US History: VHS Summer: Isabella Fawcett-Jones
Sand Creek Massacre40a
As Wikipedia so eloquently puts it, "An atrocity." Demand for native lands grew so rapidly compromise was not an option any longer. The Indians were lied to, being told that nothing bad would happen. Even so, Chivington attacked the unsuspecting Indians, leaving massive casualties.
1877-2011WIth many countries reaching the modern ages, America was not too far behind. New hardships, more immigrants, more technology were to come.
Chinese Exclusion ActWikipedia
An extremely prejudice restriction on free immigration that prohibited immigration of Chinese laborers. Congress intended to try to keep America's identity 'clean' as too many different people were flooding in.
Local areas of THe Knights of Labor went on strike demaned an equal 8 hour day for all workers. On the 4th, someone threw a bomb into the crowd and caused several injuries.
This act authorized the U.S. to divide Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians. If they agree to this, they would be granted U.S. citizenship. Natives were offered tribal land (Note that natives were offered their own land, which is sad.) which could not be sold for 25 years.
Due to the increasing demand to expand, the U.S. Government opened land unassigned to particular tribe members for homesteaders. The land was supposedly was open to claim under the Homestead Act. As people rushed in, the Indians were shot or forced out, once again.
The Maine Sinks44c
"Remember the Maine, to Hell with Spain!"
Although no certain conclusion was reaches about exactly who bombed the Maine, Americans concluded it was done by Spain, and demaned war.
Americans were angry by anti-Spanish propaganda which used yellow journalism to criticize Spanish administration of Cuba.
This was the result of American intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. Both sides were unprepared for war, but Spain was worse off.
After the war ended, the U.S. gained temporary control of Cuba (Treaty of Paris) and caused major changes to The Spanish Empire.
Even more radical than the Socialists. This union encouraged members to fight directly against their employers and believed that compromise was not an option. They lead hundreds of strikes across America and called for the overthrow of the capitalist system.
They promoted the concept of all workers being united under a single social class and have their own model of workplace democracy, in which workers elect their managers.
Invention of the Automobile Assembly46a
[Not sure of the date at all]
The invention of the Automobile assembly line was a huge success. These vehicles were now available in masses to the public. In addition to providing more mobility, thousands of Americans found jobs. Furthermore, high schools could make use of this technology which increased education time. Schools developed greatly from this and also helped to form the "teenager" mindset.
Selective Service Act45b
The US was in dire need of more people to participate in the war, as volunteers simply were not high enough in numbers, reaching only about 400,000. Due to this, the government decided to pass this Act that required all young men to register for the war. With this, the US could have enough participants it needed.
Treaty of Versailles45d
This ended the war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
Woodrow Wilson and his 14 points were ignored by European powers, especially France, who wanted much harsher punishment for Germany. I would like to point out, that, despite the very harsh punishments on Germany that were set in place, they have recovered and they are essentially 'carrying' Europe now, in terms of economic strength, I believe, during this crisis.
It spanned in the 1920s.
With the massive migration of African Americans from the South to the North in search of better lives, many talents finally were realized. These talented people touched the lives of many Americans through The Arts.
Women were finally granted suffrage. With this amendment, all US citizens have the right to vote. Regardless of this, many women wanted to have fun, but at least they now had the rite to vote.
The Great Depression48
The Roaring 20's came to a screeching halt as the market crashed. The US economy was sent towards a downards spiral that affected probably every single American life as opportunities became scarce.
World War II50d
Lasted 6 years and 1 day long. Part of it was due to unresololved conflits from WWI. It was a fight between the Allies and the Axis powers.Millions on millions of people died in many well-known events around this time, and 400,000 Americans died- almost as many as in the Civil War.
Attack on Pearl Harbor50e
This attack conducted by the Japanese Navy on the US fuelled American anger. Almost 3,000 Americans were killed and 6 battleships were destroyed. Due to this, Americans plunged into the bloody war.
Countries saw a need to keep the world powers from conflict, but needed a system stronger than the League of Nations. The council, under this system, is allowed to use sanctions in order to keep peace.
The definite years are not certain, but 1947-1991 is what most agree on. Even though it was called a 'war', there was no actual large-scale fighting. It was a state of political and military tension after WWII between the Western Powers and the Eastern Powers.
The longest war in US history, being about 20 years long. It costed billions and billions of dollars and nearly 60,000 American lives. Despite this, the objective wasn't reached, to oppose Communism.
Griswold v. Connecticut57b
Court ruled that the Constitution follows a right to privacy. Therefore, it was ruled that the prohibition of drug use for the sole purpose of preventing conception was a violation of privacy and therefore unconstitutional.
Roe v. Wade57b
This drew the line between pro-life supporters and pro-choice supporters in the case of abortion. This ruling extended a woman's decision to have an abortion, but the idea of protection potential life and the mother's health has been taken into account.
Recession of 1980http://www.ushistory.org/us/59b.asp
Lasted about 1 year. It was a severe recession primarily caused by the establishment of the Federal Reserve Board, which was designed to control high inflation.
Ah yes, the invention of the computer. Due to it's hefty price tag of $9,995, it did not create as much of a scene as it was supposed to, as most people could not afford it. However, it made way for the Macintosh XL to be released, and of course, many future releases of computers which indeed revolutionized everything, as people found it much easier to perform many, many tasks. (Ran out of space...)
Operation Desert Sotrm60b
US vs. Iraq in response to their invasion of Kuwait. Upon its success, Bush got 91% approval rate and other candidates were too scared to challenge him. Regardless, America still had a tough economy to take on, and it was getting more serious.
Soviet Union Collapses60e
With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States would be the remaining military superpower. With this, people look to the US to ease conflicts in many areas.