Urbanization and Reform

By gabyyu
  • New York "Nation"

    New York "Nation"
    Founded by Irish-born Edwin L. Godkin and it crusaded for civil-service reform, honesty, in government, and a moderate tariff.
  • The Chautauqua Movement

    The Chautauqua Movement
    This educational movement consisted of nationwide public lectures, often held in tents and featuring well-known speakers, including Mark Twain. There were also extensive Chautauqua courses of home study, for which 100,000 people enrolled in 1892 alone.
  • The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)

    The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
    This group was organized as a resistance to the ever-growing consumption of alcohol.
  • The Salvation Army

    The Salvation Army
    Originating in England, the Salvation Army came to the United States in 1879. It did practical good, especially with free soup.
  • Progress and Poverty

    Progress and Poverty
    Henry George's book where he believed the pressure of growing population on a fixed supply of land unjustifiably pushed up property values, showering unearned profits on owners of land. He called for equality between the wealthy and the poor.
  • The Chinese Exclusion Act

    The Chinese Exclusion Act
    This Act prohibited all furthur immigration from China to the United States.
  • The Colored Farmers' National Alliance

    The Colored Farmers' National Alliance
    This group formed as a response to the rejection of black farmers into the Farmers' Alliance. It was formed when black farmers faced great difficulties with the rising price of farming and decreasing profits.
  • The American Protective Association (APA)

    The American Protective Association (APA)
    A nativist group, much like the "Know-Nothings", that urged voting against Roman Catholic candidates for office and sponsored the publication of lustful fantasies about runaway nuns.
  • Hull House

    Hull House
    Co-founded by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr, Hull House was a hub for immigrants. It offered instruction in English, counseling to help newcomers cope with American big-city life, childcare services for working mothers, and cultural activities for neighborhood residents.
  • The National American Woman Suffrage Association

    The National American Woman Suffrage Association
    With many prominent leaders, such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Carrie Chapman Catt, women take command of the suffrage battle. They fight for their rights to vote and work outside for the family.
  • The Illinois Anti-Sweatshop Law

    The Illinois Anti-Sweatshop Law
    This fight for this law was lead by Florence Kelley ad protected women workers and prohibited child labor.
  • Anti- Saloon League

    Anti- Saloon League
    This group was also formed as a response to decrease and altogether stop alcohol consumption in the United States.
  • The National Consumers League

    The National Consumers League
    With general secretary Florence Kelley, this organization represented consumers on marketplace and workplace issues. It provided the consumers perspective on concerns such as child labor, privacy, food safety, and medication information.
  • The New York State Tenement House Act

    The New York State Tenement House Act
    This law banned the construction of dark, poorly ventilated tenement buildings in New York. It also required that new buildings must be built with outward-facing windows in every room, an open courtyard, indoor toilets and fire safeguards.
  • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
    Founded by Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois as a call to complete social, as well as economic, equality for blacks.