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American History ll

  • The Indian Removal Act

    The Indian Removal Act
    The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by United States President Andrew Jackson. The law allowed the president to negotiate with Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory in exchange for settlement of their ancestral lands. The United States government stated that the Indian tribes could freely inhabit the Great Plains.
  • Gold discovered in California

    Gold discovered in California
    A carpenter named James Marshall discovered gold. At first the news of the discovery was kept secret but became known. People from the East flocked to California hoping to find gold and make profit. Those who arrived in 1849 became known as the “Forty-niners”
  • Lincoln elected President

    Lincoln elected President
    Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States, becoming the first Republican to win the presidency. Lincoln received only 40% of the popular vote but handily defeated the three other candidates. He won over Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, Constitutional Union candidate John Bell, and Northern Democrat Stephen Douglas, a U.S. senator for Illinois.
  • The First Battle of Bull Run

    The First Battle of Bull Run
    The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as the Battle of Manassas, marked the first major land battle of the American Civil War. Union and Confederate armies clashed near Manassas Junction, Virginia. The confederates won and gave the South confidence in winning the war.
  • The Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act
    President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act on May 20, 1862. In 1863, Daniel Freeman made the first claim under the Act, which gave citizens up to 160 acres of public land provided where they will live on, improve it, and pay a small registration fee. This Act offered anyone prepared to settle, land for free provided if they built a home and farmed the land for five years.
  • The Second Battle of Bull Run

    The Second Battle of Bull Run
    The Second Battle of Bull Run proved to be the deciding battle in the Civil War campaign waged between Union and Confederate armies in northern Virginia in 1862. After a long battle, the Union decided to retreat. The confederates, led by Robert E. Lee won the second battle of the bull run.
  • The 13th Amendment ratified

    The 13th Amendment ratified
    The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery “within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” Congress required former Confederate states to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment as a condition of regaining federal representation. Slavery was no longer a thing and the slaves had finally got what they deserved.
  • The Freedmen Bureau

    The Freedmen Bureau
    The Freedmen Bureau was created by Congress in March 1865 to assist for one year in the transition from slavery to freedom in the South. The Bureau was given "the supervision and management of all abandoned lands and the control of all subjects relating to refugees, under such rules and regulations as may be presented by the head of the Bureau and approved by the President." It was supposed to help blacks who couldn’t help themselves and even lowly whites who were struggling in life.
  • Lincolns Assassination

    Lincolns Assassination
    John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor, assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre in D.C. The attack came only five days after General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the American Civil War. Lincoln was carried to a boardinghouse across the street and placed him on a bed. When the surgeon arrived at the house, he concluded that Lincoln couldn’t be saved and would die during that night.
  • Grant elected President

    Grant elected President
    In the election, Grant won by an electoral margin of 214-80 and received more than 52 percent of the popular vote. He became the 18th president and became the youngest president-elect in U.S. history up to that time. He was did two terms as president and died to throat cancer.
  • The Home Insurance Building

    The Home Insurance Building
    The Home Insurance Building was a skyscraper that stood in Chicago from 1885 to 1931. It was designed by William Le Baron Jenney in 1884 and completed the next year. It is considered the world's first skyscraper and was completed in 1885.
  • Coney Island Amusement Parks

    Coney Island Amusement Parks
    The first enclosed amusement park was opened in Coney Island which marked the beginning of the spectacular amusement parks with bright lights, beautiful archways, and much more. This first park by Paul Boyton was called Sea Lion. This was the first park in which customers paid admission to enter the enclosure, ride the Shoot-the-Chutes, the Flip-Flap roller coaster, watch circus performers, and view trained sea lions in an artificial lagoon.
  • Plessy Vs. Ferguson

    Plessy Vs. Ferguson
    Plessy vs. Ferguson was a case that involved a man named Homer Plessy. The case came from an 1892 incident in which train passenger Homer Plessy refused to sit in a car for Black people. He had to be moved because of how stubborn he was. The things was that he was less than 1/4 African American. Because of this incident involving a violation of rights, the Supreme Court ruled that a law that “implies merely a legal distinction” between white and Black people was not unconstitutional.
  • The Grandfather Clause

    The Grandfather Clause
    The grandfather clause was a provision in which it applied was to future cases. In allowed anyone to vote if their grandfather was able to vote. It was a subtle way to make sure blacks couldn’t vote.
  • The USS Maine explodes

    The USS Maine explodes
    A huge explosion of unknown origin sinks the battleship USS Maine in Cuba’s Havana harbor on February 15, 1898, killing 260 of the fewer than 400 American crew members aboard. At the time many thought that the Spanish caused this explosion and because of this, it led to the Spanish-American War. Later on in 1976, a team of American investigators concluded that the Maine explosion was likely caused by a fire that ignited its ammunition stocks, not by a Spanish mine or act of sabotage.
  • Declaration of the Spanish-American War

    Declaration of the Spanish-American War
    On 25 April 1898, the United States Congress declared war upon Spain. The ensuing Spanish–American War resulted in a decisive victory for the United States and served as a transitional period for both nations. Spain saw its days as an empire fade and the United States saw the prospect of overseas empire emerge. The war was ended by the Treaty of Paris signed on December 10 that same year.
  • The Platt Amendment

    The Platt Amendment
    On March 2, 1901, the Platt Amendment was passed as part of the 1901 Army Appropriations Bill.[1] It stipulated seven conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish–American War, and an eighth condition that Cuba sign a treaty accepting these seven conditions. It defined the terms of Cuban–U.S. relations essentially to be an unequal one of U.S. dominance over Cuba