By jhr9000
  • Manhattan Project

    Manhattan Project
    Manhattan Project
    The Manhattan Project was a research and development program, led by the United States with participation from the United Kingdom and Canada, that produced the first atomic bomb during World War II. From 1942 to 1946, the project was under the direction of Major General Leslie Groves of the US Army Corps of Engineers. The Army component of the project was designated the Manhattan District; "Manhattan" gradually super
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  • Albert Einstein's letter to President Roosevelt

    Albert Einstein's letter to President Roosevelt
    Einstein's LetterAt the urging of Leo Szilard, Albert Einstein signs a letter of introduction of Szilard to President Roosevelt. Szilard wishes to warn Roosevelt of the post-war dangers of a nuclear arms race if the atomic bomb is used against Japan.
  • Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech

    Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech
    Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" SpeechWinston Churchill's speech given at Westminster College discussing the issues and concerns of nuclear weapons and how they will change society. He also points out that the damage that can be caused by those that oppose a democratic society and world peace.
  • First Soviet Atomic Test Stuns West

    First Soviet Atomic Test Stuns West
    Soviet TestThe Soviet Union explodes its first nuclear weapon at its testing range on the Kazakhstan steppe. Many historians consider the test the beginning of the nuclear arms race.
    Known as "First Lightning" to the Russians and "Joe-1" (a cheeky reference to Joseph Stalin) to the Americans, the weapon had roughly the equivalent in yield to the atomic bomb the United States had dropped on Nagasaki four y
  • Fallout from Nuclear Weapons and Cancer Risks

    Fallout from Nuclear Weapons and Cancer Risks
    EffectsThe "mushroom" of an atomic bomb carries radio active particles that can be spread throughout the world based upon wind and other weather patterns. The true exposures were first introduced to the world from tests conducted and the ramifications on peoples' daily lives.
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted of passing nuclear weapons secrets to the Soviet Union, were the first American civilians executed for espionage. Ethel's brother, David Greenglass, who was an employee of the Los Alamos atomic bomb project, passed secrets to Julius and Ethel, who then funneled them to the Soviets. They were killed in the electric chair on June 19, 1953.
  • Hydrogen Bomb "Mike"

    Hydrogen Bomb "Mike"
    MikeIvy Mike was the codename given to the first United States test of a thermonuclear device in which a major part of the explosive yield came from nuclear fusion. It was detonated on November 1, 1952 by the United States on Enewetak, an atoll in the Pacific Ocean, as part of Operation Ivy. The device was the first full test of the Teller-Ulam design, a staged fusion bomb, and was the first successful test of a hydrogen bomb.
  • Sputnik Launches

    Sputnik Launches
    Sputnik, the first man-made satellite, was launched on October 4, 1957 by the U.S.S.R. It was little more than the size of a basketball and weighed 184 pounds. Sputnik was not equipped with any scientific instruments, but orbited the earth once every 98 minutes. It contained a single radio transmitter, which did little more than issue an incessant beeping that allowed even th
  • Sedan Test

    Sedan Test
    Sedan Test Video<a href='' ></a>Storax Sedan was a shallow underground nuclear test conducted in Area 10 of Yucca Flat at the Nevada Test Site on 6 July 1962 as part of Operation Plowshare, a program to investigate the use of nuclear weapons for mining, cratering, and other civilian purposes. The radioactive fallout from the test contaminated more US residents than any other nuclear test, and the Sedan Crater is the largest man-made crater in the United States, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
  • China's First Nuclear Weapon Test

    China's First Nuclear Weapon Test
    China's Test
    596 is the codename of the People's Republic of China's first nuclear weapons test, detonated on October 16, 1964 at the Lop Nur test site. It was a uranium-235 implosion fission device and had a yield of 22 kilotons. With the test, China became the fifth nuclear power.
    Project 596 was named after the month of June 1959 in which it was initiated, immediately after Nikita Khrushchev
  • SALT

    SALTStrategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union that were aimed at curtailing the manufacture of strategic missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons. The first agreements, known as SALT I & SALT II, were signed by the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1972 and 1979, respectively, and were intended to restrain the arms race in strategic (long-range or intercontinental) ballistic missiles armed with nuclear weapons.
  • Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty

    Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty
    The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) is a 1987 agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union. Signed in Washington, D.C. by U.S. President Ronald Reagan and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev on December 8, 1987, it was ratified by the United States Senate on May 27, 1988 and came into force on June 1 of that year. The treaty is formally titled The Treaty Between the United States of America and