The Agony of Reconstruction

  • 10 Percent Reconstruction Plan

    10 Percent Reconstruction Plan
    a href='' In 1863, President Lincoln set forth his 10% Reconstruction Plan. This Reconstruction plan offered a full pardon to all Southerners who would take an oath of allegiance to the Union and accepted the emancipation proclamation. The plan also stated that once 10% of the voting population of any state had taken the oath that they could then set up a local government.
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    The Agony of Reconstruction

  • Wade-Davis Bill

    Wade-Davis Bill
    a href='' . This Bill proposed a program to Reconstruct the South, it was created by two radical Republicans named Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis. The Bill passed in both houses of Congress but was pocket-vetoed by Lincoln because he believed it would be too hard to repair all the severed ties of the Union if the Bill passed.
  • President Johnson Reconstruction Policy

    President Johnson Reconstruction Policy
    a href='' . President Johnson decided to take Reconstructing the South into his own hands and came up with a new Reconstruction policy. Johnson's new policy proposed that provisional governors who had opposed the secession movement were chosen to govern southern states. These governors were held responsible for calling constitutional conventions and making sure that only "loyal" whites could vote for delegates.
  • Congress

    a href='' >Congress</a
    In December of 1865, Congress refused to seat senators and representatives who were elected from the states recreated under the presidential policy. Radicals in Congress were determined to undermine Johnson and his new reconstruction policy. Refusing to seat new members was the first step in tyring to change his plan.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Bill

    Freedmen's Bureau Bill 103/freedman1.jpg. The Freedmen's Bureau was a temporary agency set up to aid former slaves by providing relief, education, legal services, and assistence in obtaining land or employment. In February of 1866, Congress tried to pass a bill extending the life term of the Freedmen's Bureau. President Johnson vetoed it because of disagreements with Congress.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act The Civil Rights Act was originally vetoed by President Johnson because of disagreements with Congress. Congress got enough votes to override Johnson's veto and passed the bill anyway. The Civil rights bill was meant to nullify the Black Codes and guarantee equal benefits of the laws to freedmen.
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment The Fourteenth Amendment was passed in 1866 by Congress. This Amendment gave the federal governments responsibility for guaranteeing equal rights to all Americans.
  • Republican Congressional Majority

    Republican Congressional Majority . In the fall elections of 1866, the Republican party increased their congressional majority. The Republicans used their new power to enact new changes such as the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments.
  • First Reconstruction Act

    First Reconstruction Act passed over President Johnson's veto once again to pass the first Reconstruction act in 1867. It was passed to reconstruct the southern rebel states and try to fix the union between the north and the south. The South was divided into five military districts and placed under new military generals.
  • Changes in Constitutional Conventions and Voting

    Changes in Constitutional Conventions and Voting In 1868, Southern black males began to serve in constitutional conventions and also began to exercise their rights to vote. They were able to do so because of the Fourteenth Amendment.
  • Presidential Election of 1868

    Presidential Election of 1868 In the 1868 Presidential election, Presidential candidate Ulysses S. Grant of the Republican party defeated Horatio Seymore the Democratic candidate. Grant won with the majority or electoral votes of 214-80.
  • President Johnson is impeached

    President Johnson is impeached President Johnson was impeached after informing Congress that he removed Edwin Stanton as Secretary of War and replaced him with Adjutant-General Lorenzo Thomas. Johnson was charged with high crimes and misdemeanors.
  • Fifteenth Amendment

    Fifteenth Amendment'sSuffrage/Pictures/TheFifteenthAmendment.gif. Congress passed the Fifteenth Amendment in 1869, prohibiting any state from not allowing a male citizen to vote based on race, color, or any previous servitude. States however found a loophole in this Amendment and began to require a literacy test, or a poll tax to vote. The only exclusion to these requirements was the grandfather clause that stated that if your grandparents had been eligible to vote you could vote.<
  • Ku Klux Klan Acts

    Ku Klux Klan Acts The Ku Klux Klan tried to scare blacks from voting in the south. Therefore Congress passed the Ku Klux Klan Acts (also known as the Force Acts) to protect black voting rights in the south. These Acts made interfering with voting rights a federal crime.
  • President Grant reelected

    President Grant reelected Grant was reelected in 1872 and defeated Horace Greenly. However, Horace died before the electoral college voted.
  • Financial Panic

    Financial Panic The financial panic of 1873 sent the country into a nationwide depression that lasted until 1879. It was caused by a high inflation of money.
  • Specie Resumption Act

    Specie Resumption Act In 1875, Congress passed the Specie Resumption Act. This act wanted the U.S. Treasury to be prepared to go back to accepting and redeeming specie or gold. It also called for gradual steps to reduce the amount of paper money in circulation. Paper coins were to be replaced with silver coins.
  • Whiskey Ring Scandal

    Whiskey Ring Scandal The Whiskey Ring began in St. Louis. It was a group of Republican politicians who were able to gain millions of dollars in federal taxes off of liquor. The Whiskey Ring scheme was a big network system of bribes.
  • Presidential Election of 1876-1877

    Presidential Election of 1876-1877 In the disputed election of 1876, Republican Rutheford Hayes was nominated to go against Democratic candidate Samuel Tilden. Their campaigns mostly revolved around the topic of corruption. Everyone believed Tilden would win, but in the end he was one state short of victory.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877 The Compromise of 1877 ended all military intervention in the South. It also caused the fall of the last Radical governments. This compromise was an informal bargain which left southern blacks to their fates as long as southern states voted for Hayes.