Feb 14, 1483
BirthHis original name was Zahīr al-Dīn Muhammad. The name Babur means Tiger in Arabic. He was a decentant of the Mongol conquerer Genghis Khan and also of the Turkish conquerer Timur. His father, Umar Shaykh Mirza, ruled from Fergana to the northern side of the Hindu Kush mountain range.
Jan 1, 1495
First PowerBabur became the ruler of Farghana. This is in present day Uzbekistan. He was only 12 years old when he was put into this position of power.
Jan 1, 1497
SamarkandBabur led an attack on the Uzbek city of Samarkand. After 7 months it was captured. While that was happening, there was a rebellion back home that caused him to lose Farghana. While he was going back to recover it, his troops deserted Samarkand and he lost both.
Jan 3, 1499
MarghinanAli-dost Taghai sent a message to Babur. It offered his support and the city of Marghinan. He quickly rushed to Marghinan to accept the offer. He now had a secured base and fresh troups for his cause.
Jan 1, 1501
Sar-e PolFor ten years Babur had attempted to regain Samarkand. He occupied it briefly in 1501. However, he was defeated in Sar-e Pol and within three years lost both Samarkand and his principality of Fergana.
Jan 1, 1504
KabulInvaded and captured Kabul. Babur loved this city. His body was returned here to be buried.
Jun 4, 1505
RevoltsBabur imposed a heavy tax on his kindom of Kabul. This led to riots during 1505. These riots provoked Babur to make his first expedition into India.
Jan 1, 1519
IndiaBabur made his first raid into India. At that time, Punjab was part of the dominions of Sultan Ibrahim Lodi of Delhi. The governor, Dawlat Khan Lodi, however, resented Lodi's attempts to diminish his power. Babur invaded Punjab three more times but was unable to master the politics well enough to gain any real control.
Apr 21, 1526
PanipatBabur had an estimated 12,000 followers. They went to Panipat to meet Ibrahim, whose army was said to number 100,000 along with 100 elephants. Babur won using their adept cavalry tactics and by dividing the enemy. Three days later, Babur occupied Delhi and by May 4 he had reached Agra.
Dec 26, 1530
DeathHumayun became deathly ill that year. Babur is said to have offered his life to God in exchange for Humayun's. He walked around the bed seven times to complete the vow. Humayun recovered and Babur became very ill. He died shortly later that year.