Мечников Илья Ильич (1845—1916)

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    Мечников Илья Ильич (1845—1916)

    Ilya Mechnikov, the contribution to the science of the famous Russian embryologist, bacteriologist and immunologist is presented in this article.
  • Contribution to science

    The works of Ilya Mechnikov as a whole relate to the field of medicine and biology. During 1866 - 1886 he was engaged in the development of issues of evolutionary and comparative embryology. Together with A. Kovalevsky, he is considered the founders of this direction.
  • Contribution to science

    Ilya Mechnikov is a Nobel laureate and is the author of the theory of the origin of multicellular animals, in other words the phagocytella theory. In 1882, he discovered a new phenomenon for science - phagocytosis. He announced this discovery a year later at the VII Congress of Doctors and Naturalists in Odessa. Later, in 1892, on the basis of phagocytosis, he will develop a pathology of inflammation. Ilya Ilyich also made a huge leap in science - he created a phagocytic theory of immunity.
  • Contribution to science

    Her scientist described in his work, Immunity in Infectious Diseases, written in 1901. For the theory of immunity, he received the Nobel Prize in 1908. Most of Mechnikov's work on bacteriology is devoted to the study of the epidemiology of cholera, tuberculosis, typhoid fever and other diseases. Together with E. Roux, the scientist experimentally caused syphilis in monkeys in 1903.