Oscar wilde

Oscar Wilde

  • Birth of Oscar Wilde

    Birth of Oscar Wilde
    Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde is born in Dublin to Sir William and Francesca Elgee Wilde.
  • Period: to

    Oscar Wilde

  • Begins Schooling

    Wilde begins his studies at the Portora Royal School in Enniskillen, Ireland.
  • Starts College

    Wilde enrolls at Trinity College in Dublin to study classics.
  • Attending Oxford

    Attending Oxford
    Wilde is awarded a Berkeley Gold Medal, Trinity's top honor for classics students. He earns a scholarship to Magdalen College, Oxford, and enrolls there for further studies
  • Graduates from Oxford

    Graduates from Oxford
    Wilde is awarded the Newdigate Prize at Oxford for his poem "Ravenna." He receives a bachelor's degree with top honors in classical moderations and classics. Oscar later moves to London.
  • Poems Published

    Wilde publishes his first book, a collection of verse entitled Poems and is mentioned as a dandy in the Gilbert and Sullivan opera called Patience.
  • U.S Lecture Tour

    U.S Lecture Tour
    Wilde spends the year lecturing in the United States. During his time in America, he meets poet Walt Whitman, whom he greatly admires, and produces his first play, Vera, in New York. The play is unpopular.
  • Lectures in the U.K.

    Wilde does a lecture tour through England. He writes his second play, The Duchess of Padua, which also tanks.
  • Marriage

    Wilde marries Constance Lloyd, the wealthy daughter of an English barrister, in London.
  • 1st Son

    The couple's first child, son Cyril, is born.
  • 2nd Son

    The Wildes' second son, Vyvyan, is born.
  • Women's World

    Wilde is hired to revitalize the failing magazine Women's World. During his two years there, he turns the magazine around, insisting that the publication "deal not merely with what women wear, but with what they think, and what they feel
  • Fairy Tales Published

    Wilde publishes The Happy Prince and Other Tales, a collection of fairy tales.
  • Books Published

    Wilde publishes a book of short stories as well as a collection of essays outlining his thoughts on aestheticism. He also publishes his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, which was serialized in a magazine the year before.
  • Theatrical Success

    Wilde writes the play Lady Windermere's Fan, which is a hit.
  • The Importance of Being Earnest

    The Importance of Being Earnest
    Wilde's play The Importance of Being Earnest premieres at St. James's Theatre in London. He and Lord Alfred Douglas are now lovers, a fact that enrages Douglas's father the Marquis of Queensberry.
  • The Calling Card

    Queensberry leaves a calling card at Wilde's home inscribed to "Oscar Wilde, posing somdomite" (he meant sodomite, a pejorative term for homosexuals). Wilde decides to sue Queensberry for libel.
  • Queensberry's Trial Begins

    Queensberry's Trial Begins
    The libel trial begins. It soon becomes clear that the trial is more about Wilde's conduct as a gay man than about Queensberry's libel. Lawyers grill Wilde on his work and relationships, and submit his letters to Alfred Douglas as evidence. Queensberry is acquitted; Wilde is immediately arrested on charges of gross indecency.
  • Wilde's Trial Begins

    Wilde's trial for indecency opens. At his family's urging, Douglas leaves the country and goes to France. Constance Wilde takes their sons to Europe and changes their last name. Wilde never sees his children again.
  • Sentenced

    Oscar Wilde is convicted of gross indecency and is sentenced to two years hard labor. He is sent immediately to prison and is eventually transferred to Reading Gaol.
  • Mother Dies

    Wilde's mother Francesca dies. His wife Constance visits him in prison in order to break the news. Wilde pays for her funeral but is unable to afford a headstone, and so she is buried in an unmarked grave.
  • Release from Jail

    Wilde is released from Reading Gaol in poor health. He goes to France, where he spends the rest of his life in exile.
  • Reunited with Male Lover

    Reunited with Male Lover
    Wilde and Alfred Douglas, whom he calls "Bosie," reunite in France. They soon separate and a penniless Wilde moves into the Hotel d'Alsace in Paris.
  • Wife Dies

    Wilde's wife Constance dies in Italy following spinal surgery at the age of 40. The couple lived apart after the trials but never officially divorced.
  • Oscar Wilde Dies

    Oscar Wilde Dies
    After a deathbed conversion to Catholicism, Oscar Wilde dies of meningitis in Paris at the age of 46. He is buried first in Cimitiere de Bagneaux, but his tomb is later moved to Paris' famed Père Lachaise Cemetery.