Unit 2 E.C. timeline

  • FDR Elected 1932

    FDR Elected 1932
    FDR was running against Herbert Hoover, who had a bad chance of winning because of how he handled the Great Depression. This was importand because this election was like a realignment in the U.S. and hopefully the right decision would steer us ont the path again.
  • Hitler nominated Chancellor

    Hitler nominated Chancellor
    Hindenburg nominated Hitler Chancellor. Although the Nazis never captured more than 37 percent of the national vote, Hitler and the Nazis set out to to consolidate their power. With Hitler as chancellor, this was a very easy goal.
  • 1935 Neutrality Act

    1935 Neutrality Act
    The 1935 Neutrality Act imposed a general embargo on trading in arms and war materials with all parties in a war. It also declared that American citizens traveling on warring ships traveled at their own risk. The act was set to expire after six months.
  • Nuremburg Laws

    Nuremburg Laws
    -Jews not allowed to marry german Citizens
    -no sexual intercourse between Jews and German Citizens
    -Jews cannot hire female citizens under the age of 45 as domestic workers.
    -Jews cant display a flag of the Reich or germany, but they can display the jewish colors, and this right is protected by the state
  • 1936 Neutrality Act

    1936 Neutrality Act
    The Neutrality Act of 1936 renewed the terms of the 1935 act for another 14 months. It also banned all loans or credits to nations in war.
  • re-occupation of the Rhineland

    re-occupation of the Rhineland
    Hitler ordered troops into the Rhineland, despite the terms of the versailles treaty. France did not react. this is important because it made Hitler look like a hero.
  • The start of the Spanish Civil War

    The start of the Spanish Civil War
    The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict fought in Spain from 17 July 1936 to 1 April 1939. It began after an attempted coup d'état by a group of Spanish Army generals against the government. This is important because Germany was fueling the civil war, hoping the fascist dictator will win.
  • 1937 Neutrality Act

    1937 Neutrality Act
    The Neutrality Act of 1937 included the terms of the previous acts and had no expiration date, and extended them to cover civil wars as well. U.S. ships were prohibited from transporting any passengers or articles to warring nations, and U.S. citizens were forbidden from traveling on ships of warring nations.
  • The Rape of Nanking

    The Rape of Nanking
    The Nanking Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking, is a mass murder and war rape that occurred during the six-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanking.
  • Germany invades Austria

    Germany invades Austria
    The only member of the austrian government left (everyone else resigned) Seyss-Inquart invited German troops into Austria. Hitler entered Vienna in triumph.
  • Munich Pact

    Munich Pact
    This is a pact between England and Germany. it states that germany could take the Sudetenland, as long as it stops taking over countries afterwards. Hitler signs it, but does not comply. he soon after invades te rest of Czechoslovakia. *This is one of the 5 extra events*
  • Invasion of the Sudetenland

    Invasion of the Sudetenland
    There was a partof Czechoslovakia that 2/3 of the population were jews. because of this, Hitler invaded that area and annexed it.
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    Kristallnacht, or the Night of Broken Glass, was a series of attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria
  • Neutrality Act 1939

    Neutrality Act 1939
    The Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937 were repealed, American citizens and ships were banned from entering war zones designated by the President, and the National Munitions Control Board (which had been created by the 1935 Neutrality Act) was charged with issuing licenses for all arms imports and exports.
  • Invasion of Czechoslovakia

    Invasion of Czechoslovakia
    After annexing the Sudetenland, Germany wanted to annex the rest of Czechoslovakia. He Invaded Czechoslovakia despite the munich pact made with Chamberlain. *this is one of the 5 extra events*
  • Soviet-Nazi Non Agression Pact

    Soviet-Nazi Non Agression Pact
    This agreement stated that the two countries would not attack each other. If there were ever a problem between the two countries, it was to be handled amicably. The pact was supposed to last for ten years; it lasted for less than two. *this is one of the 5 extra events*
  • Germany invades Poland

    Germany invades Poland
    The Polish invasion was an invasion of Poland by Germany and the Soviet Union. The invasion began on. Germany and the Soviet Union divided and annexed the whole of Poland.
  • Britain/France declare war

    Britain/France declare war
    Great Britain & France declared war on Germany because Germany invaded Poland September 1. Great Britain & France had a treaty with Poland that stated if a nation invaded any of the three treaty nations, it was the same as invading all three nations. So when Germany invaded Poland, it was as if Germany had invaded Great Britain & France also.
  • Cash & Carry Policy

    Cash & Carry Policy
    This policy was created by FDR. it states that we can sell war supplies to warring nations, but the country must pick them up themselves and pay in cash. *this is one of the 5 extra events*
  • Start of Blitz on England

    Start of Blitz on England
    The Blitz was the sustained bombing of Britain by Nazi Germany. The Blitz hit many towns and cities across the country, but it began with the bombing of London for 76 consecutive nights. By the end of May 1941, over 43,000 civilians, half of them in London, had been killed by bombing and more than a million houses were destroyed or damaged in London.
  • Tripartite Pact

    Tripartite Pact
    The Tripartite Pact was a pact signed in Berlin, Germany. This established the Axis Powers of World War II.
  • Lend-Lease Act

    Lend-Lease Act
    This act meant that we provide war supplies to allied nations and get paid later. We provided over $50 million in war supplies by the end of the war.
  • Operation Barbarossa begins

    Operation Barbarossa begins
    This was Germany's operation to invade Russia. this was the largest land invasion in history. The plan was to take Leningrad in the north, Moscow in the center, and Stalinngrad in the South. Thier goal was to complete this before the winter. Russia lost 2.5 million lives.
  • Atlantic Charter

    Atlantic Charter
    The Atlantic Charter was a statement agreed between Britain and the United States of America. It was intended as the blueprint for the postwar world after World War II. this turned out to be the foundation of present day foreign relations.
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Attack on Pearl Harbor
    The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military attack from the Japanese Navy agains the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The next day the United States declared war on Japan resulting in their entry into World War II.
  • Manhattan Project Begins

    Manhattan Project Begins
    Manhattan Project was the group or team that was in charge of designing nuclear bombs. they came up with multiple designs and multiple bombs. This project was important because it was the foundation of the plan that ended the war in the pacific.
  • Wannsee Conference

    Wannsee Conference
    The Wannsee Conference was a meeting of senior officials of the Nazi German regime, held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee. the importance of this Confrence was that 'the final solution' for jews was created here.
  • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066
    This Executive order authorized the Secretary of War to prescribe certain areas as military zones. Eventually, it cleared the way for the relocation of Japanese Americans to internment camps.
  • The Battle of Midway

    The Battle of Midway
    The Battle of Midway is the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. the United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy attack against Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad. Germany had an embarassing loss, by being trapped in the middle of Stalingrad cut off from supplies The battle marked the turning of the tide of war in favor of the Allies.
  • Battle of Normandy

    Battle of Normandy
    Invasion of Beach in normandy. Part of operation: Overlord. The plan was to push back Germans out of France. The battle was won by the allies.
  • Yalta Confrence

    Yalta Confrence
    One of the first peace conferences with FDR, Churchill, and Stalin. Some ideas for Post-war resolutions were drafted.
  • Battle of Iwo Jima

    Battle of Iwo Jima
    The Battle of Iwo Jima was a battle in which the United States fought for and captured Iwo Jima from Japan. The U.S. invasion was charged with the mission of capturing the three airfields on Iwo Jima. The battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign of World War II.
  • Battle of Okinawa

    Battle of Okinawa
    The Battle of Okinawa was fought on the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawa and was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War.The 82-day-long battle lasted from early April until mid-June, 1945.
  • FDR Death

    FDR Death
    FDR had a Memorrage in the back of his brain which caused him to die. This was the end of an era.
  • Hitler Dies

    Hitler Dies
    Hitler Kills himself with a cyanide capsule and a shot to the head. He also gives his new wife and dog a capsule to kill themselves. This shows how hitler was afraid to be humiliated with the loss of war.
  • Fall of Berlin

    Fall of Berlin
    The Battle of Berlin was the final major offensive of the European Theatre of World War II and was conducted by the Red Army.
  • End of war in Europe

    End of war in Europe
    News of the surrender broke in the West on May 8, and celebrations erupted throughout Europe. In the United States, Americans awoke to the news and declared May 8 V-E Day.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    This Confrence Sealed the deal with who get what land, who pays for reparations, etc.
  • Bombing of Nagasaki

    Bombing of Nagasaki
    The original plan was to Drop the bomb in Kokura, but there were some problems between following planes. the bomb was dropped at 11:01 right in the center of the industrial part of nagasaki. there were over 80,000 deaths by the end of the war.
  • End of Pacific War

    End of Pacific War
    Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay and Truman declares the day VJ Day.
  • Nuremburg Trials

    Nuremburg Trials
    These were the trials of the top 22 Nazi officials for various war crimes. there were other small war crimes and crimes against humanity too. This was important because it was like the punishment of Germay, in addition to the terms created at the Potsdam Conference.