • US women's right to vote

  • Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

    Sparks WWI
  • Period: to

    World War I

  • May 4th Movement

    Chinese student revolution.
  • Period: to

    Fascism in Italy

  • March to the Sea

    Led by Ghandi in protest of salt tarriffs.
  • Black Thursday

    Crash of the stock market.
  • Period: to

    World War II

  • D-Day

  • Period: to

    Juan Peron (Argentina)

  • Period: to

    Cold War

  • Period: to

    People's Republic of China

    Founded by Mao Zedong PRC Wikipedia
  • Period: to

    Korean War

  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Period: to

    Fidel Castro (Cuba)

  • Period: to

    Iran - Iraq war

  • Period: to

    Persian Gulf war

  • USSR falls