The Atom

  • 100

    Democritus

    Democritus
    Believed that matter is composed of empty space through which atoms move. Atoms are solid, homogeneous, indestructible, and indivisible, atoms are different sizes and shapes, different types of matter=different types of atoms, changing matter is a result of atoms shifting, not changing.
    460 B.C.
  • 100

    Aristotle

    Didn't believe that the “nothingness” that atoms float in actually exists. Did not agree with Democritus, and eventually his ideas were rejected.
    384 B.C.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

    A time in America when technology soared and new things were being built and creating products became more efficient.
  • Antonie Lavosier

    Compiled a list of elemenets known at that time. This contained 23 elements.
  • Joseph Proust

    Created Law of Definite Proportions, which stated that the proportion by the masses of two give elements would always remain the same.
  • John Dalton

    John Dalton
    He believed that all matter is composed of atoms, all atoms of a given element are the same size, mass, and chemical properties. Atoms of one element are different than ones of another. Atoms can't be created, divided or destroyed. In a chemical reaction atoms are separated, combined, or rearranged.
  • William Crooks

    William Crooks
    Discovered Radiation
  • Amadeo Avagadro

    said that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules.
  • First Camera

    First Camera
    Alexander Wolcott patented his idea for the camera.
  • Henri Becquerel

    Henri Becquerel
    Discovered that penetrating radiation came from the uranium itself, without need of excitation by an external energy source.
  • J.J. Thomson

    Did a series of cathode ray tube experiments to determine that ratio of its charge to its mass. He discovered there were molecules smaller than the atom.
  • Madame Curie

    Madame Curie
    Discovered that the ability to radiate does not depend on the arrangement of the atoms in a molecule, it must be linked to the interior of the atom.
  • Max Planck

    Max Planck
    Matter can gain or lose energy only in small, specific amounts called quanta.
  • Albert Einstein

    Albert Einstein
    Found that electromagnetic radiation has both wavelike and particle-like natures.
  • Robert Millikan

    Determined the charge of an electron. Calculated th mass of an electron.
  • Ernest Rutherford

    Found that atoms in gold deflect alpha particles.
  • Neils Bohr

    Neils Bohr
    Made a quantum model for the hydrogen atom that predicted the frequencies of the lines in hydrogen's atomic emission spectrum. Also related the hydrogen atom's energy states to the motion of the electron within the atom.
  • Period: to

    World War One

    War between the “Entente Powers” (U.S., U.K., Russia,Japan, Italy, France, China, Brazil, etc.) and the “Central Powers” (Austria-Hungary, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Dervish state, Germany, Ottoman Empire)
  • Louis deBroglie

    Louis deBroglie
    Said that only whole numbers of wavelenths are allowed in a circular orbit of fixed radius. He also said that light has both wave and particle characteristics.
  • Erwin Schrodinger

    Erwin Schrodinger
    Created the Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom.
  • First colored TV

    First colored TV
    the first colored system was introduced by John Logie Biaird
  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    A severe worldwide economic depression that was right before WWII.
  • James Chadwick

    Showed that the nucleus also contained another subatomic particle, a neutral particle called the neutron.
  • Henry Moseley

    Henry Moseley
    Discovered that atoms of each element contain a unique positive charge in their nuclei.
  • Period: to

    World War Two

    Adolf Hitler wanted to gain control of Germany and Europe. He killed hundreds of thousands of innocent people with the Nazi's at his side. Fought between the Axis and the Allies.
  • Pearl Harbor

    The country of Japan bombed a Naval base in Oahu, Hawaii, bringing us into WWII.
  • Werner Heisenberg

    concluded that it is impossible to make any measurement on an object without disturbing the object.
  • Period: to

    Vietnam

    A war between Vietanm and the U.S.
  • First Man on the Moon

    Neil Armstrong and “Buzz” Aldrin were sent up by the U.S. To become the first men to ever step foot on the moon.
  • First Computer

    Konrad Zuse made the first freely programmable computer.