Jacob Rathbun and Levanders Jones

Timeline created by TrumannCivicsClass
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    attempt by Maryland to destroy a branch of the bank of hte US by imposing a tax on its notes, most famous Marshall decision.. no national bank, upheld bank rights to exist and be free from taxes.
    Chief Justice- John Marshall
    Votes- 7-0
  • Dartmouth v. Woodward

    Dartmouth v. Woodward
    Marshall rules that Dartmouth College's charter that had been granted by King George was to be upheld because it was a contract. Set precedent for protecting businesses from state governments. Example of federal law surpassing state law.
    Chief Justice- John Marshall
    Votes- 5-1
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    Marbury was denied an appointment as a Justice of the Peace and sued. Court set up the power of Judicial Review
    Chief Justice- John Marshall
    Votes 4-1
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    This case involved New York trying to grant a monopoly on waterborne trade between New York and New Jersey. Judge Marshall, reminded N.Y. that the Constitution gives Congress alone the control of interstate commerse.
    Chief Justice- John Marshall
    Votses- 7-0
  • Ex parte MIlligan

    Ex parte MIlligan
    Supreme COurt decides that the suspension of habeas corpus was unconsitutional becuase civilian courts were still operatingm and the Constitution only provided for the suspension of habeas corpus if these courts are actually forced closed.
    Chief Justice- Salmon Portland Chase
    Votes- 9-0
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Dred Scott v. Sanford
    Case that legalized slavery nationwide, while holding that people of color had no rights or protection under the Constitution.
    Chief Justice- Roger Brooke Taney
    Votes- 7-2
  • Reynolds v. US

    Reynolds v. US
    A Mormon wants more than one wife, but religious duty was not suitable defense to criminal indictment.
    Chief Justice- Morrison Remick Waite
    Votes- 7-2
  • US v. Knight

    US v. Knight
    Case that limited the goverment's power to control monopolies.
    Chief Justice- Melville Weston Fuller
    Votes- 8-1
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal.
    Chief Justice- Melville Weston Fuller
    Votes- 7-1
  • Schenck v. US

    Schenck v. US
    decides that any actions taken that present a "clear and present danger" to the public or government isn't allowed, the can limit free speech
    Chief Justice- Edward D. White
    Votes- 9-0
  • Korematsu v. US

    Korematsu v. US
    Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans
    Chief Justice- Harlan F. Stone
    Votes- 6-3
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clasue; "separate but equal" has no place
    Chief Justice- Earl Warren
    Votes- 9-0
  • Engel v. Vitale

    Engel v. Vitale
    Court decision holding state officials violated the First Amendment when they wrote a prayer to be recited by New York's school children
    Chief Justice- Earl Warren
    Votes- 6-1
  • Gideon v. Wainwright

    Gideon v. Wainwright
    Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of hte Constitution to provider counsel in criminal cases for defendents unable to afford their own attorneys
    Chief Justice- Earl Warren
    Votes- 9-0
  • Katzenbach v. McClung

    Katzenbach v. McClung
    Restaurant denies service to blacks and prosecuted under interstate commerce act. Determined the racial discrimination has a direct and adverse effect on the free flow of interstate commerce.
    Chief Justice- Earl Warren
    Votes- 9-0
  • Griswold v. Connecticut

    married couple wanted to get contraceptives; struck down a Connecticut law prohibiting the sale of contraceptives; established the right of privacy through the 4th and 9th amendment
    Chief Justice- Earl Warren
    Votes- 7-2
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda v. Arizona
    Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of thier right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self- incrimination prior to questioning by police
    Chief Justice- Earl Warren
    Votes- 5-4
  • Roe v. Wade

    Roe v. Wade
    legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
    Chief Justice- Warren E. Burger
    Votes- 7-2
  • Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

    Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
    Less qualified individuals can't be accepted for programs based only on their race. However, affirmative action is not unconsitutional.
    Chief Justice- Warren E. Burger
    Votes- 5-4
  • Texas v. Johnson

    Texas v. Johnson
    case in which the court struck down a law banning the burning of the American flag on the gorunds that such action was symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment.
    Chief Justice- William Rehnquist
    Votes- 5-4