Language Timeline

Timeline created by mkmw97
  • Plankalkul

    Konrad Zuse developed the first real programming language, Plankalkül (“Plan Calculus”), in 1944–45. Zuse’s language allowed for the creation of procedures and structured data.
  • MATH-MATIC

    released by the Rand Corporation in 1957. Intended as an improvement over FORTRAN. Created by a group led by Charles Katz in 1957.
  • Fortran

    (FORmula TRANslation) - developed by a team of programmers at IBM led by John Backus, and was first published in 1957. designed to allow easy translation of math formulas into code.
  • Lisp

    Originally specified in 1958. originally created as a practical mathematical notation for computer programs, influenced by the notation of Alonzo Church's lambda calculus. invented by John McCarthy in 1958 while he was at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
  • COBOL

    (COmmon Business-Oriented Language.) - designed for business use. designed in 1959 by the Conference on Data Systems Languages(CODASYL) and was largely based on previous programming language design work by Grace Hopper.
  • RPG

    (Report Program Generator) - a high-level programming language (HLL) for business applications. developed by IBM in 1959.
  • BASIC

    (Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) - attempted to teach simple computer programming on the Atari 2600. released for the Atari 2600 console in 1979. In 1964, John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz designed the original BASIC language at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.
  • LOGO

    designed as a tool for learning. Papert worked with the team from Bolt, Beranek and Newman, led by Wallace Feurzeig, that created the first version of Logo in 1967.
  • PASCAL

    an influential imperative and procedural programming language, designed in 1968–1969 and published in 1970 by Niklaus Wirth as a small and efficient language intended to encourage goodprogramming practices using structured programming and data structuring.
  • C

    a general-purpose programming language initially developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at AT&T Bell Labs.
  • B

    a programming language that was developed at Bell Labs. It was mostly the work of Ken Thompson, with contributions from Dennis Ritchie, and first appeared circa 1969. B was designed for recursive, non-numeric, machine independent applications, such as system and language software.
  • ML

    (metalanguage) - a general-purpose functional programming language developed by Robin Milner and others in the early 1970s at the University of Edinburgh,
  • SQL

    (Structured Query Language) - designed for managing data held in a relational database management system. developed at IBM by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce in the early 1970s.
  • ADA

    originally developed in the early 1980s (this version is generally known as Ada 83) by a team led by Dr. Jean Ichbiah at CII-Honeywell-Bull in France. Ada is used throughout a number of major industries to design software that protects businesses and lives. ADA is not an acronym.
  • C++

    a general purpose programming language. It has imperative, object-oriented andgeneric programming features, while also providing the facilities for low level memory manipulation. developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs, starting in 1979
  • Python

    general-purpose, high-level programming language. Conceived in the late 1980s and its implementation was started in December 1989 by Guido van Rossum atCWI in the Netherlands.
  • Visual Basic

    VB 1.0 was introduced in 1991. The drag and drop design for creating the user interface is derived from a prototype form generator developed by Alan Cooper and his company called Tripod. Microsoft is the developer.
  • Java

    James Gosling, Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton initiated the Java language project in June 1991. designed for interactive television, but it was too advanced for the digital cable television industry at the time.
  • PHP

    a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purposeprogramming language. Originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. originally stood for Personal Home Page, it now stands for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor
  • Delphi

    developed by Borland. an integrated development environment (IDE) for console, desktop graphical,web, and mobile applications.
  • Javascript

    originally developed by Brendan Eich, while working for Netscape Communications Corporation. releases of Netscape Navigator 2.0 in September 1995.