History of film

  • Period: to

    History of Film

  • Sallie Gardiner

    Sallie Gardiner
    Edward Muybridge took 24 consecutive pictures of a moving horse. This was taken with static cameras and wasn't acutally a film.
  • photographic gun invented

    photographic gun invented
    Étienne-Jules Marey invented a photogun (fusil photographique) that took 12 pictures a second. Marey is said to have almost perfected slow motion cinematography. He mainly filmed animals and motion of objects.
  • Roundhay Garden Scene

    Roundhay Garden Scene
    Louis le Prince filmed the first celluloid film. It was 24 frames of his family walking around in circles in their garden.
    FIlmed using the Le Prince single lens camera.
  • Black Maria

    America's first movie studio. Owned by Thomas Edison.
  • Fred Ott's sneeze

    Fred Ott's sneeze
    This was the first copyrighted motion picture. It was produced by the Edison Manufacturing Company.
  • Exiting the Factory

    Exiting the Factory
    Shot on location documentary. The Lumiere brothers were mainly playing with the camera.
  • The Sprinkler Sprinkled

    The Sprinkler Sprinkled
    FIrst movie with a staged plot. Also by the Lumiere brothers.
  • Haunted Castle

    Haunted Castle
    By Georges Melies, "Father of special effects". It had artificial lighting, set design, and jump-cuts. It was supposedly a horror film, but it comes off as hilarious to people who have seen better edited films.
  • A trip to the moon

    A trip to the moon
    First sci-fi film. Also by Georges Melies. Blended animation and live action.
  • Life of an american Fireman

    Life of an american Fireman
    BY Edwin S. Porter, the father of the story (narrative) film. Used cutscenes and picture in picture (cross cutting) editing to move the story along.
    35mm film.
  • The great train robbery

    Edwin S. Porter directed this film. it used cutscenes and better use of filming on location. Obviously fake acting and now goofy-looking edits were revolutionary for the time. The way it used cross-cutting was the beginning of montague.
  • Camera dolly invented

    This meant the camera could move around on wheels.
    Segundo de Chomón was the first person to do this.
    I can't believe it took that long for someone to figure out that you could move a camera around more easily if you put it on wheels.
  • The birth of a nation

    Directed by D.W. Griffith, who is still considered a film genius. It portrayed emotions by film angles, content, and the pace of the editing.
    So incredibly offensive that there were protests against it in 1915.
  • invention of technicolor film

    two colors

    De Forest added sound recording for the first time. The first film to have this added to it was The Jazz Singer.
  • Kuleshov effect

    Showed a neutral expression with cutaways to different images. People thought the person on film was being a good actor just because they assumed the character was looking at what the images were.
  • Hays Code

    This was the first Motion Picture Production Code. It wasn't enforced very well until 1934.
  • first film festival

    Venice Biennale was an art festival held every two years in Venice, Italy, It's still running today.
  • First Full-length musical score

    King Kong was the first full length "talkie" that had a full musical score instead of just random background music. The score was played using a 46 part orchestra and was the first that was set to match the film.