• 250

    Sophocles's Birth

    Sophocles's Birth
    Sophocles was born in 497 or 496 and became one of the first drama writers and wrote Ajax Antigone, The Women of Trachis, and Oedipus the King, among several other things. Oneo of the first known writers of the tragedy genre. Date: 497 BCE
  • 250

    Sophocles death

    Sophocles death
    Sophocles died in 406 BCE at the age of 90 in Athens. He wrote several of the most notable plays that inspired the first ages of art inspirations. Date: 406 BCE
  • Period: 250 to

    Havpa Class Project/Final

  • 476

    Fall Of The Roman Empire

    Fall Of The Roman Empire
    While the Byzantinium Empire lasted beyond the scope of the Roman Empire, rome itself fell, and with it a culture that was specific to that empire and people.
  • Mar 10, 650

    Dark Ages

    Dark Ages
    Time between the fall of the Roman Empire, and rise of the middle ages. The period is marked with a lot of warfare, disease, famine, and general problems in society. Marked as the age of barbarians.
  • Jan 1, 800

    Middle Ages Beginning

    Middle Ages Beginning
    Beginning after the collapse of the Roman Empire, and society digging out of the bleakness of the Dark ages - depopulationism and and relocation of groups of ethnic people lead to the Middle Ages, with several groups battling over control of religion and territory.
  • Mar 10, 1095

    First Crusade

    Pope Urban II proclaimed action of reclaiming the holy land, and thus began an age of war.
  • Mar 10, 1145

    Second Crusade

    Pronounced by Pope Eugence III, the war was a hope of reclaiming holy land and was lead by two european lords. Namely, Conrad III of Germany, and Louis VIII of France. It was ultimately a failure and many died.
  • Mar 10, 1187

    Third Crusade

    The Third Crusade (1189–1192), also known as the Kings' Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin
  • Jan 1, 1386

    Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi's Birth

    Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi's Birth
    Born in 1386 in Florence, Italy, Donatello soon became a student to the Florentine Wool Combers Guild where he was educated in art. He spent a lot of time in art and sold many commissions in Florence.
  • Jan 1, 1400


    A cultural movement that spawned some of the greatist artistical and musical ideas that are still in use today. The artists were varying and the ideas were wild.
  • Mar 10, 1400

    Ballet/Court Dance

    Ballet/Court Dance
    Originating in the Italian Rennaisance, the Ballet quickly spread to france, england, and Russia. It was used by nobles to seperate themselves in the tier systems of society from the lower classed people.
  • Mar 10, 1450


    Originating during the Rennaisannce, the Chiaroscuro brought many fields of art to the table. The art form creates a strong contrastion between light and dark.
  • Apr 15, 1452

    Leonardo da Vinci's Birth

    Leonardo da Vinci's Birth
    DaVinci was born in 1452 in Vinci, in the Republic of Florence(Taking the name of his town as his sir name) He quickly became known for his vast amount of creations in various fields of arts and sciences. Drawing the first helicopter and precursory many of the scientific discoveries that would occur in the future.
  • Mar 9, 1453

    Byzantine Empires's Fall

    Byzantine Empires's Fall
    The byzantine empire was destroyed after the Ottoman sack of Constantinople. This marked the true end of the Roman Empire as the last remnants of it's society had collapsed.
  • Mar 6, 1475

    Michelangelodi Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni's Birth

    Michelangelodi Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni's Birth
    Born in Arezzo, Republic of Florence in modern day Tuscany, Italy, He became a man of many arts. Taking up Sculpting, painting, architecture, and poetry in his life time as a High Renaissance man.
  • Mar 28, 1483

    Rafael Sanzio

    Rafael Sanzio
    Born in Urbino, Machre, Italy, he quickly became a painter and architect that grew to become very popular in his short time. He came to live in a pallazo in Borgo where he spent much of his later years.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Baroque period begins

    Baroque period begins
    A period of artistical interpretation that was verified in clear and exagerated motions to deptify the ideas in the paintings. Many of the greatest musicians had their starts during this time period.
  • May 2, 1519

    Leonardo da Vinci's Death

    Leonardo da Vinci's Death
    Died in 1519 at the age of 67 in Amboise, France after working for Francis I of France to design a tiger that would open its chest and spew out lilies. He died at the manor home of Clos Luce and where over 60 beggars followed his casket.
  • Apr 6, 1520

    Rafael Sanzio's Death

    Rafael Sanzio's Death
    He died in 1520 while he was engaged to Maria Bibbiena, and this is much believe to have been talked into this by his friends the Cardinal. His famous works include many of his self portraits and Sistine Madonna which he created in 1512.
  • Feb 18, 1564

    Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni

    Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
    Michelangelo died in 1564 in Rome, Papal States in present day Italy. During his life he created several important works such as David, Pieta`, The Last Judgment, and the Sistine Chapel Ceiling.
  • Apr 23, 1564

    William Shakespeare's Birth

    William Shakespeare's Birth
    William Shakespeare was born in 1564 and is a widely acclaimed poet, playwright, actor, and widely believe to be the greatest writer in the English Language. His work is still read to this day. Including 38 plays, 154 sonnets, among several other things.
  • Sep 29, 1571

    Caravagio's Birth

    Caravagio's Birth
  • Rembrandt's Birth

    Rembrandt's Birth
    Was born in 1606 in Leiden, Dutch republic and grew to become a painter in the baroque era of European history. He mastered the idea of lighting in his portraits which influenced the future ideas of the Renaisannce.
  • Caravagio's Death

    Caravagio's Death
    He led a very challenging life and was notorious for brawling. Caravagio was exiled to Naples, which was outside the Roman rule. His death is speculated as he died on the way to receive his pardon and was most likely assassinated in 1610.
  • William Shakespeare's Death

    William Shakespeare's Death
    William Shakespeare died in 1616 at the age of 52 in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. He boar several children named Susanna, Hamnet, and Judith before his death from Anne Hathaway.
  • Johann Pachelbel's Birth

    Johann Pachelbel's Birth
    Pachelbel spread the German organ tradition and brought it to its peak. A composer of many types of secular music, and seen as one of the one influential people of the baroque era.
  • Rembrandt's Death

    Rembrandt's Death
    Died on 1669 in Amsterdam of the Dutch republic as a very renowned painter and printmaker. He was buried in an unmarked grave in Westerkerk.
  • Antonio Vivalid's birth

    Antonio Vivalid's birth
    He was nicknamed the red Priest because of his hair. He was a famous Baroqu composer, Catholic priest, and virtuoso violin. Born in Venice he was recognized as a composer and his influence in his lifetime spread throughout Europe.
  • George Frideric Handel's Birth

    George Frideric Handel's Birth
    A musician and composer that received training in Halle, Hamburg and Italy, before deciding to live in London. Before the age of fifteen he had already been developing three opera’s.
  • Johann Sebastian Bach Born

    Johann Sebastian Bach Born
    A German born in Eisnach, Germany that was a composer that was not famous during his life, learned to played several instruments such as the organ, harpsichord, viola, and viola during his life and composed thousands of works, namely with the harpsichord.
  • Johann Pachelbel's Death

    Johann Pachelbel's Death
    One of the last baroque composers who had considerable influence and tutored several other Baroque composers. He borrowed from several other German organist composers and spread their traditions throughout Europe.
  • Franz Joseph Haydn's Birth

    Franz Joseph Haydn's Birth
    Haydn was born an Austrian musician during the Classical period. Often called the father of symphony and the string quartet due to his importance to these forms. Was a highly regarded composer and a friend of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and a teacher of Beethoven.
  • Antonio Vivaldi's Death

    Antonio Vivaldi's Death
    Vivaldi was famous in France during his lifetime though he spent much of it in Venice. His death dwindled his popularity but his work was left behind as proof to the world.
  • Francisco Goya's Birth

    Francisco Goya's Birth
    Francisco Jose de Goya was a Spanish painter, drawer, sculptor, and printmaker born in 1746 in Fuendetodos, Aragon in spain and died in Bordeaux, France. Goya became friends with several royalty members in his life and created many works of art depicting the royal families of Spain.
  • Jacques Louis David's Birth

    Jacques Louis David's Birth
    Was born in 1748 in Paris, France and became an active supporter of the French Revolution and a friend to Maximillian Robespierre. His works often expressed very one sided political art of the era.
  • Johann Sebastian Bach Death

    Johann Sebastian Bach Death
    A German composer who composed over one thousand works in his life and died in 1750 in Leipzig. Bach had become the father to over ten children in his lifetime who for the most part went off to become musicians. Bach lost his sight in the days before his death and only barely managed to read "Before Thy Throne I Stand" for his son in law.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Birth

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Birth
    Born as a composer to a musically inclined family, and began to show prestigious abilities in keyboard and violin. He began composing at the age of five and performed in front of several royal people. He travelled several times throughout his life to study music and escape from the people he made angry.
  • George Frideric Handel's Death

    George Frideric Handel's Death
    Before his death he composed music for the royalty where 12,000 people attended at the first attendance. He gave a copy of Messiah to his institution before his death.
  • Romantic period

    Romantic period
    An artistical expressionary period that evolved from the Rennaisance through the Classical period to encompass strong emotions in work and tackle social issues.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven Born

    Ludwig van Beethoven Born
    A German composer and pianist. Later became a crucial figure in the transition from the classical age to the Romantic age. Beethoven was born in Bonn under the Holy Roman Empire(Which was coincidentally built of German city states)
  • John Constable

    John Constable
    Born in 1776, John Constable became a great landscape painter of the Dedham vale, which was the area surrounding his home. He was excepted to succeed his father as a corn merchant but decided instead that Constable would rather pursue a career in art.
  • Scottish Potato Famine

    A famine in the highlands of Scotland that caused an accumulative death of 1.7 million. Caused an extreme migration from scotland to America or other places.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Death

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Death
    After composing over 600 works of music, he died of unclear circumstances before his wife and survived his child. Died in 1791 in Vienna as the Austro-Turkish war ravaged on. Some of his last works remained largely unfinished.
  • Franz Joseph Haydn's Death

    Franz Joseph Haydn's Death
    After returning to vienna to serve as keipellmaster, haydn died on elder age and poor health.
  • Richard Wagner's Birth

    Richard Wagner's Birth
    Born in 1813 in Germany and became a theatre director who was known for his operas. He became a sensationalist as he wrote the libretto for each of his works in each stage.
  • Gustave Courbet's Birth

    Gustave Courbet's Birth
    Gustave was born in Omans, Doubs, France where he became a painter to the Realist movement of the 19th centry. Many of his works contained everyday events of the time period.
  • Jacques Louis David's Death

    Jacques Louis David's Death
    Died in 1825 in Brussels, United Netherlands after being exiled, he created Mars being Disarmed by Venus and Three Graces before his death in 1825 of a stroke.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven's Death

    Ludwig van Beethoven's Death
    Died in Vienna as his hearing began to deteriorate and was totally deaf for the most part by the time of his death. The only of three brothers to survive infancy.
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen's Birth

    Henrik Johan Ibsen's Birth
    Henrik Johan Ibsen was born in 1828 and grew to become a famous Norwegian playwright that wrote several important works such as A Doll’s House which has been performed throughout the 20th century.
  • Francisco Goya' s Death

    Francisco Goya' s Death
    rennasiance men. His most famous works are that the of royal Spanish family and maja which has tow different editions. The Nude Maja and The Clothed maja.
    He died in 1828 in Bordeaux, France at the age of 82. His work brought in a lot of income for himself andbrought in the expressionist movement and is the forefather of thought to many of the
  • Edouard Manet

    Edouard Manet
  • John Constable's Death

    John Constable's Death
    Died in 1837 in Hampstead, London as a poor man who only sold about 20 paintings throughout his career in London, but over 20 in France in one year. He stayed around in one area due to his wife’s poor health and much preferred a quiet life.
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Birth

    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Birth
    An early establisher of the romantic era’s music shows and did several other things in his lifetime such as opera’s and direct in the theatre.
  • Melodrama

    Melodrama originated in the mid 17th to 18th century as dramas that put characters in a lot of danger to appeal to the emotions. The works include but are not limited to Death of a Salesman, Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Pygmalion, among other things.
  • George Bernard Shaw's Birth

    George Bernard Shaw's Birth
    George Benard Shaw was born in Dublin, Ireland and grew to write more that 60 plays in his lifetime that became nominal successes. His main talent was for drama, but he was also an essayist, novelist, and short story writer. All of his works address social problems of his time.
  • Gustave Courbet's Death

    Gustave Courbet's Death
    Gustave died in December 1877 at the age of 88 in La Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland. Many of his works are attributed to the realistic movement and he is one of the most influential realism artists. Some of his at includes Seaside, his self Portrait, and A burial at ornans.
  • Richard Wagner's Death

    Richard Wagner's Death
    Wagner later wrote his last opera in the years of 1876 to 1883 where he spent most of his years in Italy for health reasons. He completed Parsifal but died soon after due to worsening health.
  • Edouard Manet's Death

    Edouard Manet's Death
    He died in 1883 in paris France after introducing some of the concepts of modernism. Some of his works include The Lucheon on the Grass, and A bar at the Follies-Bergere.
  • tchaikovsky's Death

    tchaikovsky's Death
    Played a major role as an inspiration for future music before his death in 1883.
  • Faroese poem by Janus Djurhuus, "Gandkvæði Tróndar".

    Faroese poem by Janus Djurhuus, "Gandkvæði Tróndar".
    Gandkvæði Tróndar retells the story of Christianity spreading to the faroese islands and the opposition by Trondar. The story is one of the first out of Faroese. Janus Djurhuus is seen as the greatest writer from the area.
  • Rise of Carthage

    Rise of Carthage
    650 BCE: A Semitic people that lived on the tip of Africa surrounded by hostile territories.
  • Henrik Ibsen's Death

    Henrik Ibsen's Death
    Ibsen died in 1906 in Christania, Norway after inspiring elements of naturalism and realism. His other works include Ghosts, An Enemy of the people, The Wild Duck, and Hedda Gabler.
  • Tennessee Williams

    Tennessee Williams
    Tennessee Williams was born in 1911 and became an American playwright and the author of many stage classics. He became famous with the Glass Menagerie in 1944 and continued to make several successful pieces throughout his life.
  • Beginning Of The Great War

    Beginning Of The Great War
    As what it came to be called, World War One began in Europe. As Americans began to feel sympathy for the people of the old country. The war began as Archduke Franz ferdinand(As seen to the left) was assassinated.
  • Arthur Asher Miller's Birth

    Arthur Asher Miller's Birth
    Arthur Miller was born in 1915 in harlem, New York. He became a prominent figure in American theatre and later went on to write screenplays such as The Misfits in 1961.
  • Modern Dance

    Modern Dance
    Modern Dance was created in the 1930's after the roaring 20's brought america into a emotional stage of life that created and dissolved or merged many cultures into one. Modern dance was a direct response to the ballet dance being the official court/concert dance.
  • George Bernard Shaw's Death

    George Bernard Shaw's Death
    Shaw died in 1950 in Ayot St Lawrence, Hethfordshire, in modern day England. At the age of 94 he had written many award winning screenplays and had won two notable award. One being a Nobel Prize in Literature and one Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay.
  • Tenesse Williams Death

    Tenesse Williams Death
    He died in 1983 at the age of 71 and his career lived on as his plays made thousands being produced worldwide. His alcohol and drug dependence would later point to his death.
  • Arthur Asher Miller's Death

    Arthur Asher Miller's Death
    Arthur Miller died in 2005 in Roxbury, Conneticut. He was an inspirational artist and had won several prestigious awards during his lifetime including the Jerusalem Prize.
  • Classical Time Period

    Classical Time Period
    A period of musical and artistical encompassment that created the idea of western music and many of the ideas for how staff notation is used now.
  • Realism period

    Realism period
    An era of trying to represent humans in their natural surroundings, the nature and the beauty of the landscape, and the encompanying feelings behind the movements.