U.S. History: 1877-2008

Timeline created by Ricardo Duarte
In History
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    Early American History

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    Civil War/Reconstruction

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    The Gilded Age

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    The Progressive Era

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    Imperialism

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    World War I

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    Roaring Twenties

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    Great Depression

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    World War II

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    Early Cold War

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    Domino Theory

    The domino theory was a Cold War era belief popular within the United States from the 1950's until the end of the Cold War. The Cold War was a major world event that took place from approximately 1945 until 1990.
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    Communism

    With the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Union is dissolved. New Russian President Boris Yeltsin bans the Communist Party. Communism soon ends in Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Congo, Kenya, Yugoslavia and other nations. China, Cuba, Laos, Vietnam remain under communist rule.
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    United Nations formed

    The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations.
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    Containment

    George F. Kennan, a career Foreign Service Officer, formulated the policy of “containment,” the basic United States strategy for fighting the cold war (1947–1989) with the Soviet Union.
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    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies, the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, after World War II.
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    22nd Amendment

    Prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again.
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    Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism.
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    Marshall Plan

    Program to help European countries rebuild after World War II.
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    Berlin Airlift

    The Allies would supply their sectors of Berlin from the air. Allied cargo planes would use open air corridors over the Soviet occupation zone to deliver food, fuel and other goods to the people who lived in the western part of the city.
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    NATO established

    The discussions between the Western nations concluded on April 4, 1949, when the foreign ministers of 12 countries in North America and Western Europe gathered in Washington, D.C., to sign the North Atlantic Treaty.
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    Civil Rights Era

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    Korean War

    Korean War, conflict between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) in which at least 2.5 million persons lost their lives. The war reached international proportions in June 1950 when North Korea, supplied and advised by the Soviet Union, invaded the South.
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    Rosenberg's trial

    Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg were American citizens who were convicted of spying on behalf of the Soviet Union.
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    First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

    1, 1952 the U.S. detonated the first hydrogen bomb, resulting in the first successful full-scale thermonuclear weapon explosion. Operation Ivy was conducted on the Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.
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    Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

    On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio.
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    Vietnam War

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    USSR launches Sputnik

    On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the earth's first artificial satellite, Sputnik I. The successful launch came as a shock to experts and citizens in the United States, who had hoped that the United States would accomplish this scientific advancement first.
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    Arms Race/Space Race

    The Soviet's launch of the first Sputnik satellite on October 4, 1957, stunned and concerned the United States and the rest of the world, as it took the Cold War arms race soon became the Space Race. President Dwight D.
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    Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict.
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    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Begins undeclared war in Vietnam.
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    Medicare and Medicaid established

    On July 30, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law legislation that established the Medicare and Medicaid programs. For 50 years, these programs have been protecting the health and well-being of millions of American families, saving lives, and improving the economic security of our nation.
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    Pentagon Papers leaked

    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled "Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force", was commissioned by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1967. In June of 1971, small portions of the report were leaked to the press and widely distributed.
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    Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam. The offensive was an attempt to foment rebellion among the South Vietnamese population and encourage the United States to scale back its involvement in the Vietnam War.
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    Tinker v. Des Moines

    Defined the First Amendment rights for students in the United States Public Schools.
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    End of the Cold War

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    26th Amendment

    moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
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    War Powers Act

    Law limited the President’s right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval.
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    Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam War

    On April 30, 1975, North Vietnamese troops entered Saigon as the last Americans evacuated the city. The surrender of South Vietnam ended the decades-long war and signaled the reunification of North and South Vietnam. The country had been divided in 1954.
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    1990s-21st Century