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American History

  • Pony Express Founded

    Pony Express Founded
    The Pony Express was a mailing system that delivered news and mail between St. Louis and San Francisco. They would ride horses and it took them about ten days to bring the mail. They started this so they would could have faster communication. Along the routes, they had stations to change horses so they wouldn’t get too tired. This was an extremely hazardous job and after the Transcontinental Telegraph was created, they didn’t need the Pony Express anymore.
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Battle of Fort Sumter
    This was the official start of the civil war. South Carolina was the first state to secede the union but the union had control over the fort so South Carolina’s government demanded they leave. Lincoln didn’t want to start the war so he waited for the south to make the first move and they eventually did by bombarding and firing at the fort. There were no casualties and the union surrendered the fort.
  • Homestead Act Passed

    Homestead Act Passed
    The Homestead Act was passed by the government to encourage American and immigrants to move West. It offered 160 acres of land free to anyone who agreed to live and improve the land for five years. They just had to be considered the head of a family or at least 21 years old. This helped poor families who couldn’t afford land in the East. This also gave unemployed workers a chance to find work in their own land.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    This battle is considered the “bloodiest single day of the war” with over 20,000 casualties. It was the south’s first attempt in invading the north. This battle was fought over three major fighting areas, the cornfield, the bridge, and the sunken lane. It resulted in a draw but the South had to retreat, so it gave Lincoln the win he needed to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • 13th Amendment Ratified

    13th Amendment Ratified
    This amendment was put into place to end slavery in the United States. Also to abolish involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. Congress passed his law during reconstruction so slaves would finally be free.
  • Freedmen’s Bureau Established To Aid Former Slaves During Reconstruction

    Freedmen’s Bureau Established To Aid Former Slaves During Reconstruction
    The Freedmen’s Bureau was established to provide food, clothing, jobs, medical care, and education to former slaves and poor white people. During reconstruction, they set up Freedmen’s Bureau School in the south for them to have an education. Many former northern abolitionists risked their lives to help southern freedmen. After the war, former slaves didn’t know what to do because they had nothing so this Bureau helped them.
  • Surrender at Appomattox

    Surrender at Appomattox
    This was the end of the Civil War. General Lee realized he had no choice but to surrender to General Grant. Grant was very generous with the surrender terms because no prisoners were taken, men could keep their horse and personal belongings. This was because Lincoln didn’t want to punish the south.
  • Andrew Johnson’s Impeachment

    Andrew Johnson’s Impeachment
    Johnson became President after Lincoln was assassinated. Even though he was President, Congress was way more powerful than him. They didn’t let him really have a say in anything. He was impeached because he removed Stanten, which broke the Tenure of Office Act. He couldn’t remove any cabinet members without Senate’s consent. In the Senate Trail, he was acquitted so he stayed and finished his term but he was a very weak president.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    The transcontinental railroad was the railroad that stretched from coast to coast. Two companies worked to complete the railroad the fastest. The Union Pacific Railroad started in Omaha, Nebraska and the Central Pacific Railroad company started in Sacramento, California. The railroad workers were mostly Irish or Chinese. The two companies ended up meeting in Promontory Point, Utah. The presidents of both railroads met in Promontory Point and swung at the last gold spike of the railroad track.
  • The Brooklyn Bridge Opened

    The Brooklyn Bridge Opened
    The Brooklyn Bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world at the time of its opening. It was designed by John Roebling but he died so his son Washington Roebling was chief engineer. But his wife Emily completed the bridge when he got sick. Emily Roebling was the first to cross the bridge when it completed. This bridge was a major symbol of American ingenuity and what Americans could accomplish.
  • Ida B. Well Won Her Lawsuit

    Ida B. Well Won Her Lawsuit
    Ida B. Wells was born as a slave in Mississippi and her parents were very active in the Republican Party. One day, she was riding a train from Memphis to Nashville and she bought a first-class ticket but was told to go the the “colored” car. She refused to move and in the process, she bit one of the crew. She later sued the railroad and won a $500 settlement. She went on to write about race and politics in the South.
  • The Statue of Liberty Completed

    The Statue of Liberty Completed
    The statue of Liberty is a symbolism of freedom and liberty. It was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. France gifted it to America because France helped America in ending the American Revolution. They made it out of copper but it rusted and turned green.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson Case

    Plessy v. Ferguson Case
    Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in a “whites only” section of a train because he refused to move. He sued and his case went all the way to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal as long as facilities were “separate but equal”. This ruling wasn’t overturned until the Brown v. Board of Education case in 1954.
  • Sinking of the Maine

    Sinking of the Maine
    President McKinley sent the battleship Maine to Cuba to protect American citizens and property. The USS Maine randomly exploded in Havana, Cuba Harbor. It killed 260 U.S. sailors. Most Americans thought it was Spain’s fault and this was the spark that started the war. Their rally cry became “Remember the Maine!”
  • Foraker Act Passed

    Foraker Act Passed
    The Foraker Act of 1900 gave Puerto Rican’s their own government. Puerto Rico is a territory that the United States a gained after the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were given American citizenship in 1917. But Puerto Rican’s can’t vote in the final election.
  • The Platt Amendment Passed

    The Platt Amendment Passed
    The Teller Amendment gave Cuba their independence in 1899 at the end of the War. But Cuba also had to sign the Platt Amendment. But this limited Cuba’s rights to make treaties and borrow money. It also gave the United States control of the naval base in Guantanamo Bay.
  • Women’s Suffrage Parade in Washington DC

    Women’s Suffrage Parade in Washington DC
    Ida B. Wells worked against launching, segregation, and for women’s rights. She marched in the Women’s Suffrage Parade in Washington DC. She wanted to show that women deserve just as many rights as men. But when she went to march in the front, the white woken told her she had to go to the back of the parade because that’s where the colored women were. She refused to go to the back and stayed marching in the front for women’s rights.