Annotated Timeline Unit 8. The Gilded Age

  • Knights of Labor Organized

    First important national labour organization in the U.S. Founded in 1869 by Uriah Smith Stephens as the Noble Order of the Knights of Labor, it included both skilled and unskilled workers, and it proposed a system of workers' cooperatives to replace capitalism. To protect its members from employers' reprisals, it originally maintained secrecy. Under Terence V. Powderly (1879 – 93) it favoured open arbitration with management and discouraged strikes. National membership reached 700,000 in 1886.
  • Standard Oil Company organized

    Standard Oil was a predominant American integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. Established in 1870 as a corporation in Ohio, it was the largest oil refiner in the world[6] and operated as a major company trust and was one of the world's first and largest multinational corporations until it was broken up by the United States Supreme Court in 1911.It revoluntionized the oil industry in the Gilded Age.
  • Tweed Scandal in New York

    Boss Tweed gathered a small group of men who controlled New York City's finances. They dispensed jobs and contracts in return for political support and bribes. Historians have never been able to tabulate the full extent to which the city's resources were drained. The amount was no less than $30 million and may have been as much as $200 million.
  • Comstock Law

    The Comstock Law, passed in the United States in 1873, was part of a campaign for legislating public morality in the United States. In reality, the Comstock Law was targeted not only at obscenity and "dirty books" but at birth control devices and information on such devices, at abortion, and at information on sexuality and on sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Compromise of 1877

    The compromise of 1877 was a compromise, in the House over the election of 1876 between (Republican) Rutherford B. Hayes and (Democrat) Samuel J. Tilden. The election of 1876 led to a draw due to the electoral college. Samuel J. Tilden received more of the popular vote, but he did not have a clear majority of electoral votes. Via the Constitution, the House then decides the winner of the election. The House had a compromise in 1877 which led to the end of Reconstruction.
  • Chinese Exclution Act

    The Chinese Exclusion Act marked the first time that the U.S. Congress passed a law to block immigration by a specific ethnic or racial group. The law ushered in a new period of American history that was defined by skepticism and occasional public hostility toward immigration, especially toward immigrants of non-European backgrounds.
  • Erection of the Statue of Liberty

    The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France to the United States in honor of America's centennial. It was unveiled to the public in 1886 and became a welcoming beacon to European immigrants entering the United States through New York Harbor.
  • Basketball Invented

    The invention of basketball has had a profound effect for those wise enough to exploit it's marketability basketball has made America famouse since it was created by a man who was asked by olympic athlets to make a indoor sport that was non contact and they could play that was very energetic.
  • Library of Congress Opens

    The Library of Congress is the research library of the United States Congress, de facto national library of the United States, and the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States. Located in three buildings in Washington, D.C., it is the largest library in the world by shelf space and number of books. The head of the Library is the Librarian of Congress, currently James H. Billington.
  • United States Steel Coorporation Formed

    When founded in 1901, United States Steel Corporation was the largest business enterprise ever launched, with an authorized capitalization of $1.4 billion. Throughout the years,U. S. Steel responded to changing economic conditions and new market opportunities through diversification and periodic restructuring. Today, over a century after its founding, U. S. Steel remains the largest integrated steel producer headquartered in the United States.