History of ae

A Timeline of Events in American Education

  • Establishing of Education

    Establishing of Education
    The oldest school and first public school opened in America, the Boston Latin School is opened on April 23 1635. With a curriculum centered on humanities, the school was opened for upper class male students to learn characteristics that would lead them to prominent leadership positions.
  • Period: to

    Timespan of American Education

    It is during this period also known as the "Permissive Period" that other colonies in early America begin to open up public schools. The Massachusetts Bay colony had such an influence on the importance of education the other New England colonies soon followed.
  • Harvard College is opened

    Harvard College is opened
    What is now known as Harvard College, is opened in Newtowne (Cambridge) Massachusetts. This college was the first higher education institution to open in America.
  • Massachusetts Bay School Law

    Massachusetts Bay School Law
    In 1642 the Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay colony passed a law requiring that all children in the "New World" be taught to read, write and understand the principles of religion.
  • First Public Library

    First Public Library
    In November of 1698, the first public library in america is established in Charles Town, South Carolina. Two years after the opening of the library, the General Assembly of south carolina passes the first public library law.
  • The First English Acaemy

    The First English Acaemy
    In 1751, Benjamin Franklin helps to establish the first English Academy in Philadelphia. The curriculum is mostly organized upon a classical and modern influence. Courses taught included history, geography, navigation, surveying, modern and classical languages.
  • "the Laboring and the Learned"

    "the Laboring and the Learned"
    In 1779, Thomas Jefferson implements a two-track educational system. The different tracks are to outline the differences of the laboring and the learned.
  • First Acadmey for Girls opens in America

    First Acadmey for Girls opens in America
    In 1787 the Young Ladies Academy is opened in colonial Philadelhpia becoming the first girls academy in the New World.
  • Invention of the Blackboard

    Invention of the Blackboard
    Prior to the year 1801, teachers and instructors had no way of physically presenting the information neccessary for explanation of a lesson. James Pillans an early educator and advocate for compulsory education invented the blackboard by taking all of his students slates and putting them together along a wall to form the chalkboard.
  • Voting for School Committees

    Voting for School Committees
    In 1826 Massachusetts passes a lwa requiring that every town chooses a local school committee.
  • Public Schooling for All

    Public Schooling for All
    The state of Massachussetts passes a law in 1827 requiring that all towns that were inhabited by five hundred families or more to have public school open to all students. colonial Massachusetts was amongst many of the first places in the world to make education of young people an important factor and public responsibility.
  • The Age of the Common School

    The Age of the Common School
    From influence by educational reformers and their efforts to change the way American schools were being funded and ran, arose the "Age of the Common Schools." The reformers were about making changes in the school system due to unsatisfactory short school terms, poor attendance, and the lack of preparation of the school teachers and their uses of corporal punishment.
  • Horace Mann

    Horace Mann
    The newly formed Massachusetts State Board of Education names Horace Mann as its secretary. Once a former reformer nad educator, Mann worked to increaser funding for public schools and better training for teachers.
  • First Normal School

    First Normal School
    In 1839 Massachusetts opens the first "Normal School," which are state funded schools specifically designed for teacher educ ation. These schools were created after concerns of public school teachers not being adequately prepared or educated to teach in the schools.
  • School for the "feeble-minded"

    School for the "feeble-minded"
    In 1848 under the guidance of Samuel Gridley Howe, the first experimental school for the teaching and training of "idiotic" children is opened. This was the irst school of its kind and started a concentration of mental retardation services for children, it later became known as the " Massachusetts school for Idiotic and Feeble-Minded Youths.
  • Mandatory Attendance

    Mandatory Attendance
    After growing concerns of attendance, Massachusetts enacts the first mandatory attendance law. The law, better known as the "Compulsory education attendance Act of 1852", was designed to control the attendance of school aged children. This law made it mandatory for children between the ages of eight and fourteen to attend school for at least three months out of each year, and of the three months six weeks had to be consecutive.
  • Boston Public Library

    Boston Public Library
    On March 20th, 1854, under enactment of the Great and General Court of Massachusetts, th Boston Public Library is opened. The Boston Public Library is the first largest free municipal library in the United States of America.
  • Kindergarten

    In 1856, the first kindergarten in the United States is opened in Wisconsin. Founded by Margarethe Schurz, the program was created to seperate younger students from the older students due to concerns of the different age groups taking in information at the same pace.
  • National Teachers Association

    National Teachers Association
    Now known as the National Education Association, the NTA was founded by educators from Philadelphia. The association in the beginning served primarily as a society for the male school leaders to discuss policy and curricular issues.
  • The Department of Education is born

    The Department of Education is born
    To help create more effective school systems the Department of Education is established. It's purposes wer to collect information on schools and teaching that would in turn bring about better methods of teaching and stronger curriculums.
  • American Federation of Teachers

    American Federation of Teachers
    Founded by several groups of teachers from Chicago, they focused their efforts onriginally on the labor movement, avoiding the more popular political aggressions and confrontations that other institutional organizations had grown to be involved in.