U.S history timeline

  • french and indian war

    1754-1763 a long and expensive war between france and britain and their native american allies for controlover north america. after britain won, the king began taxing the colonists to payfor the war.
  • proclamation of 1763

    was an attempt to repay the indian who helped the colonists.
    britain defeat the french.
    colonists are angry. most came from poverty
    and feel they deserve the land for fighting and because it offered them chance to succeed.
  • the sugar act

    were taxed on all legal documents.
    'no taxation without representation!'
    colonists have no vote vote in parliament
  • the stamp act

    sugar is a major cash crop for both countries the colonist trade with,
    raisingthe tariff might make business best profitable
  • the quartering act

    colonies would have to provide housing for troops.
    all but one colony (penn) gets away without really following the quartering act
  • the townshed act

    conflict over parliament's recent treatment of the colonies gets worse.
    taxes things colonies import .
    coloniesare pushed over the edge. protests grow increasingly violent as well as more frequent
  • the declaratory act

    the parliamentdoesnt like that it was forced by the colonists to repeal stamp act
  • boston importation agreement

    townshed acts bring protests.
    colonist refused to buy (import) british goods
    within a year importation of british goods drop to 50%.
  • boston massacre

    a mob of bostonians harassre redcoats self -defene?
    sam adams get paul revere to make a cartoon of the "massacre"
  • the tea act

    british's monopoly on the tea trade to all british colonies, selling excess tea at a reduced priced. passed on may 10 1773
  • the boston tea party

    boston massacre outrages colonists
    1773- sons of liberty, dressed as indians, board ships owned by the british ,east indian company and throw tea in to boston harbor
  • the intolerble act

    march 31 1774 - june 22 1774
    king and parliament pressured by east india trading company and other to do something about mass.
    1770 - 1774 parliament passes the "coersive acts" called the "intolerble acts" by the colonists.
  • first continental congress

    sept 4 -oct 16 in virginia
    first contienental congress had two groups
    radical want war/active resistance
    *bostonians, virginians
    moderates want diplomatic/political solution
    *south/mid colonies
  • patrick henry's speech

    patrick henry: lawyer
    'give me liberty or give me death' to house of burgesses.
    v.a wa would have not been winnable
  • paul rivere and william dawes "midnight rides"

    night of april 18 1775 - britsh troops sent secretly to capture a stockile of colonial weapons located in the city of concord.mass
    paul rivere, william warren and dr.samuel prescott hear of the plan, ride throughout mass warning that the red coats are coming
  • battle of lexington and concord

    minute men muster on the lexington, the center of the village of lexington to confront the britishon their way to concord.
    700 redcoats vs.130 minute men
  • second continental congress

    the members of the second continental congress met at the state house in piladelphea. there were several new delegates including john hancock , thomas jefferson and benjamin franklin
  • ft. ticonderoga siezed by ethan allen and green mountain boys

    first official victory of the revolutionary war .
    captured on may 10 1775 but the british british recaptured the fort in 1777 but abandoned in 1780
  • washington named commander and chief of contiental army & navy

    in a speech given to the continental army on june 15, washington accepte the commission and equested that he not recieve a salary for his service. on june 17 the congress draftedwashington's commission as commander
  • battle at bunker hill

    june 17 ,1775 when a british force of 1500 men landed on charlestown heights in mass.
    near 12 hours of fighting
  • american forces under benidict arnold fail to seize quebec

    for 3 days terrible weather when benidict arnold tried to take quebec
  • thomas paine publishes "common sense"

    published in 1776 common sense challenged authority of the british government and the royal monarchy
  • british evacuates boston

    the month of siege of boston ended when the continental army, under the comman of george washington, fortified or chester height in early march 1776 with cannons capture at ticonderoga
  • declaration of independence adopted

    the declaration of independence was approved and adopted by the continental congress in july 4th 1776
  • hessian mercenaries arrive to fight for british

    about 18000 hessian troops arrived in the 13 colonies in 1776
  • british win battle of long island, new york

    redcoats defeat the george washington's army in the battle of long island.
    washington's army escape at night
  • british occupy new york city

    general howe landed at kip's bay and entered the city of new york virtually unopposed and paused his campaign.
  • battle of trenton

    general washington and men of the continental armyand militia crossed the delawareon christmas night 1776 and marched to trenton, new jersey
  • continetal army wins at princeston

    on the night of jan 2 1777 george washington , repulse a british attack at he battle of the assunpink creek in trenton, that night he evacuated his position, circled around general lord cornwallis' army, and went to attack the british garrison at princeston
  • marquis de lafayette arrives in colonies

    a 19 year old french aristocrat arrives in philadelphea and volunteers to serve with out pay.
    congress appoints him as major general in the continental army
  • british occupy philadelphea

    on september 26 the british proudy marched into philadelphea.
    in anticipation of their arrival, the capital was abandoned by the patriots and many in the business company
  • british win battle at germantown

    washington concieved a bold plan of attack on howes 9000 troops garrison stationed in germantown.
    in the end, bad luck and poor timing forced washington to retreat
  • battle of saratoga

    setp 19 - oct 17
    1. 1st major victory for americans
    2. it was a morale boost to the americans
    3. it stopped the british forces to meet up with the other british forces
    4. the battle gave king of france confidence towards the congress
  • valley forge

    hungry, cold, ragged, and cramped in december 1777, diciplined, self-confident, and dignified in june 1778.
    valley forge = 6 month story of encampment of the continental army
  • u.s and france form an alliance

    the treaty of alliance between france and the united states was concluded at paris, feb 6 1778
  • british abandon philadelphea and return to new york city

    fearing a blockade by french ships, british gen. clinton withdraws his troops from phil. and marches across new jersey towards new york city americans reoccupy philadelphea
  • battle of vincennes/ft. sackville

    they fought all through the night until ten a.m, hamilton surrendered.
  • spanish declare war on britain

    charles 3rd would not sign a treaty bu would fight with the u.s against britain
  • battle of flameborough head

    a small naval battle that took place between the continental navy and two british escort vessels
  • british capture charleston S.C

    british ha 14000 troops and captured 5000 men. biggest loss of men for U.S
  • first french troops arrive to help american war effort

    french troops arrived to help defend the south
  • gen. benidict arnold commits treason

    was in debt. and handed over west point and his men to the british
  • battle of king's mountain, S.C

    a battle between the loyalist and patriot militia
  • articles of confederation adopted

    first consititution how the federal government was to operate
  • french fleet drives british out of chesapeake bay

    the french push the british navy from chesapeake bay
  • battle at yorktown

    seot 28 - 19 oct. french and americans lombarded yorktown with artillery . turning its buildings rubble
  • british return to britain

    july 1782 - nov. 1783.
    last few ship's take all the redcoats and loyalist back to britain.
  • treaty of paris

    the treaty of paris said that america was independent, and that it's boundaries were mississippi river, canada , and florida
  • U.S constitution signed

    the U.S constitution was signed by all the members of the continental congress and thomas jefferson