• Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA), 1964

    Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA), 1964
    VISTA or Volunteers in Service to America is an anti-poverty program created by Lyndon Johnson's Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 as the domestic version of the Peace Corps. Initially, the program increased employment opportunities for conscientious people who felt they could contribute tangibly to the War on Poverty. Volunteers served in communities throughout the U.S., focusing on enriching educational programs and vocational training for the nation's underprivileged classes.
  • Economic Opportunity Act, 1964

    Economic Opportunity Act, 1964
    Signed by Lyndon B. Johnson and Michael Herbert on August 20, 1964, the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 (Pub.L. 88-452, 78 Stat. 508, 42 U.S.C. § 2701) was central to Johnson's Great Society campaign and its War on Poverty. Implemented by the since disbanded Office of Economic Opportunity, the Act included several social programs to promote the health, education, and general welfare of the poor. Although most of the initiatives in the Act have since been modified, weakened, or altogether rolled
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
    is a United States federal statute enacted April 11, 1965. The Act is an extensive statute which funds primary and secondary education, while explicitly forbidding the establishment of a national curriculum.[1] As mandated in the Act, the funds are authorized for professional development, instructional materials, resources to support educational programs, and parental involvement promotion. The Act was originally authorized through 1970, however the government has reauthorized the Act every five
  • Medicare, 1965

    Medicare, 1965
    Medicare is a social insurance program administered by the United States government, providing health insurance coverage to people who are aged 65 and over, or who meet other special criteria. Medicare operates similar to a single-payer health care system. At the bill-signing ceremony, Johnson enrolled former President Harry S. Truman as the first Medicare beneficiary and presented him with the first Medicare card, and Truman's wife Bess, the second.
  • Medicaid, 1965

    Medicaid, 1965
    Medicaid is the United States health program for people and families with low incomes and resources. It is a means-tested program that is jointly funded by the state and federal governments, and is managed by the states.[1] Among the groups of people served by Medicaid are certain U.S. citizens and resident aliens, including low-income adults and their children, and people with certain disabilities. Poverty alone does not necessarily qualify someone for Medicaid.
  • The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), 1965

    The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), 1965
    The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, also known as HUD, is a Cabinet department in the Executive branch of the United States federal government. Although its beginnings were in the House and Home Financing Agency, it was founded as a Cabinet department in 1965, as part of the "Great Society" program of President Lyndon Johnson, to develop and execute policies on housing and metropolises.
  • Water Quality Act, 1965

    Water Quality Act, 1965
    The Clean Water Act is the primary federal law in the United States governing water pollution. Commonly abbreviated as the CWA, the act established the goals of eliminating releases of high amounts of toxic substances into water, eliminating additional water pollution by 1985, and ensuring that surface waters would meet standards necessary for human sports and recreation by 1983.
  • Immigration Act of 1965

    Immigration Act of 1965
    abolished the National Origins Formula that had been in place in the United States since the Immigration Act of 1924. It was proposed by United States Representative Emanuel Celler of New York, co-sponsored by United States Senator Philip Hart of Michigan, and heavily supported by United States Senator Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts.
  • The National Foundations of the Arts and Humanities, 1965

    The National Foundations of the Arts and Humanities, 1965
    U.S. independent agency. Founded in 1965, it supports research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities. It provides grants to museums, libraries, archives, television programs, historic sites, translation and editorial projects by academic presses, educational and research institutions, and individuals.
  • Clean Water Restoration Act, 1966

    Clean Water Restoration Act, 1966
    The Clean Water Restoration Act of 1966, which imposed a fine of $100 per day on any polluter who failed to submit reports required by the law.
  • The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act, 1966

    The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act, 1966
    was enacted in the United States in 1966 to empower the federal government to set and administer new safety standards for motor vehicles and road traffic safety. The Act created the National Highway Safety Bureau (now National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). The Act was one of a number of initiative by the government in response to increasing number of cars and associated fatalities and injuries on the road following a period when the number of people killed on the road had increased 6-f