History of our Democracy

  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to Jan 1, 1200

    England 1100s - 1200s

    Monarchs rules but noble families gain power via land in exchange for loyalty, tax money and, military support.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Noble force king John who was treating them harshly, to sign a document.
  • House of Burgesses

    1st representative assembly/legislature in Eng. colonies
  • Mayflower Compact

    established direct democracy
  • Period: to

    John Locke

    Believed that people are born free equally, independent, with natural right to life, liberty and protection that no government could take away.
  • Fundamental Order of Connecticut

    1st written constitution in America, assembly of elected reps from each town to make laws
  • Massachusetts Body of Liberties

  • Pennsylvania Frame of Gov't & 1701 PA Charter of Privileges

    established basis of US Constitution & Bill of Rights
  • Period: to

    Baron de Montesqueu

    Divide branches of government into different parts to balance each other out so no one can become too strong.
  • The Glorious Revolution

    Parliament removes king James 3 and replaces him with his daughter Mary and her husband William.
  • The Bill of Rights

    further restricted monarchs power, guaranteed free elections to Parliament, and eliminated cruel and unusual punishments
  • 13 English Colonies established

    each colony has a governor elected by the colonist or appointed by the king and each had a legislature with reps elected by free adult males
  • Period: to

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Wrote the social contract, and declared people alone have the right to determine how they should be governed.
  • Albany Plan of Union

    1st discussion of colonies for Union against the British gov't
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Can't live on the land west of Appalachian mountains so as not to stir up the native Americans
  • Stamp Act

    Tax on all paper goods
  • Quartering Act

    Colonist must provide barracks & supplies to British troops
  • Stamp Act repeals, established Declaratory Act

    Parliament has the right to tax & make decisions for American colonies in all cases
  • Townshend Act

    Allowed British gov't customs officers to enter anywhere suspected of smuggling (because many colonists were doing this because of taxes & boycotting)
  • Boston Massacre

  • Tea Act

    British could ship tea to colonies without a tax making it cheaper to buy than colonial tea
  • Boston Tea Party

  • Philadelphia, 1st Continental Congress

    1st Continental Congress write to King George III, we demand you restore our rights as British citizen
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    1st battle of American Revolution
  • 2nd Continental Congress meets

  • Thomas Paine "Common Sense" published

    moved many undecided colonist toward the belief that independence was the only course of action
  • Declaration of Independence written

    list of complaints against king, belief about ind. rights and pulled from ideas of Locke & Montesquieu