Unit 5 1914 CE - Present Mueggenborg

By mcneilm
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    He was a pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. His philosophy and leadership helped India gain independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
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    Juan Peron (Argentina)

    He was an Argentine military officer, and politician. Perón was three times elected as President of Argentina though he only managed to serve one full term, after serving in several government positions, including the Secretary of Labor and the Vice Presidency.
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    A major war centered on Europe. It involved all of the worlds great powers.
  • Russian Revolution

    The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union.
  • Wilson's 14- Point Plan

    The address was intended to assure the country that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe.
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    League of Nations

    It was an organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I, and it was the precursor to the United Nations. The League was the first permanent international security organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace.
  • Treaty of Verailles

    It was one of the peace treaties at the end of WWI. The most important and controversial provisions in the treaty was Germany was required to take all responsibility for causing the war.
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    Chinese Civil War

    It was a civil war fought between the Kuomintang Chinese Nationalist Party, the governing party of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China for the control of China which eventually led to China's division into two Chinas, Republic of China and People's Republic of China.
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    Stalin's 5- Year Plans

    They were a series of nation-wide centralized exercises in rapid economic development in the Soviet Union. The plans were developed by a state planning committee based on the Theory of Productive Forces that was part of the general guidelines of the Communist Party for economic development.
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    The Great Depression

    It was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century.
  • Hitler comes to power

    He was appointed chancellor on 30 January 1933, and transformed the Weimar Republic into the Third Reich, a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism.
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    World War II

    Marked by significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it was the deadliest conflict in human history, resulting in 50 million to over 70 million fatalities.
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    Mao Zedong and Maoism

    He is officially held in high regard in China as a great revolutionary, political strategist, military mastermind, and savior of the nation.
  • Creation of Pakistan

    It refers to the historical movement to have a sovereign and independent Muslim state named Pakistan created from the separation of the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent, partitioned within or outside the British Indian Empire.
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    Cold War

    A series of wars that involved the ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. The Soviet Union and the United States came to the brink of actual war during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another. The Cold War came to an end when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991.
  • Indian Independence

    In 1946, the Labour government in Britain, its exchequer exhausted by the recently concluded World War II, and conscious that it had neither the mandate at home, the international support, nor the reliability of native forces for continuing to control an increasingly restless India decided to end British rule of India, and in early 1947 Britain announced its intention of transferring power. On August 15, 1947, India was officially independent.
  • NATO

    The North American Trade Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty.
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    Korean War

    It was a military conflict between South Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China.
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    The Great Leap Forward

    It was an economic and social campaign of the Communist Party of China, reflected in planning decisions, which aimed to use China's vast population to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a modern communist society through the process of agriculturalization, industrialization, and collectivization.
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    Warsaw Pact

    The treaty was a mutual defense treaty subscribed to by eight communist states in Eastern Europe. It was established at the USSR’s initiative and realized on 14 May 1955, in Warsaw.
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    Vietnam War

    A war fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the U.S. and other anti-communist nations.
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    Bay of Pigs

    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful action by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with support and encouragement from the US government, in an attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
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    Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic.
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    Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. After allowing for loopholes throughout the summer, Hungary effectively disabled its physical border defenses with Austria on 19 August 1989 and, in September, more than 13,000 East German tourists escaped through Hungary to Austria.
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    Cuban Missile Crisis

    It was a confrontation among the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States in October 1962, during the Cold War. It is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to turning into a nuclear conflict.
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    Helsinki Accords

    It was the final act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe held in Helsinki, Finland. Thirty-five states, including the USA, Canada, and all European states except Albania and Andorra, signed the declaration in an attempt to improve relations between the Communist bloc and the West.
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    Islamic Revolution (Iran)

    A series of events involving the overthrow of Irans monarchy and its replacement of an Islamic Republic. Lacked many of the customary causes for revolution, was also massively popular with the people.
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    Iran- Iraq War

    Also known as the Imposed War or Holy Defense. It was the largest conventional war of the 20th century. The war came at a great cost in lives and economic damage—half a million Iraqi and Iranian soldiers as well as civilians are believed to have died in the war with many more injured—but it brought neither reparations nor change in borders.
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    Tiananmen Square (protest)

    The movement used mainly non-violent methods and can be considered a case of civil resistance. Led mainly by students and intellectuals, the protests occurred in the year that was to see the collapse of a number of communist governments in eastern Europe.
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    USSR Disintegrates

    The dissolution of the Soviet Union was a process of systematic disintegration, which occurred in its economy, social structure and political structure. It resulted in the destruction of the Soviet Federal Government and independence of the USSR's republics. The process was caused by weakening of the Soviet government, which led to disintegration.
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    Reunification of Germany

    German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR/East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG/West Germany), and when Berlin reunited into a single city.
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    Nelson Mandela

    In office from the dates above. Served as President of South Africa and was the first South Africian President to be elected in a fully representative democratic election. He gave frequent priority to reconciliation.
  • 9/11

    The September 11 attacks were a series of coordinated suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001. Resulted in the collaspe of the Twin Towers in NYC and damaging The Pentagon in DC. Nearly 3,000 people died in the attacks and 19 highjackers.