American history

  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The US Government decreed that the Indian tribes could freely inhabit the Great Plains. A Permanent Indian Frontier was established on the eastern edge of the Great Plains.
  • Inauguration of Lincoln

    Inauguration of Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln, candidate of the antislavery Republican Party, is elected president. As a result, 11 Southern states secede from the Union.
  • Battle of the ironclads

    Battle of the ironclads
    It was the first battle between two ironclad ships, the Monitor and the Merrimack. In the end neither side was declaired the winner. But this battle got nationwide attenion and also revolutionized how warships were build.
  • The Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act
    This Act offered anyone prepared to settle in the West 160 acres of land for free provided they built a home and farmed the land for five years.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam was the first battle of the war to take place on Northern soil. It was the the bloodiest day in the war, with a total of over 23,000 casualties including more than 4,800 killed.
  • Freedmen's Bureau established

    Freedmen's Bureau established
    In 1865, Congress established the Freedmen's Bureau to provide assistance to former slaves. Union Army general Oliver O. Howard was the Bureau's Commissioner.
  • Lee surrenders to Grant

    Lee surrenders to Grant
    After evacuating Richmond, Lee and his troops were surrounded, on April 7, Grant called Lee to surrender. On April 9, the two commanders met at Appomattox Courthouse, and agreed on the terms of surrender.
  • 13th Amendment ratified

    13th Amendment ratified
    In January 1865, the U.S. Congress approved the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, irrevocably abolishing slavery throughout the nation.
  • Transcontinental railroad completed

    Transcontinental railroad completed
    The transcontinental railway was completed. A ceremony, known as the ‘golden spike ceremony’ because a golden spike was used to join the East and West railways, was held at Promontory Point in Utah.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    Civil Rights Act of 1875
    This act prohibited discrimination in public accommodations, including inns, theaters, public conveyances on land or water, and "other places of public amusement."
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875 declared unconstitutional

    Civil Rights Act of 1875 declared unconstitutional
    The United States Supreme Court ruled in Civil Rights Cases of 1883 that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was unconstitutional. The Court ruled that the 14th Amendment prohibited states, but not citizens, from discriminating.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Segregation is legal as long as both segregated areas are equal.
  • Sinking Of The USS Maine

    Sinking Of The USS Maine
    United States Navy ship that sank in Havana Harbor contributing to the Spanish–American War in April.
  • spanish american war begins

    spanish american war begins
    the Spanish American war starts
  • spanish american war ends

    spanish american war ends
    The Spanish American war ends