Yemen flag

Yemen 1945-Present Day

  • Reformers Coup in North Yemen

    Reformers Coup in North Yemen
    Imam Yahya was assassinated during an unsuccessful coup attempt in 1948. His son, Ahmad, succeeded him.
  • The 1962 Civil War

    The 1962 Civil War
    Imam Ahmad dies, succeeded by his son but army officers seize power, set up the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR).The war began with a coup d'etat carried out by the republican leader, Abdullah as-Sallal, the man who dethroned the newly crowned Imam al-Badr and declared Yemen a republic under his presidency. al-Badr had recieved the throne only a week previously.
  • South Yemen obtains independence

    South Yemen obtains independence
    In 1963, Aden and much of the Protectorate were joined to form the Federation of South Arabia with the remaining states that declined to join, mainly in Hadhramaut, forming the Protectorate of South Arabia. The formation of southern Yemen comprised Aden and former Protectorate of South Arabia. The country is later officially known as the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY). In 1967 Britain promised them total independence.
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    Ali Abdallah Saleh is named President of North Yemen(YAR)

    Ali Abdallah Saleh named as president of YAR. He served as president of the Yemen Arab Republic(North Yemen) from 1978-1990. He stepped down as President of North Yemen in 1990 during the Unification of Yemen to become the President of Yemen. He has been the only president of the unified country, and is the longest serving President in all of Yemen history, ruling since 1978.
  • 6.0 eartquake hits North Yemen

    6.0 eartquake hits North Yemen
    Nearly 3,000 people were killed in the 6.0 eartquake in Dhamar, North Yemen.
  • Thousands die in South Yemen, due to political rivalry.

    Thousands die in South Yemen, due to political rivalry.
    Ali Nasir Mohammed was the president of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen from 1980-1986. He took less of an interventionalists stance toward North Yemen and Oman. A violent struggle began in Aden, when the supporters of Ali Nasir and the supporters of Ismail. There are thousands of casualties, and about 60,00 people, icluding Ali Nasir, fled to North Yemen
  • The Unification of Yemen

    The Unification of Yemen
    After years of negotiations for unification, the leaders of both South and North Yemen, Ali Salim al-Baidh (left) and Ali Abdullah Salih (right) signed the unification agreement on 22 May, 1990. The country was declared as Republic of Yemen and new elections were held to form a new democratic government
  • Unification Leads to Major Dependance on Foreign Importers

    Upon the Unification of Yemen, coffee production, formerly the north's main export and principal form of foreign exchange, declined as the cultivation of khat, a drug, increased. Low domestic industrial output and a lack of raw materials made the YAR dependent on a wide variety of imports.
  • Relationships of leaders have deteriorated

    Armies of former north and south, which have failed to integrate, gather on former frontier as relations between southern and northern leaders deteriorate.
  • Saleh declares a state of emergency

    Saleh declares state of emergency and dismisses al-Baid and other southern government members following political deadlock and sporadic fighting. Foreigners flee escalating fighting.
  • Civil War Returns in Yemen

    Civil War Returns in Yemen
    From May 4th to July 7th in 1994 a civil-war was waged between the North and Southern Yemeni states and their supporters. The war resulted in the defeat of the southern armed forces and the flight into exile of many Yemeni Socialist Party leaders and other Southern secessionists.
  • Al-Baid attempts to secede from North Yemen

    Al-Baid declares independence of Democratic Republic of Yemen. Saleh, the president, rejects secession, and states it as illegal. By July the Northern forces took control of Aden, and secessionist leaders fled abroad and were sentenced to death in absentia.
  • U.S. Vessel attacked in Aden, and bombing at British Embassy are blamed on Yemen and Palestine

    A US naval vessel USS Cole was damaged in a suicide attack in Aden which was subsequently blamed on al-Qaeda. Seventeen US personnel were killed. Later in October, a bomb explodes at the British embassy. Four Yemenis who were jailed and said that they carried out the attack in solidarity with Palestinians.
  • Yemen fights against Terrorism

    Yemen fights against Terrorism
    In 2004, from June to August, many government troops battled supporters of a dissident cleric Hussein al-Houthi, a religious leader against Yemen, in the north; In September the same year the government declares that their forces have. killed Hussein al-Houthi. This went along with President Saleh's promise to President Bush that Yemen was allies with the US and that they would fight against terrorists, since Hussein al-Houthi was known for his anti-American beliefs.
  • Clash in the North-Cont'd

    Clash in the North-Cont'd
    In 2005 from March-April, more than 200 people were killed in a resurgence of fighting between government forces and supporters of the slain rebel cleric Hussein al-Houthi.In May, President Saleh says the leader of the rebellion in the north has agreed to renounce the campaign in return for a pardon. But minor clashes continue.
  • Suppoters of Hussein al-Houthi are released

    In March more than 600 followers of the slain Shia cleric Hussein al-Houthi who were captured following a rebellion he led in 2004 were released under an amnesty.
  • Citizens begin to lose their rights

    Due to the continued uprising of the supprters of al-Houthi, which included many suicide bombings, citizens were banned from carrying firearms in Sana'a. And demonstrations without a permit became outlawed.
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    Yemen Demands for Reform

    Yemen at the moment is going through the process of demanding the reform of their government, the laws and regualtions are unjust. Thousands have died in this uprising, but President Saleh has refused to step down. In May 2011, dozens dies in Sana'a, thousands fled the city.