Mathematics Through the Ages

By jwyang
  • Jan 1, 1010

    Jia Xian

    Jia Xian
  • Jul 18, 1013

    Hermann of Reichenau

  • Jan 1, 1031

    Shen Kuo

    Shen Kuo
  • Jan 1, 1080

    Adelard of Bath

    Adelard of Bath
  • Jan 1, 1114

    Bhaskara Acharya

    Bhaskara Acharya
  • Jan 1, 1170

    Leonardo Fibonacci

    Leonardo Fibonacci
  • Jan 1, 1192

    Li Zhi

    Li Zhi
  • Apr 12, 1202

    Qin Jiushao

    Qin Jiushao
  • Jan 1, 1214

    Roger Bacon

    Roger Bacon
  • Jan 1, 1215

    william of Moerbeke

    william of Moerbeke
  • Jan 1, 1220

    Campanus of Novara

    Campanus of Novara
  • Jan 1, 1225

    Jordanus Nemorarius

    Jordanus Nemorarius
  • Apr 13, 1230


  • Jan 1, 1238

    Yang Hui

    Yang Hui
  • Apr 13, 1271

    Guo Shouging

    Guo Shouging
  • Jan 1, 1380


  • Feb 6, 1465

    Scipione del Ferro

    Italian mathematician who first discovered a method to solve the depressed cubic equation.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Adam Ries

    Adam Ries is generally considered to be the "father of modern calculating". He decisively contributed to the recognition that Roman numerals are unwieldy in practice and to their replacement by the considerably more structured Arabic numerals to a large extent
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia

    Tartaglia is perhaps best known today for his conflicts with Gerolamo Cardano. Cardano cajoled Tartaglia into revealing his solution to the cubic equations Known for solving cubic equations called Cardano-Tartaglia Formula
  • Sep 24, 1501

    Gerolamo Cardano

    His gambling led him to formulate elementary rules in probability, making him one of the founders of the field. Cardano was the first mathematician to make systematic use of numbers less than zero He solution to one particular case of the cubic equation 0= ax^3+bx^2+c (in modern notation)
  • Jan 1, 1502

    Pedro Nunes

    Nunes was considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of his time. He is best known for his contributions in the technical field of navigation, He was the first to propose the idea of a loxodrome and was also the inventor of several measuring devices, including the nonius. Nunes also solved the problem of finding the day with the shortest twilight duration, for any given position, and its duration.
  • Dec 9, 1508

    Gemma Frisius

    He created important globes, improved the mathematical instruments of his day and applied mathematics in new ways to surveying and navigation.
  • Jan 1, 1512

    Robert Recorde

    He introduced the "equals" sign (=) in 1557.
  • Feb 2, 1522

    Lodovico Ferrari

    Ferrari aided Cardano on his solutions for quadratic equations and cubic equations, and was mainly responsible for the solution of quartic equations that Cardano published.
  • Jan 1, 1550

    John Napier

    Best known for:
    - Logarithms
    - Napier's bones
    - Decimal notation
  • Feb 15, 1564

    Galileo Galilei

    Been called the:
    "father of modern observational astronomy",
    "father of modern physics",
    "father of science",
    "the Father of Modern Science". Known for:
    Telescopic observational astronomy
  • René Descartes

    Known for the Cartesian coordinate system and Cartesian dualism, He has been dubbed the 'Father of Modern Philosophy" Descartes was also one of the key figures in the Scientific Revolution. He is credited as the father of analytical geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry, crucial to the discovery of infinitesimal calculus and analysis.
  • Pierre de Fermat

    An amateur mathematician who is given credit for early developments that led to infinitesimal calculus, including his adequality. He is recognized for his discovery of an original method of finding the greatest and the smallest ordinates of curved lines. He made notable contributions to analytic geometry, probability, and optics. He is best known for Fermat's Last Theorem.
  • Blaise Pascal

    He invented the mechanical calculator. Known for:
    - Pascal's triangle
    - Pascal's law
    - Pascal's theorem
  • Isaac Newton

    Has been "considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived." Known for:
    Newtonian mechanics
    Universal gravitation
    Infinitesimal calculus
    Binomial series
    Newton's method
    Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica
  • Jacob Bernoulli

    Was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family. Bernoulli discovered the constant e by studying a question about compound interest Known for:
    Bernoulli differential equation
    Bernoulli numbers
    Bernoulli's inequality
  • Guillaume de l'Hôpital

    His name is firmly associated with l'Hôpital's rule for calculating limits involving indeterminate forms 0/0 and ∞/∞. Known for:
    Infinitesimal calculus
    Differential geometry of curves
  • Brook Taylor

    English mathematician who is best known for Taylor's theorem and the Taylor series
  • James Stirling

    Best known for The Stirling numbers and Stirling's approximation
  • Leonhard Euler

    He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function Contributed to:
    Mathematical Notation
    Number Theory
    Graph Theory
    Applied Mathematics
    Physics and Astronomy
  • Joseph Louis Lagrange

    He made significant contributions to all fields of analysis, number theory, and classical and celestial mechanics. Known for Lagrange Theorem
  • Pierre-Simon Laplace

    He formulated Laplace's equation, and pioneered the Laplace transform The Laplacian differential operator, widely used in mathematics, is also named after him.
  • Joseph Fourier

    Best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series and their applications to problems of heat transfer and vibrations. The Fourier transform and Fourier's Law are also named in his honour. Fourier is also generally credited with the discovery of the greenhouse effect.
  • Augustin-Louis Cauchy

    French mathematician who was an early pioneer of analysis. Started the project of formulating and proving the theorems of infinitesimal calculus in a rigorous manner, rejecting the heuristic principle of the generality of algebra exploited He defined continuity in terms of infinitesimals and gave several important theorems in complex analysis and initiated the study of permutation groups in abstract algebra.
  • William Rowan Hamilton

    Known for:
    - Hamiltonian path
    - Icosian Calculus
  • Augustus De Morgan

    He formulated De Morgan's laws and introduced the term mathematical induction, making its idea rigorous
  • Pafnuty Chebyshev

    Chebyshev is known for his work in the field of probability, statistics and number theory and The Bertrand–Chebyshev theorem
  • Arthur Cayley

    He postulated the Cayley–Hamilton theorem He was the first to define the concept of a group in the modern way like permutation group Known for Cayley Table or Theorem
  • Oliver Heaviside

    Invented mathematical techniques to the solution of differential equations (later found to be equivalent to Laplace transforms)