pearl harbor


    Washington D.C. - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt makes a final appeal to the Emperor of Japan for peace.
  • Period: to

    pearl harbor

  • i spy

    At 7:02 a.m., two Army operators at Oahu's northern shore radar station detect the Japanese air attack approaching and contact a junior officer who disregards their reports, thinking they are American B-17 planes which are expected in from the U.S. west coast.

    War Department sends out an alert but uses a commercial telegraph because radio contact with Hawaii is temporarily broken.

    Delays prevent the alert from arriving at headquarters in Oahu until noontime (Hawaii time) four hours after the attack has already begun.
  • destruction

    japanese destroyed almost 20 American naval vessels, eight enormous battleships included, and approximately 200 airplanes.
  • attack

    japan launch attack on pearl harbor.
  • sinking ship

    battleship uss arizona explaoded and sank with more than 1,000 men trapped inside after a bomb landed in her forward ammunition magazine.
  • offbalance

    With 400 sailors aboard the battleship USS Oklahoma's shell was pierced by torpedoes she lost her balance, rolled onto her side and slipped underwater.
  • mass destruction

    The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor paralyzed or destroyed 18 American ships and nearly 300 airplanes. Dry docks and airfields were also destroyed.
  • resilience

    The U.S. Navywas able to rebound very quickly from the attack.
  • retaliation

    The United States and Britain declare war on Japan with President Roosevelt calling December 7, "a date which will live in infamy..."
  • after math

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan the day after the assault.
  • authorization

    the declaration was approved with one dissenting vote, by Congress.
  • war

    war was declare by Germany and Italy on the United States. The European and Southeast Asian wars have now become a global conflict with the Axis powers; Japan, Germany and Italy, united against America, Britain, France, and their Allies.
  • new admiral

    Admiral Chester W. Nimitz becomes the new commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet.