Franz Boas , Arturo Rico

  • Birth

    He is born in Westphalia, Germany
  • Period: to

    Franz Boas and anthropology

  • Early life and education

    Early life and education
    From kindergarten on, Boas was taught natural history.But , when it came time for university, he intended to study physics in Berlin, but eventually changed his mind and enrolled in the university at Kiel to be closer to his family.
  • Post-graduate studies

    Post-graduate studies
    Boas took up geography as a way to explore his growing interest in the relationship between subjective experience and the objective world.Many argued that the physical environment was the principal determining factor, but others argued that the diffusion of ideas through human migration is more important.
  • Inuits

    Boas went to Baffin Island to conduct geographic research on the impact of the physical environment on native Inuit migrations. The first of many ethnographic field trips, Boas culled his notes to write his first monograph titled The Central Eskimo, which was published in the 6th Annual Report from the Bureau of American Ethnology in 1888.
  • Move

    He moves from Berlin.He then marries, and settles in New York.
  • Teaching

    On the Clark University faculty he trained the first American to receive a doctorate in anthropology.
  • Jesup North Pacific Expedition

    Jesup North Pacific Expedition
    He begins to sudy on people in the Americas like how he did on the Eskimos. This study beacme known as the Jesup North Pacific Expedition.
  • Anti-Nazi and racism campaing

    Anti-Nazi and racism campaing
    He gathered 10,000 scientist to stand up against Nazism. He said,"There are two things to which I am devoted: absolute academic and spiritual freedom, and the subordination of the state to the interests of the individual; expressed in other forms, the furthering of conditions in which the individual can develop to the best of his ability as far as it is possible with a full understanding of the fetters imposed upon us by tradition; and the fight against all forms of power policy of states ."
  • Death

  • Life teachings

    Life teachings
    He changed the understanding of human nature and human behavior, led physical anthropology away from mere taxonomic classification into human biology and established general principles of modern anthropology.