Supreme Court Cases Dealing with the fourth amendment in the Bill of Rights

  • Carroll v. United States

    Justia This case was a key in shaping what the 4th amendment is today, even though it was so long ago and happened to be over turned by another case later in history it made a significant impact. This case provided the differences of rights to searching a car and searching a house.
  • Mapp v. Ohio

    The ruling of this case protected against the use of incriminating evidence that was illeagally obtained. Either by not having a warrent or violating the rights of the person being searched. This was added to the 4th amendment because the grand jurry saw it unconstitutional to use evidence taken by force.
  • Katz v. United States

    Katz v. United States Katz had been convicted of relaying gambling bets from Los Angelos to Miami and Boston, he then pleaded that his rights regarding the 4th amendment had been violated. The supreme court ruled in favor of Katz saying that the 4th amendment includes the seizure of physical items as well as oral statement under its protection.
  • Terry v. Ohio

    This court case clarifide the the 4th amendment, by saying that a policeman is allowed to stop and pat check any person for weapons if he has a reasonable suspicion that, the person is involved in a crime or is about to comit one, but other than that they are not allowed to stop and fisk random people.
  • Illinoise v. Gates

    justia This case deals with the fourth amendment through the violation of probable cause. The police violated the Gates 4th amendment right when they used an anonymus letter as key evidence against the gates along with evidence found in the car of the Gates.
  • Maryland v. Garrison

    justia Misinterpretation due to lack of evidence, such as in this case where the police had a valid search warrent to search the 3rd floor of an apartment building thinking that it was one apartment. Cops found incriminating evidence agianst Garrison who livedsecond apartment that was also on the 3rd floor. Garrison tried to use the 4th amend. to null the drug evidence but since the warrent had said the entire 3rd floor it was denied.
  • Flordia v. Wells

    A man (wells) was pulled over for DUI in florida. Upon an inventory check they found a case in the back and pried it open and found a whole lot of marijuana. Wells pleaded that his 4th amendment had been violated, the jurry sided in his favor because no where did it say that the police on an "inventory check" where allowed to open any containers.
  • United States v. White

    This was a case where White, a man charged with possessing narcotics. He pled the 4th saying that the evidence used to convict him was violating his rights as stated in the 4th amendment. The Supreme court denied this saying that an expectation of a counterpart not to bring forth incriminating evidence is not violating the 4th amendment.
  • Georgia v. Randolph

    This is a case that distinguishes between one occupant agreeing for police to search the house or residence in the absense of the other occupant and having one occupant agree and the other reject the request to have the residence searched in the absense of a warrent.