American History 2

By Isaacco
  • Start of Civil War

    Start of Civil War
    The civil war started with an event called the Attack on Fort Sumter, on April 12, 1861. 7 states had seceded from the union while South Carolina was first. In this conflict, the union had men occupying Fort sumpter, on SC grounds, creating tension between Lincoln’s union and the newly seceded SC. Lincoln ends up supporting the men in fort sumpter forcing confederates to attack and force them out of the fort. Although none had died through the skirmish, the war had begun.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg was a head on, 3 day clash between the union army, led by General Meade, and the confederate army, led by General Lee. This battle clearly reigns supreme when it comes to overall death and destruction over all the battles the occurred in the war, with a total casualty count over an astounding 50,000. There were two battles standing out the most, one on the second day called Little round top, and the other on the last day called Pickett’s Charge. Ends with union win.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    On January 31, 1865 the 13th amendment was officially passed and approved by the House of Representatives. This specific amendment banned and abolished the act of the slavery within the United States of America, this act could be regulated and enforced by congress. This amendment also includes the term involuntary servitude and how that as well as slavery would not be permissible except as a punishment for crime.
  • End of Civil War

    End of Civil War
    The civil war ended at the Appomattox court house on April 9, 1865. General Lee was forced to come to terms and meet General Grant to put an end to the war and surrender to Grants superior forces. Through the hatred between both sides during the course of the war Grant gave Lee very generous and forgiving terms, allowing all the confederate men to keep their belongings and taking none as prisoners.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14 amendment was passed by the senate on June 8, 1866 but officially ratified on July 9, 1868. This amendment was granted to guarantee citizenship rights to all people born and naturalized in the United States. This gave blacks and former slaves absolute citizenship rights as well as the ability to have equal protection under the laws.
  • The Transcontinental Railroad Connects

    The Transcontinental Railroad Connects
    On May 10 of 1869 the CPR and UPR finally meet and fully connects the transcontinental railroad. This was a long lasting Job taking over 6 years to complete, and despite the bad weather and setbacks that took place during construction, the two tracks finally met in the middle at Promontory point Utah. Right as the Job was being finished, the two presidents of each railroad decided to drive the final last two golden spikes into the ground.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The 15th amendment was ratified on February 3, 1870 through congress after the war and as an act of and during reconstruction. This amendment gave all African American men the right to vote. Congress had the direct power to enforce this act through legislation, yet some in the south still aimed to defy the constitutional laws and discriminate against blacks. Woman were still not able and given right to vote.
  • Invention of Barbed Wire

    Invention of Barbed Wire
    On November 28, 1874 Joseph Glidden patented one of his more famous inventions barbed wire. Barbed wire was a type of wire lined fence with double strand spurs periodically twisted down the wire and throughout the fence, this type of fencing was a major replacement to the previous wood fences, as it was much easier to attain due to the scarcity of wood on these vast plains. This type of fencing was more more effective in keeping cattle contained.
  • Brooklyn Bridge Completed

    Brooklyn Bridge Completed
    On May 24, 1883 the Brooklyn bridge was finally completed, designed by none other than John Roebling. John was the main designer of the bridge and the one who formulated the plan of building it, his son Washington Roebling later became the chief engineer, and lastly Johns Wife Emily Roebling finished off the project and was the first one to walk across the bridge. This bridge when completed was the longest suspension bridge in the world and was a sign of americas ingenuity excellence.
  • Ida B. Wells Train Confrontation

    Ida B. Wells Train Confrontation
    On September 15, 1883 Ida B. Wells experienced one of the more life changing events in her life, just from one single confrontation on a train. On this day Ida had planned to board a particular train riding first class as that is what her ticket covered, but instead of going about her day she was told by the other white folk in the first class to go back to the colored section. As she refused, this incident became the major spark to start her career as a civil rights activist.
  • France Gifts America Statue or Liberty

    France Gifts America Statue or Liberty
    On July 4, 1884 France officially gifts the Statue of Liberty to America and presents it to the U.S ambassador remembering the friendship between France and the United States. And as it is gifted to the U.S. it becomes Frances gift commemorating the 100 year anniversary of the American Revolution. The statue was officially named “the Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World,” and was designed by Frederic Bartholdi.
  • Oklahoma Land Rush

    Oklahoma Land Rush
    The Oklahoma Land Rush took place on April 12, 1889 and involved a rush of white settlers to claim free land in Oklahoma. This land, previously owned my native Americans, was the last open land in the Oklahoma Indian territory and it was being given away virtually free by the government, all 2 million acres. As this free land was said to have been the last open land in America, it signified the end of the American frontier and officially closed it for good.
  • Plessy Deciding to Board White Only Section

    Plessy Deciding to Board White Only Section
    On June 7, 1892 Homer Plessy deliberately decided to buy a train ticket and to board in the white only section. At first glance to us we see no problem, but as it turned out Plessy happened to be 1/8 black and decided to make that known as he was on board the train. Ultimately, Plessy did this to prove a point and in the end he ended up being arrested and later sued taking this conflict all the way up to the Supreme Court.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court Ruling

    Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court Ruling
    On May 18, 1896 the Plessy v. Ferguson case had climbed its way all the way up to the Supreme Court and it had finally come time for a ruling that would face the issues at hand. The Supreme Court had made their ruling, it was a 7 to 1 majority ruling, with one Supreme Court Justice not participating, in favor of the separate but equal doctrine. And as a result of this, segregation stood as strong as ever, supported even by the Supreme Court, as long as both sides were “equal.”
  • The Explosion of the U.S.S. Maine

    The Explosion of the U.S.S. Maine
    On February 15, 1898 the beloved U.S.S. Maine ship exploded in Havana, Cuba harbor. Immediately due to the already held tension with Spain, Americans with no hesitation suspect Spain, and with a total of 260 American sailor's dead, America is ready for action. This event becomes one of the major sparks for the war, and leaves those back at home with the battle cry, “Remember the Maine.”
  • Congress Declares War on Spain

    Congress Declares War on Spain
    On April 25, 1898 congress officially declared war on Spain. Through hearing all the battle cries from heart felt Americans and the sailors fellow comrades, and seeing all the emotion and need for Justice displayed by the Americans from influence of yellow journalism, congress was forced to take action. As congress declared war, they lead off their advances with commodore Dewey leading a naval squadron into attack in Manila bay against Spain.
  • Battle of San Juan Hill

    Battle of San Juan Hill
    On July 1, 1898 the triumphant battle of San Juan Hill took place in Cuba. On this day, Theodore Roosevelt led a regiment known as the rough riders into a heroic victory at this battle. This battle was likely the most important land battle that took place during the war and was a significant victory for the U.S., it showed their outright dominance over Spain and their army and was one of the last battles to occur in this “splendid little war.” -John Hay