Slavery in America

Timeline created by Andee.McCracken
  • Slavery Begins in America

    Slavery Begins in America
    The first African slaves were brought to North America to work in the Virginia colony to farm tobacco (PBS, 2004). (image:
  • First Colony Legalizes Slavery

    First Colony Legalizes Slavery
    The Massachusetts Colony is the first to legalize slavery in the new world (PBS, 2004). (image:
  • Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin
    The patent for the cotton gin was aplied for on this date, howver it wasn't approved until March 14, 1795. The cotton gin made cotton an easy source of revenue, therefore increasing the need for free labor in the form of slaves (PBS, 2004). (image:
  • Emacipation Proclamation

    Emacipation Proclamation
    All of the slaves in rebellion states were freed. (image:
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    Signed by President Lincoln, this amendment formally abolished slavery in the United States (Encyclopedia, 2015). (image:
  • First Reconstruction Act

    First Reconstruction Act
    The First Reconstruction Act is passed. It divided the Confederate States into five military districts controlled by Union troops. States were made to pass laws giving rights and freedoms to freedmen, and the states were made to ratify the 14th amendment in order to be a part of Congress (Siteseen Ltd., 2015). (image:
  • Second Reconstruction Act

    Second Reconstruction Act
    The Second Reconstruction Act gave directions on holding state constitutional conventions to the leaders of each military district. President Johnson tried to veto this, however Congress was able to override the veto (Siteseen Ltd., 2015). (image:
  • Third Reconstruction Act

    Third Reconstruction Act
    This Act gave the leaders of each military district the right to remove state officials from office as they saw fit for the good of the Union. (Image:
  • Fourth Reconstruction Act

    Fourth Reconstruction Act
    The Fourth Reconstruction Act stated that constitutions proposed by the state governments could be ratified by each state taking the Importantity vote (Siteseen Ltd., 2015). (image:
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment
    The 14th Amendment is passed in the United States, abolishing slavery within all states (Ecyclopedia Britannica 2015). (image:
  • Fifteenth Amendment

    Fifteenth Amendment
    This amendment guaranteed black people the right to vote, furthering their civil rights progression (Sheffer, 2013), 2015). (image:
  • Free

    Artist: Emma Marie Cadwalder-Guild
    Medium: Basswood
    This work features a man still bound to his ties, slumped and downtrodden, contradictory to the title "Free".
  • Negros Colgados (Hanged Black Men)

    Negros Colgados (Hanged Black Men)
    Artist: Jose Clemente Orozco
    Medium: Lithograph
    This work features black men being hanged freely in trees, as was often practiced during the time of the KKK, during and after Reconstruction.
  • Harriet

    Artist: Elizabeth Catlett
    Medium: Linoleum print on paper
    This work shows Harriet Tubman bravely rescuing slaves from their owners through the UGRR. She is portrayed as a great leader and driving force.
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    The Underground Railroad

    Beginning in the early 1800s, the UGRR helped free aprocimately 100,000 slaves by 1850 (Bio, 2015).
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    American Civil War

    Resulting from growing friction between the states over the issues of slavery and state rights, the American Civil War broke out between North and South (Hassler, 2015).
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    Black Codes Are In Action

    Black Codes were passed by Southern states after the abolition of slavery as a way of keeping slavery in place within the guidelines of the Union's law. It kept blacks confined in the agriculture business, kept them from bearing arms and owning types of property, and greatly resembled slave codes.
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    Ku Klux Klan is Rampant

    During this time, the Ku Klux Klan used violence and terror to resist Reconstruction in the South and further abuse freedmen. It began in 1866, however the peak of its Action was between 1868 and 1870. Lynchings, beaings, burnings, and threats were popular among members of the KKK. The majority of the action ended after the Force Act of 1870 (Legends of America, 2003).
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    Jim Crow Laws

    These laws regarding the legal separation of "colored people" from white society enabled racism to remain present long after slavery ended. "Separate but equal" accomodations were to be made for the separate races, however it was never equal. Blacks were discriminated, mistreated, and abused under the Jim Crow Laws (Urofksy, 2015).