Religion Cases

  • Cantwell v. Connecticut

    Cantwell was charged with breach of peace, when he played a record that criticized the Catholic faith and beliefs for people he came across walking on the street. Outcome: the jury found that the actions of Cantwell were justified by the first amendment.
  • Sherbert v. Verner

    Sherbert was fired from her job because she would not work on the Sabbath Day of her faith, Saturday. Sherbert would not work any job that made her work on Saturday. She asked for unemployment compensation and was denied because she failed without a good cause to accept a job.
    The Sherbert test was created because of this case, the test determined a person’s individual religious rights.
    Outcome: The jury found that Sherbert’s individual religious rights were violated.
  • Lemon v. Kurtzman

    The State of Pennsylvania gave financial support to private schools that taught secular material.
    Federal court upheld the law. The Court resolved that such assistance is unconstitutional.
  • McDaniel v. Paty

    Facts of the Case:
    McDaniel was a minister who was stripped of his preaching rights to preach in the Tennessee's constitutional convention. McDaniel said that his First Amendment rights were violated.
    In a unanimous decision, the court found that Tennessee’s Law made their citizens pick between two of their fundamental rights.
  • Widmar v. Vincent

    The University of Missouri at Kansas City denied students using facilities for religious teaching or worship. The Court resolved that according to Establishment Clause did not require such limitations.
  • Board of education v. Pico

    Petitioner Board of Education removed all books that they thought were anti-American, anti-Christian, anti-Semitic from high school and junior high school libraries. The students thought that the boards actions had denied their rights to the 1st amendment. Decision: Judge White decided that at this point the extent to which the First Amendment limits the school board's discretion to remove books from the school libraries.
  • Ohio Civil Rights Commission v. Dayton Christian Schools

    Dayton Christian Schools, requires that its teachers subscribe to a set of religious beliefs, including belief in the internal resolution of disputes through the "Biblical chain of command." Teacher's must also agree to tell their supervisions about any issues or concerns that they a having. When a teacher became pregnant, the school board refused to let her contract be renewed because it believed that mothers should remain at home with their preschool children. When she threatened a lawsuit, th
  • Corporation of the Presiding Bishops of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints v. Amos

    A Petitioner was employed at a non-profit organization with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. The organization was open to the public, but he got fired because he was not a member of the Church. He claimed that he was religiously discriminated against. The Church argued that because it was religious association, it didnt have anything to with religious discrimination or the civil rights act of 1964. Decision:
    The Court found that the exemption in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was
  • R.A. v. City of St. Paul

    A group of teenagers made and burned a cross in front of the house of a black family. They were charged for disorderly conduct. The Minnesota Supreme Court proved them innocent because the statute only talked about “fighting words”. The Court said that the statute was unconstitutional and therefore it was a violation of the First Amendment.
  • Lee v. Weisman

    A Rabbi was accused that by thanking God in public graduation speech he was demonstrating religious endorsement. Supreme court decided that the graduation prayer violated the Establishment Clause.