Civil Rights Movement and Arms Race

  • End of World War 2

    End of World War 2
    Japan finally surrendered after the United Statas bombed them with two nuclear bombs.
  • Brown v. Board of Education decision

    Brown v. Board of Education decision
    A Supreme Court case that made segregation illegal in the United States.
  • Rosa Parks Incident

    Rosa Parks Incident
    An African American woman was riding on a bus in the black section and was asked to move for a white person because the white section was full. She refused to move.
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    Montgomery Bus Boycott

    A protest lasting for over a year that involved African Americans refusing to ride on city buses in attempt to get rid of the bus segregation laws.
  • Little Rock Nine Incident

    Little Rock Nine Incident
    After segregation became illegal, nine black students enrolled in what used to be an all white school. The governor ordered the National Gaurd to keep them from coming into the school.
  • Sputnik launched

    Sputnik launched
    The first human-made object to orbit the Earth. It was launched by the Soviet Union and caused the United States to spend more money for science.
  • U-2 Incident

    U-2 Incident
    United States spy plane was shot down above the Soviet Union.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    A group of Cubans who opposed Fidel Castro were gathered and trained by the CIA to invade Cuba in an attempt to overthrow Castro. Bay of Pigs was where they were dropped off at, the mission was unsuccessful.
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    Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuba, which was now communistic, allowed the Soviet Union to build nuclear weapons on Cuba that were in range of East Coast cities of the United States.
  • Letter from Birmingham Jail

    Letter from Birmingham Jail
    A letter was written by Martin Luther King Jr. from the Birmingham, Alabama jail after he was arrested for a nonviolent campaign against racism.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    A group assembled in Washington D.C. in an attempt to gain equal rights for African Americans where over 200,000 people attended.