Alison Green World War II

  • Invasion of Manchuria

    he Japanese Kwangtung Army attacked Chinese troops in Manchuria in an event commonly known as the Manchurian Incident. Essentially, this was an attempt by the Japanese Empire to gain control over the whole province, in order to eventually encompass all of East Asia
  • Hitler Takes Power

    The July 31, 1932, election produced a major victory for Hitler’s National Socialist Party. On the basis of that victory, Hitler demanded that President Hindenburg appoint him chancellor and place him in complete control of the state.
  • Neutrality Acts

    The President, by proclamation, shall definitely enumerate the arms, ammunition, or implements of war, the export of which is prohibited by this Act. The President may, from time to time, by proclamation, extend such embargo upon the export of arms, ammunition, or implements of war to other states as and when they may become involved in such war.
  • Spanish Civil War

    Spanish Civil War
    The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict fought in Spain that began after a pronunciamiento (declaration of opposition) by a group of right-wing generals under the leadership of José Sanjurjo against the Government of the Second Spanish Republic. The rebel coup was supported by a number of conservative groups including the Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right, monarchists such as the religious conservative Carlists, and the Fascist Falange.
  • Japanese Invasion of China

    The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. From 1937 to 1941, China fought Japan with some economic help from Germany, the Soviet Union, and the United States.
  • German invasion of Czechoslovakia

    Hitler met secretly with his top military advisers in November and boldly declared that to grow and prosper Germany needed the land of its neighbors. He then caried out a plan to absorb Czechoslovakia into the Third Reich.
  • Munich Agreement

    The Munich Agreement was an agreement permitting the Nazi German annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland. It was negotiated at a conference held in Munich, Germany, among the major powers of Europe without the presence of Czechoslovakia. Today the Munich Agreement is widely regarded as a failed act of appeasement toward Nazi Germany.
  • Fall of France

    On June 5th, the Germans swung southwards and French resistance finally collapsed, although not without heavy fighting. The Government capitulated on June 25th.
  • Non-aggression Pact

    As tensions rose over Poland in August of 1939, Stalin suprised everyone by signing a nonagression pact with Hitler. The agreement was that fascist Germany and communist Russia would commit to never attack each other.
  • Invasion of Poland

    Invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the start of World War II in Europe. The invasion began on 1 September 1939, one week after the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, and ended on 6 October 1939 with Germany and the Soviet Union dividing and annexing the whole of Poland.
  • Battle of the Atlantic

    The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hitler ordered submarine raids against ships along America's east coast.
    (September 3, 1939 - May 8, 1945)
  • Invasion of Denmark/Norway

    On the 31st May, 1939, a Treaty of Non-Aggression was made between Germany and Denmark, and signed by the Defendant Ribbentrop. Hitler still invaded on April 9 1940.
  • Battle of Britain

    The Battle of Britain was the World War II air campaign waged by the German Air Force against the United Kingdom. The objective of the campaign was to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force (RAF),
  • Lend-Lease Act

    Lend-Lease Act
    The Lend-Lease Act was the program under which the United States of America supplied the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, China, Free France, and other Allied nations with materiel between 1941 and 1945. The Act effectively ended the United States' pretense of neutrality.
  • Atlantic Charter

    Atlantic Charter
    The Atlantic Charter was a pivotal policy statement first issued in August 1941 that early in World War II defined the Allied goals for the post-war world. It was drafted by Britain and the United States, and later agreed to by all the Allies.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States.
  • Doolittle's Raid

    Doolittle's Raid was the first air raid by the United States to strike the Japanese Home Islands (specifically Honshu) during World War II. The raid was planned and led by then-Lieutenant Colonel James "Jimmy" Doolittle, USAAF.
  • Battle of Midway

    The Battle of Midway was the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. The Battle took place from June 4-7, 1942.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    The Battle of Stalingrad was a major battle of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in southwestern Russia. It is the largest battle on the Eastern Front and was marked by its brutality and disregard for military and civilian casualties.
    The battle lasted from August 23, 1942 till January 2, 1943.
  • Operation Torch/North African Front

    Operation Torch/North African Front
    Operation Torch was the British-American invasion of French North Africa in World War II during the North African Campaign. The Soviet Union had pressed the U.S. and Britain to start operations in Europe and open a second front to reduce the pressure of German forces on the Soviet troops. Operation Torch ended in an allied victory.
    (November 8, 1942 - November 16, 1942)
  • Italian Campaign

    Italian Campaign
    The Italian Campaign of World War II was the name of Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe. It is estimated that between September 1943 and April 1945 about 60,000 Allied and 50,000 German soldiers died in Italy.
    (July 10, 1943 - May 2, 1945
  • D-Day

  • Liberation of France

    The Liberation of Frace took place during World War II from 19 August 1944 until the surrender of the occupying German garrison on 25 August. The Liberation of France started with an uprising by the French Resistance against the German garrison.
  • Battle of Leyte Gulf

    The Battle of the Leyte Gulf is generally considered to be the largest naval battle of World War II and, by some criteria, possibly the largest naval battle in history. It was fought in waters near the Philippine islands of Leyte, Samar from October 23-26 1944, between combined US and Australian forces and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • Battle of the Buldge

    was a major German offensive, launched toward the end of World War II through the densely forested Ardennes mountain region of Wallonia in Belgium. The initial attack by the Germans created a bulge in the Allied front line.
    (December 16, 1944 - January 25, 1945)
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    The Yalta Conference was the wartime meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization. The meeting was intended mainly to discuss the re-establishment of the nations of war-torn Europe.
    (February 4, 1945 - February 11, 1945)
  • Iwo Jima

    The battle was a major initiative of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. The Marine invasion, known as Operation Detachment, was charged with the mission of capturing the airfields on the island which up until that time had harried U.S. bombing missions to Tokyo. Once the bases were secured, they could then be of use in the impending invasion of the Japanese mainland.
    (Feb 19, 1945 - March 26, 1945)
  • Okinawa

    The Battle of Okinawa was fought on the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawa and was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War of World War II. The battle lasted 82 days and involved new campaign called "island hopping."
    (April 1, 1945 - June 21, 1295)
  • FDR's Death

  • V-E Day

    V-E Day
    V-E Day was the date when the World War II Allies formally accepted the unconditional surrender of the armed forces of Nazi Germany and the end of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich. Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany, celebrations erupted throughout the western world. From Moscow to New York, people cheered. In the United Kingdom, more than one million people celebrated in the streets to mark the end of the European part of the war.
  • Hiroshima

  • Nagasaki

    The second atomic bomb dropped on Japan was called Fat Man and was dropped on Nagasaki. By the end of the year, an estimated 200,000 people had died as a result of injures and radiation poisioning due to the atomic blasts.
  • V-J Day

    V-J Day
    V-J Day is a name chosen for the day on which the Surrender of Japan occurred, effectively ending World War II, and subsequent anniversaries of that event. After news of the Japanese acceptance and before Truman's announcement, Americans began celebrating "as if joy had been rationed and saved up for the three years, eight months and seven days since Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941."
  • Nuremberg Trials

    The Nuremberg Trials were a series of military tribunals, held by the victorious Allied forces of World War II, most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of the defeated Nazi Germany. The defendants at the trials included Hitler's most trusted party officials, government ministers, military leaders, and a powerful industrialists.
    (Trials were held November 20, 1945 - October 1, 1946)