U.S History

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    Political, economic and social aspects of the struggle by Black Americans to achieve equality

  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The proclamation announced to the Confederacy and the world that the abolition of slavery had become an important goal of the North. President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Post-Slavery in the South

    Post-Slavery in the South
    Black History They passed a series of laws known as the black codes, which were designed to restrict freed blacks' activity.
  • Freedmen’s Bureau

    Freedmen’s Bureau
    It was established by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War. The Bureau also provided food, housing and medical aid, established schools and offered legal assistance.
  • Reconstrustion Period Begins

    Reconstrustion Period Begins
    During the Reconstruction period (1865-1877) it introduced a new set of significant challenges. Southern state legislatures passed the "black codes" to control the labor and behavior of former slaves and other African Americans.
  • Jane is Free

    Jane is Free
    Jane is finally free and sets off for Ohio.
  • Jane and Ned

    Jane and Ned
    Jane and Ned begin working for Bones.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    Klan were opposed to Reconstruction, and members were pledged to support the supremacy of the white race, and to restore white control of the government.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    It gave African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  • Ned Leaves

    Ned Leaves
    Ned leaves home for Kansas.
  • Mail

    Jane gets two letters from Ned.
  • Reconstruction Period Ends

    Reconstruction Period Ends
    The Ku Klux Klan would reverse the changes brought by Radical Reconstruction in a violent backlash that restored white supremacy in the South.
  • Plessy v. Feguson

    Plessy v. Feguson
    Court CaseHomer Plessy was arrested for sitting in the "White" car of the Louisiana Railroad. Plessy could easily pass for white beacuse of his light skin but in Louisiana's Law considered him "Colored" and made him sit in the "Colored" section. His court case made it all the way up to the United States Supreme Court. Plessy's lawyer argued that the Separate Car Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Admendments.
  • "Separate But Equal"

    "Separate But Equal"
    Southern state legislatures began enacting the first segregation laws, known as the "Jim Crow" laws.
  • Ned Comes Home

    Ned Comes Home
    Ned came back after the Spanish-American War.
  • Jane and Joe

    Jane and Joe
    Jane and her husband, Joe Pittman move to a new plantation where Joe could break horses.
  • Joe is Killed

    Joe is Killed
    Joe is killed trying to catch an unbroken horse.
  • NAACP Founded

    NAACP Founded
    A new permanent civil rights organization, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Their goals were the abolition of all forced segregation, the enforcement of the 14th and 15th Amendments, equal education for blacks.
  • Martha VanOvergahe

  • Joseph William Allegrette

    Joseph William Allegrette
    He is my great-grandfather and served in World War II.
  • Hattie McDaniel

    Hattie McDaniel
    Hattie McDaniel becomes the first African-American actor to win an Academy Award.
  • Tuskegee Airmen

    Tuskegee Airmen
    Tuskegee were an elite group of African-American pilots
  • Jackie Robinson

    Jackie Robinson
    The first African American baseball player in the major leagues played his first major league game
  • Brown v. Board Of Education

    Brown v. Board Of Education
    Thurgood Marshall represented the case Brown v. Board of Education. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that racial segregation in public schools violated the 14th Amendments.
  • Rosa Parks and Bus Boycott

    Rosa Parks and Bus Boycott
    Rosa Parks was riding a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama when the driver told her to give up her seat to a white man. Parks refused, and was arrested for violating the city's racial segregation law. After word got out about her arrest, blacks started boycotting the buses.