Landmark Supreme Court Cases Culminating Project

By Jigga
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    John Adams was in the process of leaving his presidency when John Marshall his secretary failed to deliver all the commissions to Marbury, due to the lack of time. Marbury was led to sue Jefferson’s secretary of state, James Madison, asking the court to issue a writ of mandamus forcing Madison to deliver Marbury his commission.The verdict of the case established and maintained a working principle of judicial review and defining the powers of the Supreme Court and all courts of the United States.
  • McCullouch v. Maryland

    McCullouch v. Maryland
    The U.S government created the first national bank but then wanted to close the Baltimore branch after it was illegal to not pay annual taxes, but James McCulloch refused to. The state of Maryland decided to sue him. The court rejected Maryland’s argument because“…the power to tax involves the power to destroy…” and they didn’t have the power to do so. “The decision confirmed the right of Congress to utilize the implied powers clause in passing laws to carry out its delegated powers.”
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    After being moved from Missouri to Illinois, which was a non-slave state, to present-day Minnesota and then back to Missouri, Dred Scott claimed that he was no longer a slave after living in a free state. The Supreme Court ruled that Dred Scott was not free. Fredrick Douglass once said, "'my hopes were never brighter than now.' For Douglass, the decision would bring slavery to the attention of the nation and was a step toward slavery's ultimate destruction."
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Homer Plessy purchased a first-class ticket and sat in the area that was supposedly designated for whites, mind you Plessy was one-eighth black and he was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act.After arguing that the Act violated theThirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the constitution in court the verdict was in favor of Ferguson.The effect that this case has had on our country is that it allowed us to be able to analyze and any legal concepts pertaining to any parts of the law.
  • Korematsu v. U.S

    Korematsu v. U.S
    President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order forcing a lot of Japanese Americans and West Coast Japanese into internment camps. To avoid being interned, Fred Korematsu lied and said that he was a Mexican-America. In correspondence the government felt as thought their actions was for the betterment of the country. The Korematsu decision was significant because it proved that the protection of our citizens was over ruled the by the constitution that our country is run.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Linda Brown and her sister were forced to walk a dangerous path to their all-black school everyday even though they lived near an all-white school. Brown, as well as her family,felt that her Fourteenth Amendment Rights were being violated and they took their case to court. The Supreme Court decided on May 17, 1954 that segregation will be ended within public schools. This case allowed schools all over the country to be integra
  • Gideon v. Wainwright

    Gideon v. Wainwright
    Clarence Earl Gideon was arrested after he was seen walking around the Bay Harbor Poolroom inPanama with a bottle of wine and a pocket full of changeGideon asked that a lawayer appointed to him, but the judge denied his request.In jail he realized that his Sixth Amendment rights had been violated. At the end of the case to court ruled in favor of Gideon."This case was not merely a question of whether Gideon had been treated fairly; the courts ruling would affect may other people who faced simila
  • Mapp v. Ohio

    Mapp v. Ohio
    The police were suspicious of Dollree Mapp, so they came to her house without a warrant. She did not let them in the first time but returned with a fake warrant and forced their way in. The police arrested Mapp for violating an Ohio law that prohibited any possession of obscene materials, the evidence was not allowed to be used in court because it was considered to be illegal. So there was no way for Mapp to be proven guilty. This case proved that all citizens would be equally protected.
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda v. Arizona
    Ernesto Miranda was identified by a rape victim during a police lineup. During the interrogation the police failed to inform him of his Fifth Amendment Rights against self-incrimination, or of his Sixth Amendment Right to the assistance of an attorney and in court he argued that his confession should be excluded because of it. Miranda confessed and was sentenced to 20-30 years in prison. In the end the court ruled in favor of Miranda. The decision has continued to be controversial in many cases.
  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Tinker v. Des Moines
    John and Mary Beth Tinker of Des Moines, Iowa went to school with black armbands on symbolizing the protest against American involvement in the Vietnam War. They were asked to remove them repeatedly but they refused and were suspended. The Tinkers father decided to file suit in the U.S District Court in defense of their First Amendment rights. The Supreme Court of the United States agreed to hear the case and consider the constitutionality of the Des Moines principals' anti-armband policy.
  • Roe v. Wade

    Roe v. Wade
    Texas rarified a law that made abortions a felony, unless "on medical advice for the purpose of saving the life of the mother". Jane Roe was a woman who was pregnant but not married, and she filed a suit against the district attorney of Dallas County, Wade. In court she proposed that it violated the guarantee of personal liberty and the right to privacy implicitly guaranteed in the First, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments.
  • New Jersey v. T.L.O

    New Jersey v. T.L.O
    High school student’s belongings were searched after being accused of violating the school rules by smoking in the bathroom. When the young ladys were searched by the vice principal they discovered marijuana and other items. When this case was taken to court the court ruled in favor of New Jersey because it was said that school officials do not need a warrant to search any student on school grounds.
  • Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier

    Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier
    At the Hazelwood East High School Principal Robert Reynolds pulled two articles from the newspaper spectrum, but he had to move quickly in order to meet the deadline of the publication. The students that wrote these articles felt as though that this censorship was a direct violation of their First Amendment rights. The verdict ruled in favor of Hazelwood and that Kuhlmeiers First Amendment rights were not violated.
  • Texas v. Johnson

    Texas v. Johnson
    During a political demonstration in Dallas , TexasGregory Lee Johnson doused a flag in kerosene and set it on fire. He was then charged and convicted with the desecration of a venerated object, in violation of the Texas Penal Code.The court first acknowledged his actions as expressive conduct that is protected by the First Amendment.