Copernicus would create the Heliocentric theory, changing the thought of the universe forever.
Period: Dec 31, 1514 to Oct 15, 1564
In 1543, he published the book, On the Structure of the Human Body, It was a major breakthrough for the human anatomy and would make the view of the human body more accurate. (wikipeida)
Jan 1, 1534
Copernicus published "On the Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies" in 1534 just before his death. The major idea in this book was is Heliocentric Theory.
Period: Nov 13, 1546 to
Tycho Brahe would try to prove the heliocentric theory wrong but would help Kepler in his work in proving that it was correct.
Period: Nov 13, 1561 to
Francis Bacon would create the Scientific Method which is an approach that today many sicentists use.
Period: Nov 13, 1564 to
Galileo expanded on the Heliocentric theory and made it a more plausable theory.
Period: Nov 13, 1571 to
Kepler used his teacher's work to back up the Heliocentric Theory with math and proved it effectively.
Nov 13, 1572
Tycho Brahe's crab nebula
This was the first supernova to be noticed in history and was a massive advancement for the astronomy at that time. (Wikipedia)
Nov 13, 1577
Great comet and Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe would use this major event to discover more about comets and that they came above Earth's atmosphere. (Wikipedia)
Period: Apr 1, 1578 to
William Harvey would expand on the human anatomy and develop the idea of the blood circulation in his book, On the Movement of the Heart and the Blood in 1648.
Rene Descartes would use another philosophical theory, the deduction method. He belived that one had to prove something before it could be accepted as correct.
Copernicus supporter burned
Giordianno Bruno was burned at the stake for heresy due to his belief in the Heliocentric theory. This was significant because it was the Catholic church's way of trying to stop the spread of the idea but it was too late.
Three Laws of Planetary Motion (1 and 2 were in 1609, 3 in 1619)
This was created by Kepler and it only focused on the motion of the planets around the sun. It gave the exact motions but would not explain why they moved in the ways that they did. (Wikipedia).
Letter to Christina of Sweden
Galileo sent a letter to Christina of Sweden trying to connect his research to the Catholic faith, later to be ignored in his trial of heresy due to his heliocentric finds. (Wikipedia)
Francis Bacon, Novum Organum
In this book, Francis Bacon introduces his philosophical ideas. The biggest idea is the Scientific Method. He bellieved that one had to think it was true and then work backwards to try to prove it correct. It was a major change in thinknig that is used today for many experiments and would lead to more findings. He also emphasized deduction where the person would try to find out information outside from what is already known and expand the knowledge that exists today.
Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
This was a book created in 1632 by Galileo and it mainly focused on the differences between the Heliocentric theory and the Ptolemic theory. (Wikipedia)
In 1633, Galileo was excommunicated by the Pope for his belief in the Heliocentric theory and demanded he take back his work which he refused to do and led to his excommunication.
Discourses and Mathematical Demonstrations Relating to Two New Sciences by Galileo
This was Galileo's final book and was a simple wrap of all his previous works but would be chased by the Catholic Church to prevent it from being published until it was published in Poland where the Catholic Church did not have enough power to prevent it from being published. (Wikipeida)
Isaac Newton created many physic ideas but his most important were the three laws of motion and the discovery of gravity.
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy by Isaac Newton
This book would be critical for science today. It would be the first book that Isaac Newton published that had his three laws of physics. It would also expalin gravity and explained the movement of the planets in the Heliocentric Theory which was a huge breakthrough for this theory.
Opticks by Isaac Newton
This was another book written by Isaac Newton and it is considered equally important. It was also about the physics. It focused on the reflections of lights. (wikipedia)