• The First Traditional Animated Short

    The First Traditional Animated Short
    French artist Émile Cohl is credited with the first ever animated film – 1908’s Fantasmagorie. The hand drawn film follows a stick figure running into morphing objects. Cohl made the film by drawing each frame on a piece of paper and shooting it on film. There are a few scenes in the film where Cohl’s hands are visible while taking the photograph.
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  • Oh Mabel

    Oh Mabel
    In 1924, brothers Max and Dave Fleischer released Oh Mabel, a seven minute animated short that used Phonofilm to sync sound and footage. It was the first animated film to have a talking character with synced dialogue – a dog shouting “Follow the ball, and join in, everybody!”
  • First Feature Length Cel-Animated Film

    First Feature Length Cel-Animated Film
    You can’t write about animation breakthroughs without including the 1937 animated film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Produced by Walt Disney, the film was a massive critical and commercial success.
  • The Multiplane Camera

    The Multiplane Camera
    To break away from the previously one-dimensional work of animation, Walt Disney devised a new machine dubbed the multiplane camera. The device was first tested in the 1937 short, The Old Mill.
  • Xerography

    In 1942, Chester Carlson developed an electrophotographic (or dry photocopying) technique later dubbed Xerography. (The term comes from the Greek xeros – dry and graphia – writing).
  • First Primetime Animated Television Show

    First Primetime Animated Television Show
    From 1960 through 1966, Hanna-Barbera produced The Flintstones for ABC – the first ever primetime animated show. It was the most financially successful animated franchise until the debut of The Simpsons. The Flintstones had the perfect blend of stone age comedy and 1960s family life.
  • A Computer Animated Hand

    A Computer Animated Hand
    In 1972, University of Utah researchers Ed Catmull and Fred Parke developed a computer animated short of Catmull’s left hand. A Computer Animated Hand used 350 triangles and polygons to create a 3D model. The model was then animated in a program created by Catmull himself.
  • First Live-Action and Cartoon Animation Feature Film

    First Live-Action and Cartoon Animation Feature Film
    1988’s Who Framed Roger Rabbit that a live action actor and an animated character would share the screen the entire time in a feature film. The film used blue screen technology to capture the actors, and the animated characters were added in using traditional cell animation techniques.
  • Computer Animation Production System (CAPS)

    Computer Animation Production System (CAPS)
    In 1989, the Computer Animation Production Systems, or CAPS, was tested on the finale of the feature film The Little Mermaid. CAPS was used to color the rainbow sequence at the end of the film. Following its success, CAPS was used to color the entire 1990 feature film The Rescuers Down Under.
  • First Computer Animated Feature Film

    First Computer Animated Feature Film
    The 1995 animated film Toy Story wasn’t only revolutionary in the fact that it was the first computer animated feature, it set up the computer animation workflow that has since been adapted for new technology.