Olivia and Evan WWII Timeline

  • Benito Mussolini and facism

    Benito Mussolini and facism
    -Italian leader who established a totalitarian regime in Italy
    -A totalitariun government is one that has complete control over the citizens
    - He had begun to advertise his rights for power for war veterans to fight for politicain in 1919.
  • Period: to

    World War II

    This timeline consists of all the key events of World War II.
  • Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party

    Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party
    -Extreme Nationalism and Racism
    -Militeristic Expansion
    -Forceful leader
    -Private properties with strong government control
  • Joseph Stalin and Communism

    Joseph Stalin and Communism
    -Joseph Stalin took control of the Soviet Union in 1924
    -He was iron-willed and began an agricultural and industrial restructuring that trampled the rights of the people.
    -Also wanted to establish a totarian government for Russia
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    Kellogg-Briand Pact
    -Also called the Pact of Paris
    -Multi-National treaty that prohibited the use of war
    -concluded outside the League of Nations, and remains a binding treaty under international law
    -Still is in effect in the U.S.
  • Franklin Roosevelt

    Franklin Roosevelt
    -Won presidental election in 1932
    -Opened many deals to help the US get out of the Great Depression
    -Served more than one term in presidency
    -First New Deal opened many jobs for the people, and was opened by FDR
  • Holocaust (anti-Semitism)

    Holocaust (anti-Semitism)
    -Genocide of 6 million Jews during WWII
    -More than just Jews were killed. Many Gypsies and homosexuals suffered as well
    -Systematic of the murder of millions of minority poeple
    -11 to 17 million Holocaust victims
  • Neutrality Acts

    Neutrality Acts
    -Imposed a general embargo on trading in arms and war materials with all parties of war
    -It also declared that American citizens traveling on ships, travel at their own risk
    -Was to expire after 6 months, but got renewed
  • Troop build up in Ethiopia

    Troop build up in Ethiopia
    -Ethiopia had been occupied by Italy in 1936
    -Caused problems for the League of Nations
    -WWII Ethiopian forces combined with British troops to liberate Ethiopia
  • Fransico Franco

    Fransico Franco
    He was the leader of Spain during the Spanish Civil War. He claimed that Spain was a place to stop Facism. Hitler and Mussolini supported him with troops.
  • Quarantine Speech

    Quarantine Speech
    FDR's Quarantine Speech -Given by FDR
    -Calling for international quarantine of the aggressor nations
    -Intensified isolationist mood and caused protest
  • German troops march into Austria

    German troops march into Austria
    -Hitler had German troops march into Austria
    -Bases this action on an alleged call for help by Authur Seyss-Inquart
    -Nearly 100% of voters voted yes in a plebiscite
  • Munich Pact

    Munich Pact
    Munich Pact -The purpose was to discuss the future of Sudetenland int he face of territorial demand made by Adolf Hitler
    -Signed by Nazi Germany, France, Britain, and Italy
    -Allowed Germany to take over all of Czechoslokia
  • Winston Churchill- "Appeasement"

    Winston Churchill- "Appeasement"
    -Didn't share sediments with Churchill
    -Churchill's political rival, Chamberlin, adopted appeasement, which gives up principles to pacify an aggressor
    -Churchill opposed this policy and gave a formal warning
  • Krisallnacht

    -Also called "Crystal Night" or the "Night of the Broken Glass"
    -Anti-Jewish program in Nazi Germany
    -Triggered by the assassination in Paris, followed by persecutions
    -Nazis smashed windows of Jewish businesses and blamed them
  • The Battle of the Atlantic

    The Battle of the Atlantic
    -Was the longest continuous military campaign of World War II
    -Though some say it was a series of naval campaigns and offensives
    -The Battle of the Atlantic pitted U-boats and other warships of the German Navy (Kriegsmarine) against Allied convoys
  • Nonaggression Pact

    Nonaggression Pact
    -Agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war
    -Signed between Soviet Union and Germany
    -Also signed 2nd pact secretly to divide Poland between them
    -Allowed Soviet Union and Germany to conquer some nations without hostile reactions towards one another
  • Blitzkrieg

    -Translate to English as "Lightning War"
    -Military strategy that enabled Germans to take over enemies by surprise
    -Very successful tactic in eliminating the opposition
  • Soviets invade Finland

    Soviets invade Finland
    Soviets invade Finland
    -NIcknamed the "Winter War"
    -Finland ceded 11% of its pre-war territory and 30% of economic assets to the Soviet Union
    -Ssoviets did not accomplish total conquest, but gained sufficient territory
  • Germans invade Denmark and Norway

    Germans invade Denmark and Norway
    -Envoys informed the government of Denmark and Norway
    -Wehrmacht had come to protect the country's neutrality against Franco-British aggression
    -Opposite climates between two countries made military operations dissimilar
  • Germany and Italy invade France

    Germany and Italy invade France
    -Germans cut off and surrounded allied units
    -Advanced into Belgium
    -Plan was to avoid a two-front war
    -Many lives were lost in this devastating war
    -Served as an example to many countries for the imperialism going on in Germany
  • The North African Front

    The North African Front
    -Included campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts (Western Desert Campaign also known as the Desert War)
    -The campaign was fought between the Allies and Axis powers
    -The Allied war effort was dominated by the British Commonwealth and exiles from Germany
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    -Hitler was mainly focused on the possibilities of invading the Soviet Union
    -British public and political sediment favored a negotiated price with ascendant Germany
    -The majority of Winston Churchill's Cabinent refused to consider an armistice with Hitler
  • Axis Powers

    Axis Powers
    -Comprises of the countries opposed to the allies in WWII
    -These countries are: Germany, Japan, and Italy
    -Military alliance on the signing of the Tripartite Pact
  • Selective Service & the G.I.

    Selective Service & the G.I.
    -The United States maintains information on these potentially subject to military conscription
    -Males between 18-25 are required by law to register within 30 days of their 18th birthday
    passed by 65th US Congress
    G,I.'s were US Army members subjected and placed under this service
  • The election of 1940

    The election of 1940
    -Franklin Roosevelt elected for his 3rd term
    -Promised no foreign wars if re-elected
    -Built strong support from Labor Unions
  • Concentration Camps (genocide)

    Concentration Camps (genocide)
    -Defined as: the prisonment or confinement of people
    -Many Jews were over-worked and died at these camps
    -Intended first only to hold political prisoners
  • Atlantic Charter

    Atlantic Charter
    -Public statement agreed between Britain and the United States
    -Intended as a blue print for post-war
    -Post-war independence for Britain and France posessions
  • Lend-Lease

    -U.S. supplied Allied Nations with war materials
    -$50.1 billion war supplies were shipped
    -Most supplies were shipped to Britain. $31.4 billion
  • A. Phillip Randolph

    A. Phillip Randolph
    -A prominent twentieth-century African-American civil rights leader
    -The founder of both the March on Washington Movement and the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
    -Randolph emerged as one of the most visible spokesmen for African-American civil rights
  • Germans invade Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg

    Germans invade Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg
    -Hitler ordered Germans to begin preliminary planning for invasions
    -Germans were unmerciful in conquering these nations
    -Convinced of the threat posed by the allie's iron supply
  • Philippines, Corregidor, Douglas MacArthur

    Philippines, Corregidor, Douglas MacArthur
    -Douglas MacArthur was an American general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army
    -Led the Philippines and Corregidor campaigns
    -He was a highly decorated soldier of the war, receiving the Medal of Honor for his early service in the Philippines
  • Neville Chamberlain- "Peace with Honor"

    Neville Chamberlain- "Peace with Honor"
    -MacArthur was recalled to active duty in the US Army as a major general
    -Philippines Department had 22,000 troops
    -Found out about the attack on Pearl Harbor from commercial broadcasts
    -Lead to the Disaster at Clark Field
  • Leader of Japan- Hideki Tojo

    Leader of Japan- Hideki Tojo
    -Suggested that he was smart, hardboiled, and resourceful
    -Imperial Japanese Army general
    -Succeeding leader of 40th Prime Minister of Japan
    -Held Responsible for the bombing of Pearl Harbor
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    -Lagune Harbor in the Hawaii islands
    -Unannounced attack by the Japanese
    -U.S. entered WWII because of this
  • War Plans with Churchill and FDR

    War Plans with Churchill and FDR
    -War if officially declared on Germany and other nations
    -Pushed the United States into the struggle by attacking the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
    -Four days later Hitler declared war on the United States
  • Guadalcanal

    -2,510-square-mile tropical island in the South-Western Pacific
    -Largest island in the Solomon Islands
    -Was the scene of fierce fighting between the Allies and Japanese forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign of World War II
  • Internment of Japenese

    Internment of Japenese
    -Japanese American internment was the forced relocation and internment by the United States governmentapproximately
    -110,000 Japanese Americans and Japanese were interned
    -President Franklin Delano Roosevelt authorized the internment with Executive Order 9066
  • Industrial Response

    Industrial Response
    -The unemployment problem ended in the United States with the beginning of World War II
    -Wartime production created millions of new jobs and the draft pulled young men out
    -The war mobilization changed the relationship of the Congress of Industrial Organizations
  • The Battle of the Coral Sea

    The Battle of the Coral Sea
    -Major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and Allied naval and air forces from the United States
    -The battle was the first fleet action in which aircraft carriers engaged each other
  • Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC)

    Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC)
    -The Women's Army Corps (WAC) was the women's branch of the US Army
    -It was created as an auxiliary unit, the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) on 14 May 1942
    -Converted to full status as the WAC in 1943
  • The Battle of Midway

    The Battle of Midway
    -Widely regarded as the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II
    -One month after the Battle of the Coral Sea and six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor
    -United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) attack against Midway Atoll
  • The Battle of Stalingrad

    The Battle of Stalingrad
    -A major battle of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in southwestern Russia
    -The German offensive to take Stalingrad, the battle inside the city and the Soviet counter-offensive
  • The Italian Campaign

    The Italian Campaign
    -Name of Allied operations in and around Italy
    -Joint Allied Forces Headquarters AFHQ was operationally responsible for all Allied land forces in the Mediterranean theatre
    -Planned and commanded the invasion of Sicily
  • D-Day

    -A term often used in military parlance to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated
    -Represents a variable, designating the day upon which some significant event will occur
    -initiating the Western Allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation during World War II
  • Troop build up in the Rhineland

    Troop build up in the Rhineland
    -Rhineland had been made into demilitarised zone
    -Germany had political control of this area
    -Build up of troops, over 32,000 soldiers crossing into Rhineland
    -Over-run with troops, outnumbering civialians by almost 2:1
  • The Battle of Leyte Gulf & kamikazes

    The Battle of Leyte Gulf & kamikazes
    -Invasion and conquest of Leyte in the Philippines by American and Filipino guerrilla forces
    -Under the command of General Douglas MacArthur
    -Kamikazes were suicide attacks by military aviators from the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels
  • The Battle of the Bulge

    The Battle of the Bulge
    -A major German offensive launched towards the end of World War II
    -Known to the English-speaking general public simply as the Battle of the Bulge
    -The German offensive was supported by several subordinate operations known as Unternehmen Bodenplatte
  • The Battle of Iwo Jima

    The Battle of Iwo Jima
    -Battle in which the United States fought for and captured Iwo Jima from Japan
    -The U.S. invasion was charged with the mission of capturing the two airfields on Iwo Jima
    -The battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign of World War II
  • Harry Truman becomes President

    Harry Truman becomes President
    -President Roosevelt died less than three months after beginning his fourth term
    -President Truman took his place after this tragic incident
    -Truman served as an artillery officer, making him the only president to have seen combat in World War I
  • The Battle of Okinawa

    The Battle of Okinawa
    -Codenamed Operation Iceberg, was fought on the Ryukyu Island of Okinawa
    -Was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War
    -Lasted for 82 days
  • Unconditional Surrender/V-E Day

    Unconditional Surrender/V-E Day
    -World War II Allies formally accepted the unconditional surrender of the armed forces of Nazi Germany
    -End of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich
    -On 30 April Hitler committed suicide during the Battle of Berlin
  • Yalta

    -A city in Crimea, southern Ukraine, on the north coast of the Black Sea
    -Said to have been founded by Greek sailors who were looking for a safe shore
    -Yalta was the principal holiday resort of the Soviet Union
    -Yalta conference took place here
  • Potsdam

    -Capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg and is part of the Metropolitan area of Berlin/Brandenburg
    -Potsdam has several claims to national and international notability
    -Potsdam conference located here
  • Hiroshima & Nagasaki

    Hiroshima & Nagasaki
    -Hiroshima is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshū\
    -It became the first city in history destroyed by a nuclear weapon when the United States of America dropped an atomic bomb
    -Nagasaki is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū
  • Nuremberg War Trials

    Nuremberg War Trials
    -Series of military tribunals, held by the main victorious Allied forces of World War II
    -Most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of the defeated Nazi Germany
  • The Manhattan Project

    The Manhattan Project
    -Codename for a project conducted during World War II to develop the first atomic bomb
    -Included participation from the United Kingdom and Canada
    -The scientific research was directed by American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer