Revolutions

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    Thomas Hobbes

    Tried to separate knowledge from faith. Religion should be separate from politics.
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    Jhon Locke

    • natural rights -limited power to the king
    • social contract between the people and the government -freedom of religion
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    Baron de Montesquieu

    The goverment should be broken down
    into three braches
    one brach has control over another
    sepertaion of power and checks balances
  • English Bill of rights

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    Voltaire (1694-1778)

    things must be explained logical and reasonbly
    fought agnist tolerance, tyranny and superstition
    - freedom of thought and respect for invisual
    -aganist any form of relgion
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    Benjamin Franklin 1706-1790

    single legisiature with and advisory board
    -slavery was morally wrong and should be abloshed
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    Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1712-1778

    -individual rights
    -individual freedom
    -majority rule
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    Adam Smith (1723-1790)

    Individual freedom
    modern economics
    charity was a virtrous act but society should not depent on it
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    Cesare Beccaria

    death penalty & belived torture was wrong
    - educational reduces crime rates
    -right to speedy fair trial
    punishment should fit the crime
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    Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

    Individuas freedom and rights should be protected by the goverment
    -everyone should be able to get an education
    -dint want a goverment with to much power
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    Father Hidalgo (1753-1811)

    freeing mexico from the harsh rule of foreginers
    -marcheq through the street of mexico
    -the was capture and the shot
    -fought for mexican independece
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    Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)

    -rights of women
    -Inequalities in education
    -equal treatment of all human beings
    -people should be judged on individual merit and moral virute
  • Seven Years’ War Peace Treaty between Great Britain and France (BR/FR)

  • Stamp Act passed by British Parliament (BR)

  • Repeal of Stamp Act (BR)

  • Townsend Act, new revenue taxes on North American colonists (BR/US)

  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre was the killing of five colonists by British regulars on March 5, 1770. It was the culmination of tensions in the American colonies that had been growing since Royal troops first appeared in Massachusetts in October 1768 to enforce the heavy tax burden imposed by the Townshend Acts.
  • Riots in Boston met with violence by British troops (US)

  • Tar and Feathering

    was a punishment that went back to the Middle Ages with Richard the Lionhearted and the Crusades.
  • The Gaspee Incident (1772)

    The British tried to gain more control over the colonies. Then British began to directly pay the governors' salary, rather than being paid by the colonies. The British hoped that by paying the governor's salary, they would eliminate the colonies ability to control the governor by withholding salary. The colonies saw this as another step to put them under British control, and to eliminate their freedoms.
  • Committees of Correspondence

    Special committees of correspondence were formed by the colonial assemblies and various lesser arms of local government. The committees were responsible for taking the sense of their parent body on a particular issue, committing it to a written form and then dispatching that view to other similar groups.
  • Boston Tea Party (US)

  • Tea Act (1773)

    The Tea Act, passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773, that started a move to revolutionary movement in Boston. the act did not raise revenue in the American colonies. but it prop up the East India Company which was suffered financially with 8 million pounds of unsold tea.
  • First Continental Congress (US)

  • The Coercive or IntolerableActs (1774)

    After the french and indian war the British Government decided to take benfints from the colonies. Colonies were pounded with greater taxes without any say in Britain. This had soon lead to the Boston Tea Party. In act back Coercive Acts to Bring the colonies to the heal of the King
  • The Quebec Act (1774)

    Parliament passed the Quebec act, on the heels of the coercive acts. a intentioned measure was made to afford greater rights to the French inhabitants of Canada
    in 1763 British rule through the Treaty of Paris leading In the successful years,
  • First Continental Congress (1774)

    First Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia's Carpenters Hall on September 5, 1774. The meeting was plan in advanced by Benjamin Franklin but failed to get support from Port of Boston
  • The British Are Coming . . .

    In 1774 and the Spring of 1775 Paul Revere was employed by the Boston Committee of Correspondence and the Massachusetts Committee of Safety as an express rider to carry news, messages, and copies of resolutions as far away as New York and Philadelphia.
  • The Shot Heard ’Round the World!

    The first shots starting the revolution were fired at Lexington, Massachusetts. On April 18, 1775, British General Thomas Gage sent 700 soldiers to destroy guns and ammunition the colonists had stored in the town of Concord, just outside of Boston. They also planned to arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock, two of the key leaders of the patriot movement.
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    American reveloution

  • The Second Continental Congress(1775)

    Before adjourning in late October 1774, the First Continental Congress had provided for reconvening at a later time if circumstances dictated. The skirmishes at Lexington and Concord in April 1775, and the gathering of an American army outside of Boston provided sufficient impetus to assemble the delegates at the State House in Philadelphia. The first meeting convened on May 10, 1775, the same date as the American capture of Fort Ticonderoga.
  • Declaration of Independence (US)

  • Declaration of Independence (1776)

    The most important resolution to emerge from John Hancock’s Presidency is the Declaration of Independence. Our editors have recommended concision on each of these chapters but this is unfathomable due to the Declaration of Independence. In the spirit of brevity a summary has been developed on the Declaration’s History and its early printings.
  • American and French representatives sign two treaties in Paris: a Treaty of Amity and Commerce and a Treaty of Alliance. (US/FR)

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    Simón Bolívar (1783-1830)

    -strong central goverment
    -political power should be devided among diffrent braches of government
    -power not duvuded = too strong
    -no votting until they were educated
  • Ratification of Constitution of the United States of America (US)

  • Estates General convened for the first time in 174 years in France

  • Estates General convened for the first time in 174 years in France

  • Storming of the Bastille, prison (and armory) in Paris (FR)

  • National Constituent Assembly and French Declaration of the Rights of Man (FR)

  • Beheading of King Louis XVI (FR)

  • Beheading of King Louis XVI (FR)

  • Slave rebellion in Saint Domingue (Haiti)

  • U.S. Bill of Rights ratified by states (US)

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    French Revolution

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    Haiti Revolution:

  • French National Assembly gives citizenship to all free people of color in the colony of Saint Domingue. (FR/ Haiti)

  • France declares war on Austria (FR)

  • France declares war on Great Britain (BR/FR)

  • All slaves on Saint Domingue emancipated by the French revolutionary authorities to join the French army and fight against the British (Haiti)

  • Toussaint leads troops against the British (Haiti)

  • French colonial forces defeated by Toussaint (Haiti)

  • Toussaint negotiates peace with the British (Haiti)

  • War ends between Great Britain and France (BR/FR)

  • Constitution for Haiti

  • General Leclerc sent by Napoleon to subdue colony and re-institute slavery (FR)

  • New declaration of war between Great Britain and France (BR/FR)

  • French withdraw troops; Haitians declare independence (Haiti)

  • Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France

  • Jean-Jacques Dessalines crowns himself emperor of Haiti (Haiti)

  • British end the slave trade (BR)

  • Declarations of self-government in most Latin American colonies (Latin America)

  • French expelled from Spain. (FR)

  • Napoleon defeated and French empire reduced in Europe to France alone (FR)

  • French abolish slave trade (FR)

  • U.S. President Monroe declares doctrine against European interference with the new republics in the Americas, known as the Monroe Doctrine. (US)

  • Thomas Paine: Common Sense

    Published anonymously by Thomas Paine in January of 1776, Common Sense was an instant best-seller, both in the colonies and in Europe. It went through several editions in Philadelphia, and was republished in all parts of United America. Because of it, Paine became internationally famous.
  • Declaration of Independence