World War II

  • Rise of Fascism and Nazism

    Rise of Fascism and Nazism
    Is said to be caused by WWI and the Treaty of Versailles. While Hitler was gaining popularity, fascism also rose. The Nazis were very numerous, giving rise to nazism. By 1933, the nazis were incredibly strong. These were one of the main causes of WWII.
  • Neutrality Act

    Neutrality Act
    Joint resolution that outlawed the trade of firearms with Spain. Was intended to cover civil wars, but was not very effective.
  • Germany's Expansion/Annexation of Austria

    Germany's Expansion/Annexation of Austria
    Austria is annexed when Hitler and his troops march in. Hitler is met with an enthusiastic crowd. Impacted Austrian Jews negatively (sent to concentration camps).
  • Blitzkrieg Attack on Poland

    Blitzkrieg Attack on Poland
    Poland easily defeated within weeks of being invaded. Left many towns completely destroyed.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    War waged by Germany against the UK, fought with planes. Both sides suffered heavy losses, but British confidence was raised.
  • Lend-Lease Act

    Lend-Lease Act
    Main way of providing US support to foreign countries in the war. Led to the resumed transport of firearms and other weapons.
  • Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    Bombing of Pearl Harbor
    Surprise military strike by Imperial Japanese Navy against the US naval base. Heavy losses for the US, and led to the US joining the war.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    A naval battle between the Americans and Japanese near the island of Midway, near Hawaii. The planned ambush of the Japanese was countered. Impact was that the American victory left permanent damage in the Japanese Navy.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    Was a battle in which the Soviets successfully defended Stalingrad, but was one of the bloodiest battles. Impact was that it stopped the Germans from going into the Soviet Union and turned the war in favor of the Allied powers.
  • Transition of US Home Front to War Production

    Transition of US Home Front to War Production
    People on the home front donated scrap metal, bought war bonds, conserved energy, and planted "victory gardens." This also led to an increase in the number of people enlisting in the military.
  • Eisenhower Invades Africa

    Eisenhower Invades Africa
    Was an ambitious Allied plan to take the French-held territories of Algeria and Morrocco. Was one of the most important strategic decisions made by the Allied leaders. Impact was that it changed the Anglo-American strategy for the rest of the war.
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    Was one of the most well-known battles in WWII in which some of the Allies stormed a number of beaches. Suffered heavy loss, but the invasion was successful. Impact was that it was the beginning of the fall of the Germans.
  • Liberation of Majdanek

    Liberation of Majdanek
    Liberated by Soviet troops during the summer, Germans were surprised and evacuated quickly. Was a concentration and forced labor camp, but was also used as an extermination camp. The impact was that the Soviets were able to advance farther.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    Attempt by Hitler to split the Allies in northwest Europe in a densely forested area. Despite being surprised and heaving heavy casualties, the Allies were able to neutralize the German counteroffensive. Impact was that it was Hitler's last major offensive stand.
  • Battle of Iwo Jima

    Battle of Iwo Jima
    American forces invade island of Iwo Jima, which is defended by Japanese troops. Japanese had initial success, but got bogged down. Entire garrison killed. Impact was that it allowed the president to see how long and hard the Japanese would fight to keep their islands.
  • Battle of Okinawa

    Battle of Okinawa
    Last and biggest of the Pacific Island battles. Both sides suffered heavy casualties, but the Japanese lost much more. Many civilians were also killed. Impact was that it was the final battle to get close to the home islands of the Japanese.
  • V-E Day

    V-E Day
    Day that marked the Allied victory in Europe. Impact was that it was the celebration of the end of the war. Finally!
  • Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    An American B-29 bomber drops the first two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities or Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Thousands of people, including civilians, are killed. Impact was that the Japanese surrendered and that the bombs wiped out 90% of the population of these two cities.
  • V-J Day

    V-J Day
    Day that Japan unconditionally surrendered to the Allies. Impact was that it ended the war. Yay!